My Community By: Carmie KuaLesson Overview:The students will be introduced to the concept of community including those people/places thatmake up their local community. They will also be exposed to three maps of the local areadetailing the locations of the Police Station, Library, and Fire Station. Over the course of threeweeks, the students will walk to the Police Station, Library, and Fire Station. The teacher willdiscuss in great detail the routes that they will take on each field trip. At the conclusion of eachfieldtrip, the students will make their own map of the route taken to get to each destination.After the third field trip, the students will be asked to make a map detailing all three routes witheach destination labeled. The purpose of this lesson is to enlarge the students understanding ofthe importance of each person in the community as well as deepening their understanding of thelocations of various places in the community. Part 1: Preparation and GoalsNumber of Leaders: 1 classroom teacher, 5 parent volunteersGrade of Student Participants: KindergartenNumber of Sessions: 3Length of each Session: 2 hoursMaterials:1. Map of the La Quinta area detailing the Library, Police Station, and Fire Station.2. Pictures of the Library, Police Station, Fire Station.California State Standards in History-Social Science (Geography):K.3 Students match simple descriptions of work that people do and the names of relatedjobs at the school, in the local community, and from historical accounts.K.4 Students compare and contrast the locations of people, places, and environments anddescribe their characteristics. 1. Determine the relative locations of objects using the terms near/far, left/right, and behind/in front.
4. Construct maps and models of neighborhoods, incorporating such structures as police and fire stations, airports, banks, hospitals, supermarkets, harbors, schools, homes, places of worship, and transportation lines.National Geography Standards:The World in Spatial Terms 2. How to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments.Places and Regions 4. The physical and human characteristics of places.Student Objectives:The students will gain understanding of the concept of community. They will be brainstorm onthe people and places found in their local community. The students will gain a deeperunderstanding of maps and their usefulness. They will be exposed to three maps of the localcommunity detailing the local Police Station, Library, and Fire Station. The students will also beexposed to a compass and will briefly discuss direction. The students will also enlarge theirmental maps of their local community by constructing three maps of the community over thecourse of three weeks. The students will gain added appreciation for the people in their localcommunity. Part 2: LESSON PLANAnticipatory Set:In order for this lesson to be most effective, the teacher should have explained and demonstratedin great detail the concept of maps. At this point, the children should be very comfortable withbeing able to understand the information on simple maps. The teacher will also need to touch onthe idea of a compass and discuss direction briefly with the students. The teacher should alsohave previously had the students construct a map of their room and even their home. The weekpreceding the first fieldtrip will be needed to mentally prepare the students for their outings. Shewill show the students three different maps of the La Quinta area detailing the route from theschool to the Library, Police Station, and Fire Station. She will discuss the walking directionsand explain in great detail each route. The teacher will be mindful to use the terms near/far,left/right, and behind/in front when describing the routes. The teacher will also show the
children each route using the satellite view on Google maps. She will also continuously remindthe students that after each fieldtrip, they will make their own map of detailing the route.Additionally, the teacher will have discussed the different places that make up a community.She will let the children express their ideas on the places that make up their local community. Ifneeded, she will guide the discussion by suggesting places in the community such as; theLibrary, Police Station, and Fire Station. The teacher will also discuss the importance of eachmember of the community including various jobs. She will remind the students that they will allhave the opportunity to meet a Librarian, Police Officer, and Fireman.Central Activity:The first fieldtrip will be walking to the Police Station. The day of the fieldtrip the teacher willplace the students in groups of five and assign them to a parent volunteer. The teacher willremind the students that Police Officers are a very important part of the community and that theywill have the opportunity to actually meet one. She will remind the students to be respectful andto follow directions during the walk to the Police Station. She will go over the route again withthe children to ensure that they are very familiar with the route. She will also remind them tostay with their group and parent volunteer, especially when crossing the street. She will remindthe students that their homework will be to construct a map showing the route they took to thePolice Station. The class will walk to the Police Station and the teacher will talk to the studentsthe entire way detailing the route. For example, she will tell the students that they are headingeast on Calle Tampico and when they get to the stoplight, she will mention that they are headingsouth on Avenida Bermudas. She will point out that they are passing Village Gas Station, andthe Post Office. Once the class arrives, a local Police Officer will explain his duties and turn asiren on for the children to hear. The officer will also allow the children to sit on a Policemotorcycle. The children will then return to school to eat lunch.Closing:The teacher will thank the students for being respectful and following directions. She will askthe students if they enjoyed their walk and if there was anything unexpected. She will ask thechildren what they learned by visiting the Police Station and will remind them of the importanceof Police Officers in the community. The teacher will then instruct the students to make a mapof their route for homework.Central Activity (Session Two):The second fieldtrip will be to the La Quinta Public Library. The teacher will follow the sameprocedure as the first in discussing the importance of the Librarian as well as reminding thestudents to be respectful and follow directions. The students will again be placed into six groups(5 students per group) and assigned to a parent volunteer. The teacher will also discuss the routeto the library and remind the students to stay in their respective groups. During the walk to the
library, the teacher will again use descriptive language to describe the route including directionand landmarks. While at the library, the Liberian will give the students a brief tour and then thechildren will attend a story time reading. The students will then return to school.Closing (Session Two):This will also be much like the first. The teacher will thank the students for being respectful andfollowing directions. She will allow the students to discuss the fieldtrip including anything newthey learned. The teacher will again discuss the importance of the librarian in the communityand remind them to make a map of their route for homework.Central Activity (Session Three):The day of the fieldtrip, the students will again be placed into groups of five and assigned to aparent volunteer. The teacher will again discuss proper manners and the importance of stayingwith their parent volunteer. The teacher will review the route to the fire station and will usedescriptive language the entire route describing the direction and street names they are crossing.The teacher will also highlight the familiar places they will pass such as Ace Hardware, VillageGas Station, the Post Office, the Police Station, and Fritz Burns Park. Once at the Fire Station,the children will be taken on a brief tour by a local Fireman. He will discuss the duties of afireman and show the children the gear a fireman must wear when getting ready to fight fire.They will also be able to view a fire truck and learn about all the compartments that hold thenecessary items to extinguish fire. The students will then return to school.Closing (Session Three):The teacher will again thank the students for their participation and for following directions. Shewill again allow the students to discuss what they learned and their favorite part of the trip. Theteacher will also discuss the importance of Firemen in the community. She will tell the studentsthat their homework is to make a map of their route to the fire station.Follow Up:The week following the last field trip, the teacher will briefly discuss all three field trips andhave the students make a map showing all three locations visited.