Strange & Mysterious Stories


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Strange & Mysterious Stories

  1. 1. Strange & Mysterious Stories 8 th Grade Literature
  2. 2. Strange & Mysterious Short Stories <ul><li>“The Tell Tale Heart” </li></ul><ul><li>“The Raven” </li></ul><ul><li>“The Monkey’s Paw” </li></ul><ul><li>“The Land Lady” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Elements of Suspense <ul><li>What is suspense? </li></ul><ul><li>The uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what will happen next. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Methods of Suspense: </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving clues about what might happen later on </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mystery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Withholding information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dilemma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must choose between two dangerous courses of action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reversal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A sudden change in the character’s situation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Elements of a Short Story <ul><li>Exposition </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to the part of the plot where background information is revealed about the characters and the setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Complications </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts and obstacles characters face while struggling to resolve a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Climax </li></ul><ul><li>The turning point of the story. The point that creates the greatest suspense and reveals how the conflict will turn out. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>When the problem or conflict is resolved. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elements of a Short Story Continued… <ul><li>Point of View (1st person, 2nd person, 3rd Person: limited or omniscient) </li></ul><ul><li>The person who is telling the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul><ul><li>The attitude the author takes toward his/her subject, characters or audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson or moral of a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Time and place of the story. Usually, but NOT always, is described towards the beginning of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul><ul><li>People or animals discussed in the story. </li></ul>
  6. 6. As you read Poe’s stories and poems, pay attention to the following: <ul><li>Poe's depiction of death </li></ul><ul><li>Poe's portrayal of love and beauty, especially in his poems </li></ul><ul><li>Poe's innovative and unusual use of words in both genres </li></ul><ul><li>Poe's ability to instill fear in the reader, primarily in the short stories </li></ul>
  7. 7. Poe's depiction of death: <ul><li>Death is not only inevitable, but it also can be beautiful, especially as it is portrayed in the poems. </li></ul><ul><li>Death can be horrific when someone realizes it is imminent. </li></ul><ul><li>Guilt, hatred, or revenge are appropriate justifications for murder. </li></ul><ul><li>Impending death can be postponed, but not always. </li></ul><ul><li>Death may actually enhance a loved one's beauty. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Poe's portrayal of love and beauty, especially in his poems: <ul><li>Love is chosen by the individual, not determined merely by fate. </li></ul><ul><li>Love has historical, sometimes mythological, references. </li></ul><ul><li>Love has no boundaries, not even in death. </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty is only an idea, one that even death cannot weaken. </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty in its ideal form cannot be attained. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Poe's innovative and unusual use of words in both genres: <ul><li>Words are frequently used for the way they sound, as well as for their meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>Poe's rhythm and internal rhyme becomes almost hypnotic in many poems. </li></ul><ul><li>The difficult vocabulary reflects the style of Poe's time period. </li></ul><ul><li>Every important word is intended to evoke a mood or atmosphere in the reader, and Poe aimed for the same effect regardless of whether the work was prose or poetry. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Poe's ability to instill fear in the reader: <ul><li>Poe builds suspense throughout the stories, revealing some facts while withholding others. </li></ul><ul><li>Because the element of danger is usually present, the reader can feel the intensity of the emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>The narration is frequently first person, which makes the reader's connection to the story more intimate. </li></ul><ul><li>Poe's descriptions are usually minutely detailed to give a sense of verisimilitude to the stories, despite their supernatural atmosphere. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Poe's ability to instill fear in the reader: <ul><li>The use of irony and black humor is common. </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic elements are usually prominent in his writing: the supernatural, evil animals, and dark, gloomy settings </li></ul><ul><li>Poe's depictions of how the human mind works heighten a reader's connection to the story. </li></ul><ul><li>The surprise endings provide a reason to go back through the work to look for clues missed on the first reading. </li></ul>