Australia History

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Short description of Australia's history.

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Australia History

  1. 1. Australia
  2. 2. History
  3. 3. First Settlers <ul><li>40,000 years ago, during the Ice Age, people from Southeast Asia traveled to Australia either by land or canoe. </li></ul><ul><li>Several thousand years later when the Ice Age was over, ocean levels rose, and these people were cut off from the rest of the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ice Age Migration https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas.html
  5. 5. Aborigines <ul><li>Those first settlers became known as the Aborigines </li></ul><ul><li>They traveled in small family groups </li></ul><ul><li>No large settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Hunted, gathered plants, hunted for water </li></ul><ul><li>They developed the boomerang – a flat, bent wooden tool that hunters throw to stun prey. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aborigines Con’t <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on the relationship of people to nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They believe that powerful spirits created the land and the role of humans is to care for it </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Aborigines
  8. 8. 1 st European Contact <ul><li>British sailor Captain James Cook made 3 voyages to the area between 1768 & 1779 </li></ul><ul><li>He claimed eastern Australia for Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Produced some of the first fairly accurate maps of the area </li></ul><ul><li>When Cook “discovered” Australia there were about 300,000 Aborigines </li></ul>
  9. 9. Captain Cook www.ms-starship.com/.../images/Captain_Cook.jpg
  10. 10. British Colony <ul><li>Established Australia as a penal colony – a place where convicts are exiled </li></ul><ul><li>This was to help with the overcrowded prisons in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1788 & 1868 around 160,000 prisoners were sent to Australia </li></ul>
  11. 11. www.slq.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0009/9...
  12. 12. No Longer a Penal Colony <ul><li>After 1868, Britain stopped sending convicts </li></ul><ul><li>Free British settlers began immigrating to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>By 1861 the European population was over 1 million </li></ul>
  13. 13. Free Settlers <ul><li>Many were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Ranchers discovered that Australian sheep produced a fine wool </li></ul><ul><li>Wool became a major part of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery of gold in 1851 led to a new rush of settlers </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aborigines vs. British <ul><li>Relationship between the 2 were peaceful at first </li></ul><ul><li>As the number of British rose there were more problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans took more and more land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This led to warfare (British had guns Aborigines fought with spears – Not a fair fight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aborigines had no resistance to European diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By the late 1800’s there were only 80,000 Aborigines left </li></ul>
  15. 15. Independence <ul><li>Australia was granted independence in 1901 </li></ul>

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