WHAT IS ASPERGER'S SYNDROME?
Asperger’s is a neurological developmental disorder.
impairments in social relationships, verbal and nonverbal
communication, and by restrictive, repetitive patterns of
behaviors, interests, and activities.
Classified as an autism spectrum disorder (ASD.)
“high-functioning” and milder end of spectrum
ASPERGER’S SYNDROME EVOLUTION
Identified in 1944 by Hans Asperger. (Austria )
Boys with autistic-like behaviors and difficulties with social and
communication skills but had normal intelligence and language
Brought to the attention of the English -speaking world in
1981 by Dr. Lorna Wing.
Was not added to the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of
the American Psychiatric Association until 1994 .
In 2013, the DSM-5 replaced Asperger's syndrome with
the umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder.
COMMON TRAITS AND CHARACTERISTICS
socially awkward and clumsy
naive and gullible
unaware of others' feelings
unable to carry on conversation
easily upset by changes
literal in speech and
sensitive to loud sounds, lights,
fixated on one subject or object
physically awkward in sports
very accurate memory for details
trouble understanding things
they have heard or read
inappropriate body language &
repetitive and irrelevant
unusually loud, high or
rock, fidget or pace while
United States and Canada estimates range from 1/250
children to 1/10,000.
Asperger’s is 4x more likely to occur in males than in females
Usually is first diagnosed in children between 2-6 years old.
social skills training
Medications: none to
specifically treat but
may improve specific
IDEAS FOR INSTRUCTION
Be careful in classroom seating assignments
Use the “peer buddy” system
Avoid self-selection in group work
Carefully consider the maturity of the group members
Provide “safe haven” or quiet area
Explain metaphors and sarcasm; Use concrete examples
Use “social stories” for providing directions
Vigorously but respectfully maintain class rules and other
HELPFUL HINTS FOR TEACHERS
Operate on “Asperger Time”
Manage the environment
Create a balanced agenda
Share the agenda
Manage change of plans
Be generous with praise