India Present Day

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India Present Day

  1. 1. India Present Day
  2. 2. http://www.mapsofworld.com/images/world-countries-flags/india-flag.gif
  3. 3. Government <ul><li>Federal Republic – power is shared between the national government & various state governments (Like the US) </li></ul><ul><li>India is the world’s largest democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Has 28 states and 7 union territories </li></ul><ul><li>Government is based on Britain's parliamentary system (I wonder why? You better know this!) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Executive Branch <ul><li>India has a President & Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>However, main power is held by the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister leads the government & sets policy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India http://www.topnews.in/files/Manmohan-Singh_6.jpg
  6. 6. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council of States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People’s Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Members of both groups are elected by the people </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges appointed by the President & remain in office until they are 65 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Indian Constitution <ul><li>One of the world’s longest & most detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees all citizens basic rights (Like the US Bill of Rights) </li></ul><ul><li>Also states that citizens must: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defend the country when necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote harmony among ethnic & religious groups </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. http://thelangarhall.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/constitution_of_india.jpg
  10. 10. Economy <ul><li>Mixture of traditional & modern </li></ul><ul><li>1970’s – India began moving to a Free Market economy – reducing gov’t control & ownership of industries </li></ul><ul><li>Ranked in the world’s top 10 industrial countries </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Force </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60% Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12% Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>28% Service </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Industries <ul><li>Include: textiles, jewelry, cars, oil products, chemicals, food processing, electronics </li></ul><ul><li>One of the world’s top coal producers </li></ul>
  12. 12. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://newsx.com/files/images/nano_AP.jpg&imgrefurl
  13. 13. Service Industries <ul><li>Outsourcing – hiring workers in other countries to do a set of jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular in India because: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low wages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large #’s of workers who are educated, skilled, & fluent in English </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Outsourcing http://newsx.com/files/images/india-bpo-workers.jpg
  15. 15. Bollywood <ul><li>Movie industry is one of the world’s largest </li></ul>
  16. 16. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_otfwl2zc6Qc/R32nVgesbCI/AAAAAAAADO8/NaiSKLHs4B4/s400/bollywood.jpg
  17. 17. Agriculture (Farming) <ul><li>More than ½ of India’s land is used for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Most farms are small – less than 2.5 acres (Subsistence Agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Leading crops include rice, wheat, cotton, tea, sugarcane, jute </li></ul>
  18. 18. http://internationalagprograms.dasnr.okstate.edu/internationalstudents http://www.export.gov.il/Eng/_Uploads/3849india.jpg
  19. 19. Green Revolution <ul><li>A program begun by the Indian government in the 1970’s to encourage farmers to modernize their methods to produce more food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include greater use of fertilizers, pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(+)Crop yields increased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(-)Pollution </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. http://www.lbsnaa.ernet.in/lbsnaa/research/ccrd/Image4.gif http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://
  21. 21. Population <ul><li>More than 2/3’s live in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Urban areas are very crowded (India has 3 cities larger than New York City) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Daily Life <ul><li>Family life is very important </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed as joining 2 families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged marriages still exists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several generations often live together in the same house </li></ul><ul><li>Housing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural – mud huts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class - houses, high rise apartments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor – Slums – shacks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. http://nimg.sulekha.com/Others/original700/india-daily-life-2009-2-2-7-4-24.jpg
  24. 24. http://nimg.sulekha.com/Others/original700/india-daily-life-2008-11-17-6-3-31.jpg
  25. 25. http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/00423/travel-graphics-200_423813a.jpg
  26. 26. http://z.about.com/d/hinduism/1/0/F/V/14.jpg
  27. 27. http://fotosa.ru/stock_photo/Digital%20Vision/p_2241465.jpg
  28. 28. Challenges <ul><li>Not enough jobs </li></ul><ul><li>25% of population live in poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental challenges </li></ul>

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