Dyslexia

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Dyslexia

  1. 1. Dyslexia Cody Morrison
  2. 2. What is Dyslexia? <ul><li>It is a Specific Learning Disability (SLD) that is neurological in origin </li></ul><ul><li>The most common traits of Dyslexia? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Having difficulties with accurate or fluent word recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having poor spelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having poor decoding abilities </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Dyslexia Stats <ul><li>13-14% of children nationwide have a disability that qualifies under Special Ed. Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Of this percentage, half, or 6-7% have a LD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 85% of that 6-7% have a LD involving reading, or 5.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As many as 15-20 percent of people have some symptoms of dyslexia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Age of onset <ul><li>A person is typically born with dyslexia </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes <ul><li>Exact causes unclear; Scientists are investigating possibilities such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is dyslexia inherited? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Treatments <ul><li>Multi-sensory instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Structured practice with immediate feedback and word correction </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive remediation; Lindamood-Bell, Orton-Gillingham (OG) based programs </li></ul>
  7. 7. Implications for School <ul><li>Dyslexia requires intensive remediation </li></ul><ul><li>Student qualifies for an IEP </li></ul>
  8. 8. Educational Strategies <ul><li>Allow extra time to complete tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance with note-taking </li></ul><ul><li>Allow different forms of testing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Research <ul><li>Attempting to discover the biological and genetic bases of learning disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>An increased understanding of the processes behind it is needed </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assistive Technology <ul><li>Audiobooks </li></ul><ul><li>Books on Tape </li></ul><ul><li>Text-to-Speech programs (Kurzweil) </li></ul><ul><li>Speech-to-Text programs (Dragon) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Long Term Prognosis <ul><li>Can be remediated but never cured </li></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>http://www.interdys.org/ewebeditpro5/upload/Definition.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.interdys.org/ewebeditpro5/upload/BasicsFactSheet.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.interdys.org/ewebeditpro5/upload/TestingandEvaluation.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.interdys.org/ewebeditpro5/upload/MSLTeaching.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dyslexia/DS00224/DSECTION=causes </li></ul>

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