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California World Ocean: Shoreline Armoring and the Ocean Economy
 

California World Ocean: Shoreline Armoring and the Ocean Economy

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  • 13.1 million Californians in 1999-2000150 million beach visits 2000
  • Thirty-three percent of the coastlines of Ventura, Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego counties have now been armored.

California World Ocean: Shoreline Armoring and the Ocean Economy California World Ocean: Shoreline Armoring and the Ocean Economy Presentation Transcript

  • THE IMPACT OF SHORELINE ARMORING ON CALIFORNIA’S OCEAN ECONOMY
    CHAD NELSEN
    SURFRIDER FOUNDATION
    CALIFORNIA AND THE WORLD OCEAN
    SEPTEMBER 2010
  • CA TOURISM & RECREATION
    (Kildow & Colgan 2005)
  • THE CA BEACH ECONOMY
    USE
    13.1 Million Californians visited beaches (Leeworthy 2001)
    150 million beach visits (Pendleton & Kildow 2006)
    ECONOMICS
    $14 Billion in direct revenues (King, 1999)
    ~$8 Billion in non-market value (Pendleton & Kildow 2006)
    Beach loss: $8.3 billion (King & Symes 2003)
  • CA COASTAL EROSION
    (Griggs 2005)
  • SHORELINE ARMORING
    Ventura, LA, Orange & San Diego County
    Statewide
    (Griggs 2005)
  • CA COASTAL ACT Section 30225
    Shoreline armoring shall be permitted when required to protectexisting structures in danger from erosion
  • CA COASTAL ACT: MITIGATION
    …and when designed to eliminate or mitigate adverse impacts on local shoreline sand supply.
  • CCC APPROACHES TO MIGITATION
    • SAND (Engineering question)
    CCC Procedural Guidance Document
    • LOST RECREATION (Economics question)
    2004: Ocean Harbor House: Acreage Approach
    2005: Las Brisas: Amenity Approach
    2009: Neptune: Replacement Approach
    2010: City of Solana Beach: Site Specific Study
    BEACH ECOSYSTEMS (Ecosystem services question)
    Not included
  • CONCLUSIONS
    Beaches: important to CA Ocean Economy
    CCA continues to allow shoreline armoring
    Mitigation for beach loss is incomplete
    Mitigation program needs improvement
    Alternatives to armoring are essential
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    Standardize Recreational Value Approach
    Day use value
    Climate change
    Procedural Guidance Document
    Develop ecosystem services model
    Research on beach ecosystem service values
    Seek alternative to armoring: Managed Retreat
  • QUESTIONS
    What does mitigation of adverse impacts mean?
    Where does the money go?
    Will it be enough?
    What does the future look like with a robust mitigation program?
    Are there better alternatives? What are they?
  • CHAD NELSENemail: cnelsen@surfrider.orgtwitter: chadenelsenblog: surfeconomics.blogspot.com