It’s Alive! Technological innovations improve economies.

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During the mid to late 1800s, there were many technological innovations that resulted in increased industry. Easy production of steel led to the development of skyscrapers and more industrial …

During the mid to late 1800s, there were many technological innovations that resulted in increased industry. Easy production of steel led to the development of skyscrapers and more industrial buildings. The increase of industrial machinery changed the labor force from skilled to unskilled. Due to mass production, the number of products increased, while the cost of products decreased. This helped spur competition.

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  • 1. And Then There Was Light,Followed By Rolling Blackouts:Industrialization and Immigration(1800’s or the 19 th Century)
  • 2. Unit 5: Development of Industrial United States This unit will focus on the impact the Industrial Revolution had on North Carolina and the United States. Also how immigration and cheap labor affected the quality of life and caused citizens to demand change. http://ncpedia.org/industryHine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940, Detail from "Girls running warping machines in Loray mill, Gastonia, N.C. Many boys and girls much younger. Boss carefullyavoided them, and when I tried to get a photo which would include a mite of a boy working at a machine, he was quickly swept out of range. He isntworking here, just came in to help a little. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina," November 1908. Photo ID# LOT 7479, v. 1, no. 0246 [P&P] . From therecords of the National Child Labor Committee (U.S.), Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.
  • 3. Define these terms:Technology MonopoliesCompetition UnionAssimilation StrikeQuota ProsperityUrbanization Corruption
  • 4. It’s Alive! Technological innovationsimprove economies.During the mid to late 1800s, there were many technologicalinnovations that resulted in increased industry. Easyproduction of steel led to the development of skyscrapers andmore industrial buildings. The increase of industrial machinerychanged the labor force from skilled to unskilled. Due to massproduction, the number of products increased, while the costof products decreased. This helped spur competition.
  • 5. Define these terms and answer these questions asyou go thru PowerPoint and the provided links onthe following slides: - Steel - Cars How did the new forms of technology affect - Planes the United States’ economy? - Wright Brothers - Electric Lights How has technology changed the quality of - Thomas Edison life of people in the USA? - R.J. Reynolds - Global Markets - Skilled Labor to Unskilled LaborUse the paper you were given on Thursday as a guide to this lesson.Spend no more than 10 minutes on each slide Friday and onMonday. Your goal is to be finished with this topic by Monday Endof class- having completed both the Quia Quiz and this lesson.
  • 6. Watchhttp://www.history.com/videos/the-industrial-revolition - Steel http://www.history.com/topics/iron-and-steel-industry Click the above link & read the intro, then scroll down to find this paragraph and read to the bottom. In 1856 the British engineer Henry (later Sir Henry) Bessemer developed the Bessemer process for making steel. Two years later the Siemens-Martin open- hearth method was developed. Once perfected, these processes greatly lowered the cost of steel production and allowed the increasingly lavish use of steel for railroads, construction, and other industrial purposes….. Who is important and why? Recognize any names?
  • 7. Watch the clip @http://www.history.com/shows/america-the-story-of-us/videos/henry-ford-and-the-model-t - Cars http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_automobile#19th_century Click the above link & read section titled 19th Century starting at… The American George B. Selden filed for a patent on May 8, 1879. His application included not only the engine but its use in a 4-wheeled car. Selden filed a series of amendments to his application which stretched out the legal process, resulting in a delay of 16 years before the.….. Who is important and why? Recognize any names? Look at the pictures on the next slide… Notice the changes over time? What are they? 1875 Siegfried Marcus
  • 8. 1895 Spahr1894 Lewis1899 Jackson 1896 King
  • 9. - Planes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_aviation_% E2%80%93_19th_century Click the above link and scroll to the bottom of the page looking for description of the types of planes available in the 1800’s (19th Century) Who is important and why? Recognize any names? What kind of planes did they have during this Century?http://www.history.com/videos/wright-brothers Now click the WRIGHT BROTHERS link here or at the bottom of the Wikipedia page.
  • 10. http://www.history.com/videos/wright-brothershttp://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1342.htm - Wright Brothers Scan through each of these areas below and note a few important points: 1 Childhood 2 Early career and research 3 Flights 4 European skepticism 5 Contracts and return to Kitty Hawk 6 Public showing 7 Patent war 8 In business 9 Smithsonian feud 10 Last years 11 Competing claims 12 Ohio–North Carolina rivalry
  • 11. Listen to Radio Broadcast:http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1330.htm- Electric Lightinghttp://www.ies.org/lighting/history/Click the above link and scan the page.Pay close attention to the “First Electric Lamp”, “Gaslight Fixtures”, and the “Spotlight”on Edison.For more on Thomas Edison-http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bledison.htmAnother Website. Great video.http://www.biography.com/people/thomas-edison-9284349
  • 12. - R J ReynoldsRichard Joshua "R.J." Reynolds (1850-1918)As the sixth of 16 children, Richard Joshua Reynolds left his small Virginia town at an early ageto establish his own company. At the age of 25, Reynolds opened a chewing tobaccomanufacturing company in Winston, North Carolina and quickly became a pioneer in theindustry. He anticipated the growth in the smoking tobacco market and developed a line ofpipe tobaccos. In 1913, he introduced Camel, the first American blend cigarette. Hisinnovative branding and marketing strategy set the industry standard.Reynolds was well known for his personal relationship with his employees, most of whom heknew by name. In 1912, he devised an employee stock option and profit-sharing plan thatenabled many employees to gain financial security.Reynolds supported various educational and community service projects including hospitals,churches, higher education and agriculture. By the time of his death in 1918, Reynolds hadrevolutionized the tobacco industry and brought economic development to a large area ofNorth Carolina through his business and philanthropic endeavors.http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/377/entry/Scan the article below and see how he revolutionized thetobacco industry.http://ncpedia.org/r-j-reynolds-tobacco-company
  • 13. - Global Markets… and why do I care?http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~dludden/global1.htmScroll down to the very bottom of the page and begin skimming @ this point-3. The World Empires of Industrial Capitalism, 1750-1950.a. Phase One: the formation of national economiesBasic eighteenth century economic conditions continued well into the nineteenthcentury, until the railway and steam ship began lower transportation costssignificantly, and to create new circuits of capital accumulation that focused on sitesof industrial production in Europe and the US. But important structural changes inthe world economy began in the later decades of the eighteenth century……NOW FOCUS ON THE LAST PART:b. Phase Two: world circuits of industrial capital
  • 14. - Skilled Labor vs. Unskilled Laborhttp://www.ehow.com/print/about_5410206_skilled-labor-vs-unskilled-labor.htmlMake notes on the five short paragraphs on Labor.Glance over these notes:http://www.brtprojects.org/cyberschool/history/ch19/19answers.pdf
  • 15. - Skilled Labor vs. Unskilled Labor
  • 16. Questions to Wrap it upHow did the new forms of technologyaffect the United States’ economy?How has technology changed the qualityof life of people in the USA?