Cara fr abs

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European History

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  • Cara fr abs

    1. 1. FranceThe Model of Absolutism
    2. 2. Henry of Navarre
    3. 3. Queen Marie
    4. 4. France 1500’s
    5. 5. The Louvre
    6. 6. Europe after 30 yrsWar Majority lived in countryside, village centered by church or manor Some peasants owned land,livestock Bread staple, pay for mill ( miller)/bake bread (local lords oven) Subsistence existence Crude tech/war/famine/little ice age/
    7. 7. Cont.Industry declines first half of centuryFood prices highwages stagnatedPeasants/urban poor first to sufferPeasants attack convoys carrying grain/baker /woman often take lead in these
    8. 8. Obstacles to increased authority Technology roads/communication Nobles/church/power Cultural linguistic differences lands within kingdoms spoke own language Local power structures
    9. 9. 4 Factors that helped monarchs centralize power Greater taxation Growth of armed forces More efficient bureaucracies Ability to compel obedience from subjects
    10. 10. TextRose Window
    11. 11. France after 30 yr war Ruled by monarchs, regents and cardinals Fights with Spanish Habsburgs until 1659 Peace of Pyrenees extends French territory to at expense of Spain ( Netherlands) Marie Therese of Spain marries Louis
    12. 12. FranceLouis XIII & RichelieuThe Fronde( 1648-53)slingshot Louis XIV 5, Mazarin& Queen Anne ruleas regentsMazarin, foreign not likedTo pay for 30yr war raises taxes, sells
    13. 13. The Fronde Fronde: slingshot; frondeurstreet urchin who threw mud at rich
    14. 14. The FrondeRising Food prices /taxes increase/WarMembers of Parlements want to establishconstitutional monarchy/say in taxesRevolts throughout France -BordeauxQueen Anne & Mazarin want to rescindMagistrates salariesMazarin arrests magistratesQueen Anne young Louis XIV flee Paris
    15. 15. Fronde: second stage Nobility of sword resentful of growing centralization Prince de Conde noble enters into warfare against crown rebellions break out/civil order breaks down 1651 Anne’s regency ends Louis XIV King
    16. 16. Louis XIV
    17. 17. Louis XIV
    18. 18. Louis XIVHumiliated by FrondeDivine Right of Kings/Sun King/ApolloCourt EtiquetteArts/Science/Academie Francais-stilldictates correct usage of French languageAbsolute monarch/still had need tocooperate with nobles
    19. 19. Religious issues still...Louis devoutly catholicJean Bodin”” supreme power unrestrainedby law over citizens and subjects”Bishop Boussette Divine Right of KingsEdict of Nantes- Thought temporaryrevoked Huguenots flee to EnglandDutch Republic, BrandenburgPrussia,NA
    20. 20. Jansenists Followers of Cornelius Jansen resembled English Puritans embraced by nobles of Fronde Need for God’s grace in salvation/original sin Blaise Pascal Provincial Letters defends Jansenists Louis begins enforcing Papal Bulls,
    21. 21. Centralizing power Louis worked long days Louis picked intendents to help in provinces creating an efficient and loyal bureaucracy( bureau-desk or office) Brings parlements under control Rigid etiquette at Versailles-moves seat of
    22. 22. Jean-Baptiste Colbert
    23. 23. Jean Baptiste Colbert Humble beginnings works way up Encourages industry( wool, silk), trade, exploration Trading companies and colonies Aided development of agriculture Regulated quality and quantity of goods. ogranized merchant marine navy

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