India History

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Information about the history of India.

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India History

  1. 1. India History
  2. 2. Harappan Civilization <ul><li>2300 BC to 1700 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Centered around the Indus River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Large, well-planned cities </li></ul><ul><li>Traded with others </li></ul><ul><li>System of writing (we are unable to read it) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Indo-Aryan Civilization <ul><li>1500 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Northern India </li></ul><ul><li>Language was an early form of Sanskrit, which is still used for religious ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Religious beliefs and customs mixed with Indian groups already there (Beginning of Hinduism) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Muslim Kingdom <ul><li>1000 AD- 1200 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Established at Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Gained control over most of northern India </li></ul><ul><li>Became leading center of Islamic art, culture, and science </li></ul><ul><li>Most did not convert to Islam </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mughal Empire (Babur) <ul><li>1500’s </li></ul><ul><li>Founder – Babur “The Tiger” </li></ul><ul><li>Descended from Genghis Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Took over most of northern India </li></ul><ul><li>At his death – land divided between sons </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mughal Empire (Akbar) <ul><li>Akbar (Babur’s grandson) reunited the Mughal Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded into central India </li></ul><ul><li>Akbar reorganized the government and tax system </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mughal Empire (Akbar) <ul><li>Trade flourished as demand for Indian spices and tea grew </li></ul><ul><li>Became rich and powerful </li></ul><ul><li>“Golden Age” of poetry, painting, architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Akbar was tolerant and curious about other religions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mughal Empire Con’t <ul><li>The Empire grew weaker in the 1600’s and 1700’s as revolts drained money </li></ul><ul><li>Taj Mahal built under this Empire </li></ul>
  9. 9. East India Company <ul><li>East India Company, a British trading company, won rights to trade in the Mughal Empire in the 1600’s </li></ul><ul><li>Took control of India during the 1700’s and 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>As the Empire grew weaker the East India Co. expanded its political power and military force </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1850’s the Company controlled more than half of India </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sepoys <ul><li>Indian troops commanded by British officers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Indian Mutiny - 1857 <ul><li>Sepoy Troops revolted and killed British officers and residents </li></ul><ul><li>Violence spread </li></ul><ul><li>British troops sent in </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion was crushed </li></ul>
  12. 12. RESULT of Indian Mutiny <ul><li>British government gained control of India </li></ul><ul><li>India became a British Colony </li></ul>
  13. 13. British Control <ul><li>Brought in the railroad </li></ul><ul><li>Shipped raw materials to England for British factories </li></ul><ul><li>Goods then shipped back to India as a market for British goods </li></ul><ul><li>Indians were treated as second-class citizens </li></ul>
  14. 14. Indian National Congress <ul><li>Created in 1885 </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted fair treatment from British </li></ul>
  15. 15. Nonviolent Protest <ul><li>Led by Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>Finally led to British giving India independence </li></ul><ul><li>In 1947 Britain divided the colony into 2 independent countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India – mostly Hindu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan – mostly Muslim </li></ul></ul>

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