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Allusions in Literature When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. These references are called allusions.
Allusions to Authors and Books in Speak Bram Stoker, Dracula An outcast Maya Angelou She was one of the first African- American writers to be recognized using a black woman as a protagonist. She was silenced and chose not to speak. Melinda wants to speak out but cannot. Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter Melinda says she is wearing an “S” for shame, which parallels the “A” Hester Pyrnne was forced to wear Hiding something Melinda is also being ostracized Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland
Allusions to Artists in Speak Kahlo Monet OKeeffe Pollock Pablo Picasso Scared to tell the truth (he was married but had many mistresses) Tries to express feelings through art, but is scared the truth will come out Dali Van Gough
Allusions to Historical References in Speak Gregor Mendel Considered the “father of modern genetics” The suffragettes Melinda feels like she too is treated unfairly
Allusions to Pop Culture in Speak Arnold Schwarzenegger Glen Close Martha Stewart Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer MTV Oprah Winfrey Sally Jessy Rafael Jerry Springer Mr. Rogers Neighborhood