Cooperative Learning with Carousel Brainstorming Christine M Smith 04-13-2011
Carousel Brainstorming● Students rotate around the classroom in small groups, stopping at stations for a designated amount of time.● Students will activate prior knowledge of different topics or different aspects of a single topic through conversation with peers.● Ideas will be posted at each station for all groups to read.● Prior knowledge will be activated, providing scaffolding for new information to be learned in the lesson.
Carousel BrainstormingCooperative learning roles: ● Recorder, contributes own ideas, records the ideas each member of the group, writes the name of the contributor beside the idea. ● Speaker, contributes own ideas, presents group ideas to the class, is fair and impartial in sharing all ideas. ● Mediator, contributes own ideas, helps to keep ideas flowing within the group, encourages and refocuses the group to each task. ● All group members, communicate ideas openly, listen to teammates, "all for one and one for all"McGraw-Hill, Inc.
Carousel BrainstormingStep 1: Assign roles and tasks● Divide students into groups of three for more equal participation● Explain and assign the roles of recorder, speaker, and mediator● Highlight the responsibility of the group "all for one and one for all"
Carousel BrainstormingStep 2: Ask thought provoking questions ● Develop questions that spark interest and conversation about a new topic area. ● Write each question on a sheet of chart paper. ● Post the questions a stations around the classroom. ● Each groups recorder will be given a different color marker. ● Direct groups to a starting station and set a time limit. ● Students should brainstorm ideas and the recorder for each group should write them directly on the chart paper. ● At time intervals groups will rotate the next station.
Carousel BrainstormingStep 3: Facilitate Effective Interaction ● Be available to students who made need clarification. ● Equalize rotation time. ● Recognize that some groups may need additional time as the lesson progresses to read prior posts. ● Amount of time may vary depending on student needs and lesson objectives. ● Move groups clockwise.
Carousel BrainstormingStep4: Use Presentations to Clarify ● Allow each speaker to summarize brainstorming of their group for each question in turn. ● Opportunities for clarification, re-teaching key concepts. ● Have a class recorder document essential information for each question answered.
Carousel BrainstormingStep 5: Save time to wrap-up the activity ● Make sure that students have recorded at least three essential answers to each question. ● Revisit each question for additions and final remarks. ● Use the ideas to give a summarizing assignment which may be completed individually.
Sample Carousel Brainstorming for books with themes of"Social Justice" ● Why would the author call his book Bystander? What does it mean to "just stand by?" ● Who do you think the author is referring to when he calls the kids in his book Misfits? What makes someone feel like a misfit? ● Why do you think a book called Poison Ivy might be about bullying? What questions would you ask a bully if you could put them on trial? ● In the book Waiting for Normal, what do you think some of the challenges are that the main character might face? What is normal? Is it the same for everyone? ● What might make you think that the main character in the book Word Nerd has been bullied? What do you think of when someone is called a nerd?
Sample wrap-up activities● After group presentations, students will identify three key concepts for each question.● Books will be "book talked."● Students will choose a book with a partner.● They will read and write letters to each other discussing the themes in the book.● They will demonstrate understanding of the concept of "social justice" today not just in an historical context by presenting book talks to their peers.