Greenstick Fracture<br />An incomplete break where one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent.<br />Similar effect to trying to break a green stick of wood<br />Usually caused by falls <br />Arm bones are the most likely location <br />Prevalent in children because their bones are softer and more flexible<br />
Greenstick Fracture cont.<br /> Symptoms include:<br /> Abnormally bent or twisted limb<br />Swelling at the fracture sight<br />*Pain is absent or minimal compared to a typical fracture<br />Fracture usually diagnosed with X-ray, but an ultrasound or CT scan may also be used<br />Since children’s bones heal quickly, cast may be removed in as little as 3-4 weeks <br />
Spiral Fracture<br />Fracture line curves around the shaft of the bone<br />Caused by twisting of the bone and usually a result of a sports injury<br />More prevalent in people with fragile bones whether due to age or poor diet<br />
Spiral Fracture cont.<br />Symptoms include:<br /> Swelling and bruising at the fracture site<br />Extreme pain <br />The spiraling nature of the fracture usually causes a delay in the healing process<br />*Spiral fractures in children is usually a sign of child abuse <br />
Comminuted Fracture<br />Bone is crushed or splintered in more than two locations<br />Usually caused by car accidents, bullet injury, or sever fall<br />More prevalent with the elderly and people with bone diseases<br />
Comminuted Fracture cont.<br />Symptoms include:<br />Swelling and warm sensation at the site<br />Sever pain (possibly causing the patient to faint)<br />Typically take longer to heal due to the complexity of the injury<br />Treatment may include surgery where the bone is held in place with pins and plates.<br />
Impacted Fracture<br />Bone is broken into several fragments and pushed into each other.<br />Caused by collisions, falls or other accidents with a high-impact force<br />More prevalent in elderly due to their brittle, fragile bones<br />
Impacted Fracture cont.<br />Symptoms include: <br />throbbing pain<br /> Swelling and bruising at the fracture site<br />Possibility of a rattling or cracking noise<br />Fracture diagnosed with a CT scan or MRI scan<br /> provide clear image of the broken fragments<br />
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