Scramble  For  Africa
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Scramble For Africa

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Scramble  For  Africa Scramble For Africa Presentation Transcript

  • Scramble for Africa
  • Objectives
    Students will understand that political boundaries are human constructions by groups or individuals in political, economic, or military power
    Students will understand the current political map of Africa is largely a construction of European Imperialism of the late 19th and 20th centuries
    Students will apply their knowledge of African climates, ecosystems, and resources
  • BISMARCK, CHANCELLOR of GERMANYChairman of the ConferenceBERLIN  GERMANY 
  • Committee Delegate:
      The Conference Commission requests your immediate presence in Germany as a delegate to the Berlin Conference. You and your delegation, experts in the areas of economics, geography, ethics, military history, and international negotiations, have been appointed by your government to represent them in this process. Each nation present will be allowed to participate in a three-day review and deliberation to determine the fate of the African Continent.
       Your timely presence in Berlin by 15 November 1884 will allow your country to be heard. As Chairman of the Berlin Conference, I assure you that your task will be difficult, but of supreme importance to the future of Africa, Europe, and the entire world. 
    Otto von BismarckOTTO VON BISMARCKCHANCELLOR of GERMANY
  • Ambassadors will utilize role card, background information on the conference, and maps to determine which parts of Africa that they would like to control and locate them on the map
    Ambassador caucus to determine which country gets which pieces of land
  • The largest part of a Model United Nations conference is accurately playing the role called for by your country assignment, and the delegate who knows this will do well. You must always remember that you are not just an individual, but the acting representative of a sovereign nation. This means that there will be times when you will have to put your individual beliefs and values aside in order to argue for the fundamental national interests of the country you are representing. You should be able to set national priorities on the issues at hand, and be able to distinguish between a policy which can be negotiated for the sake of a greater good, and a position which absolutely cannot be compromised. Delegates must therefore be familiar the geography, history, culture, politics, and alliances of the country they are representing, as well as that country’s general positions on the topics to be discussed.  
  • Important Factors to Consider
    Access to Open Waters
    Land Area and Population
    New Names for Countries
    Mineral Wealth
    Culture
  • Africa – Physical Map
  • Africa – Natural Vegetation
  • Africa – Climate Map
  • Africa – Economic Activity Map
  • Africa – Rivers & Lakes Map
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Africa
    1890
  • Discussion &Reflection Questions
    Compare the simulated & actual political map created by the conference
    Predict reasons for the actual political boundaries
    Why did the US get involved with the conference but no receive or take any land?
    Who was not represented at the conference? Why?
    What challenges did this process create for the indigenous people of Africa?
    Student Written Reflection: What did you learn from this activity? (1 page essay)
  • Germany
    The 1884 Berlin Conference to partition Africa has been called by the German Chancellor, Otto Von Bismark. You are hosting the conference in your capital city. The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization. Germany has some control of coastal southwestern Africa and coastal east Africa. Germany desires to maintain control of these areas.
  • France
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    France has colonial outposts established along the west coast of Africa and extending inland approximately 500 miles east of Lake Chad. French colonial outposts include the cities of Libreville, Conakry, Dakar, and Abidjan.
  • Great Britain
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    Great Britain is most concerned about maintaining control of the Suez Canal (it has been under their control since 1875) and the surrounding territory. The canal connects the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean, Red, and Arabian Seas providing important shipping routes. Great Britain has expanded its control around the canal, throughout Egypt and south into the Sahara to create a buffer zone against French expansion. Great Britain desires holdings from the Cape (southern tip of Africa) to Cairo. British colonial outposts exist in west Africa in the cities of Lagos, Freetown, and Banjul. Great Britain is also in conflict with the Dutch for control of Cape of Africa.
  • Portugal
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    Portugal has the oldest colonial outposts on the continent: on the west coast, southwest coast, and the southeast coast.
     
  • Netherlands/Dutch
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    The Dutch have a long history in the Cape region of Africa dating back to the 1600s. The Dutch are presently struggling for control of the area against the British.
     
  • Belgium
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    Led by King Leopold, the Belgians want access to the mineral and rubber resources of the interior tropical rainforest in the Congo River basin. The Belgians are also interested in the ivory trade (elephant tusks).
  • Spain
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    The Spanish want to maintain a presence on the western coast of Africa. However, the wars for independence in Latin America beginning in the 1820s have left the empire with little monetary funds.
  • Italy
    The goal of the conference is to negotiate and create a process for the partition of Africa into European colonies or spheres of influence. The European powers are interested in gaining access to raw materials and resources for their industrialization.
    Italy desires the Horn of Africa.