American Revolution Completed Study Guide
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American Revolution Completed Study Guide

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  • 1. The Struggle for Independence & The Revolutionary WarTermsMilitia- military force composed of ordinary citizensLoyalist- Colonists who remained loyal to the Britain during the American Revolutionary WarPatriot- colonists who rebelled against British control during the American RevolutionConflict- a state of open & often prolonged fighting; a battle or warMusket- a muzzle-loaded, smooth bore long gun, fired from the shoulder.Rifle- firearm fired from the shoulder, the barrel that has a groove or pattern cut into the barrel wallsRegulators- NC citizens who took up arms against corrupt colonial officials between 1765 and 1777Revolt/Revolution- change the way a country is governed, usually to a different political system and often using violence or warMinutemen- a highly mobile, rapidly deployed civilian force that allowed the colonies to respond immediately to war threatsContinental Army- first national army created by the 2nd Continental Congress to coordinate efforts of the revolutionRedcoats/Lobsterbacks- soldiers of the British Army because of the red uniforms / derogatory termTyranny- cruel or oppressive rule; arbitrary or unrestrained exercise of power by ruler or governmentContinental Congress- convention of delegates called together from the 13 Colonies that became the governing body of the UnitedStates during the Revolutionary WarPartisan- A fervent, sometimes militant supporter or proponent of a party, cause, faction, person, or ideaBlockade- isolation of an area or city, or harbor by hostile ships or forces in order to prevent the entrance and exit of traffic and commerceTory/Tories- colonial supporters of Britain or the English Crown during the revolution (LOYALIST)Whig- colonial supporters of the revolution (PATRIOTS)pardon - forgiveness of a crime and the cancellation of the relevant penaltyPeopleWashington- first commander-in-chief of the Continental ArmyLafayette- French General that served under Washington in the Revolutionary WarJosiah Martin- last Royal Governor of the Province of North Carolina (1771-1775)Cornwallis- British general who fought against the Americans in many different battles during the Revolutionary WarNathaniel Greene- colonial commander in the south, fought in North CarolinaHessians- 30,000 German Soldiers paid to fight the colonists in the Revolutionary WarTryon- royal governor of NC before the revolution; fought for the British during the warWomen of the Revolution- http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/women_american_revolution/Caswell- rep to continental congress, first non-royal governor of NCJohn Paul Jones- first well-known naval fighter in the American RevolutionOvermountain Men- American frontiersmen from west of the Appalachian Mountains who took part in the AmericanRevolutionary WarDavid Fanning- loyalist leader in NC; pardoned but exiled after the warPlaces EventsLexington & Concord- First battle of the revolution outside of Boston; attempt to secure weapons and powder by theBritishMoore’s Creek- Patriot militia at the battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge in 1776 won the first southern victory of theAmerican Revolution; prevented loyalist forces from joining up with British.Kings Mountain- decisive battle for the Patriot against the Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign; Cornwallis “givesup” on the North Carolina at this point.Gilford Courthouse- Cornwallis loses to Greene and is forced to leave the south and heads to YorktownRamsour’s Mill- Battle of militias; 400 American militia defeated 1,300 Loyalist militiamenSaratoga- victory renewed patriots’ hopes for independence, secured French supportYorktown- Victory for combined forces - patriots and French against Cornwallis. Blockade of ships by sea.Bunker Hill- Early battle siege of Boston, took place mostly on Breeds HillValley Forge- Washington wintered here; food & clothing shortage, sickness rampant, Baron von Steuben
  • 2. The Struggle for Independence & The Revolutionary WarTreaty of Paris- signing marked official end of the war; set boundaries, released debts, restored property and rightsDescribe the contributions of key North Carolina personalities from the Revolutionary War era and access theirinfluence on the outcome of the war.Be able to use the information above to answer this question, as well as information in your notes.Why couldn’t the differences between Britain and the colonies be resolved without going to war?Be able to use the information above to answer this question, as well as information in your notes.Examine the role of North Carolina in the Revolutionary War.Be able to use the information above to answer this question, as well as information in your notes.Examine the reasons for the colonists’ victory over the British, and evaluate the impact of military successes andfailures, the role of foreign interventions, and ongoing political and economic domestic issues.Be able to use the information above to answer this question, as well as information in your notes.Why was the First Continental Congress held? What did they accomplish? The 2nd Continental Congress?1st CC was result of Intolerable Acts- sent complaints to Britain, boycott British products, encourage minutemen militiasin colonies.2nd CC took up where 1st had left off. Created Continental Army, Olive Branch Petition to King George III, began togovern colonies.Why did the British troops march on Lexington? Why are the battles of Lexington and Concord important?Considered 1st Battle of Revolutionary war. Marched on L&C (outside of Boston) to confiscate munitions (weapons) andarrest leaders of the Sons of Liberty (Sam Adams & John Hancock).What was the outcome of the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge?Patriots prevented the Loyalists from joining up forces with the British and taking control of the South. Removed planksfrom bridge and greased it with fat and soap.What were the Halifax Resolves?First in Freedom! NC’s formal document calling for independence from Britain. (3 months before Declaration ofIndependence)Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point in the war? Decisive colonial Victory was turning point.What battles made the British confident they could take North Carolina and Virginia?How did the Battles of Gilford Courthouse and Kings Mountain affect the war?KM- British gave up idea of taking over North Carolina.GCH- Cornwallis gave up on South and headed North to Yorktown by way of Wilmington.Make a list of strengths and weaknesses for both the Colonists and the British. http://www.ushistory.org/us/11a.aspOnly listed some…British Strengths most powerful navy, more men & supplies, professional soldiers, mercenaries -hired soldiersBritish Weaknesses lacked public support, long supply lines, poor leadership, fighting on enemy territoryAmerican Strengths patriotism/ spirit, great leadership, home field advantage, French & Spanish supportAmerican Weaknesses small navy, untrained army, fewer men, food & supply shortages