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Med terms ch. 4 presentation
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  • 1.
  • 2. Greenstick Fracture
    An incomplete break where one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent.
    Similar effect to trying to break a green stick of wood
    Usually caused by falls
    Arm bones are the most likely location
    Prevalent in children because their bones are softer and more flexible
  • 3. Greenstick Fracture cont.
    Symptoms include:
    Abnormally bent or twisted limb
    Swelling at the fracture sight
    *Pain is absent or minimal compared to a typical fracture
    Fracture usually diagnosed with X-ray, but an ultrasound or CT scan may also be used
    Since children’s bones heal quickly, cast may be removed in as little as 3-4 weeks
  • 4. Spiral Fracture
    Fracture line curves around the shaft of the bone
    Caused by twisting of the bone and usually a result of a sports injury
    More prevalent in people with fragile bones whether due to age or poor diet
  • 5. Spiral Fracture cont.
    Symptoms include:
    Swelling and bruising at the fracture site
    Extreme pain
    The spiraling nature of the fracture usually causes a delay in the healing process
    *Spiral fractures in children is usually a sign of child abuse
  • 6. Comminuted Fracture
    Bone is crushed or splintered in more than two locations
    Usually caused by car accidents, bullet injury, or sever fall
    More prevalent with the elderly and people with bone diseases
  • 7. Comminuted Fracture cont.
    Symptoms include:
    Swelling and warm sensation at the site
    Sever pain (possibly causing the patient to faint)
    Typically take longer to heal due to the complexity of the injury
    Treatment may include surgery where the bone is held in place with pins and plates.
  • 8. Impacted Fracture
    Bone is broken into several fragments and pushed into each other.
    Caused by collisions, falls or other accidents with a high-impact force
    More prevalent in elderly due to their brittle, fragile bones
  • 9. Impacted Fracture cont.
    Symptoms include:
    throbbing pain
    Swelling and bruising at the fracture site
    Possibility of a rattling or cracking noise
    Fracture diagnosed with a CT scan or MRI scan
    provide clear image of the broken fragments