Holocaust literature unit: pre-reading and notes


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Holocaust literature unit: pre-reading and notes

  1. 1. “ The Diary of Anne Frank” How do you keep from giving up? 8 th Grade Literature
  2. 2. <ul><li>After reading each statement, decide whether you: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agree </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Somewhat agree/disagree </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disagree </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Be ready to discuss your decision. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  3. 3. Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree? <ul><li>I treat all groups of people the same way. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>I don’t hate anyone. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  5. 5. <ul><li>I would risk my life for my family. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  6. 6. <ul><li>I would risk my life for my friends </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  7. 7. <ul><li>I would risk my life for a stranger. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  8. 8. <ul><li>I get angry when I am not treated fairly. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  9. 9. <ul><li>If it hadn’t been for Hitler, the Holocaust would never have happened. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  10. 10. <ul><li>What is done cannot be undone, but one can prevent it from happening again. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  11. 11. <ul><li>It is okay to ignore things that are wrong if they don’t affect you directly. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  12. 12. <ul><li>In spite of everything, people are really good at heart. </li></ul>Agree? Somewhat…? Disagree?
  13. 13. What are the consequences of silence? <ul><li>“ In Germany, they came first for the communists, and I didn’t speak up because I was not a communist. </li></ul><ul><li> Then, they came for the Jews and I didn’t speak up because I was not a Jew. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I was not a trade unionist. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, they came for the Catholics, and I didn’t speak up because I was a Protestant. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, they came for me and by that time, no one was left of speak up.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Pastor Martin Niemoller </li></ul>
  14. 14. Holocaust Pre-reading <ul><li>Imagine that you and your family had to go into hiding in order to survive and avoid being separated from each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Express how you feel about leaving your home and friends. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Holocaust Pre-reading <ul><li>During hiding, your very survival is dependant on the goodness and charity of others. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you be willing to risk your life for someone you hardly know, understanding that if you are caught, you will be put to death? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Elements of Drama: Basic Dramatic Principles <ul><li>Exposition (Background Information) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Initial Conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>struggle, main problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complications (Rising Action) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>disagreements, additional problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>moment of greatest interest or suspense; the turning point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Denouement (Resolution) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how the play ends (final act) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Elements of Drama <ul><li>Act and Scene: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramas are divided into acts and scenes. Acts and scenes are important because they organize and add dramatic emphasis to a story. In live performance you can identify a scene by a brief break in the story or blackout on the stage. Breaks between acts are much longer and often present major changes when the story resumes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A major division of a drama that usually focuses on one piece of the plot or theme of the play. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts are divided into scenes (similar to chapters in a book). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scene </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents action in one place or situation. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Elements of Drama <ul><li>Stage Directions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage directions are the instructions written into the script of a play that describe the characters, sets, costumes, and lighting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They give the readers insight into what the author intends for the visual aspects of settings and specific actions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage directions appear in italics offset by brackets. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Elements of Drama <ul><li>Irony: occurs when there is a difference between what is expected and what actually happens in a short story, poem, or play. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Situational irony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An author creates situational irony when a character expects a particular outcome, but the opposite occurs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic irony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An author creates dramatic irony when the reader or audience has important information that the character or characters do not have. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example, dramatic irony may result when a character lacks self-awareness and acts according to false ideas. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>How is the play, “The Diary of Anne Frank” an example of dramatic irony? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We (audience/readers) know that Anne and the others will not survive. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Elements of Drama <ul><li>Flashback: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An interruption in the present action to show events that happened at an earlier time. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Characters in Crisis (Conflict): <ul><li>Every play centers on a crisis, a situation of danger or difficulty that places something of great value at risk: life, love, family, and pride, anything that is precious to them. </li></ul><ul><li>The crisis may arise because the characters want something for which they must struggle with someone else (external conflict) or with themselves (internal conflict). </li></ul><ul><li>The crisis may also arise because the characters want to remove a threat to their safety or happiness. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Character cannot avoid the situation and must stay and face the threat = external conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character chooses to avoid the threat = internal conflict </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Making a Change (Characterization): <ul><li>Most plays are about change, both in characters and in their relationships. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In The Diary of Anne Frank both dynamic and static characters exist. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These changes come about as the characters work out their conflicts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In The Diary of Anne Frank , we see several of the characters change as a result, some becoming wiser and more generous, others pettier and more self-centered. </li></ul></ul>