Greek And Roman Heroes
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Greek And Roman Heroes



Student presentation on mythology of Greek & Roman Heroes

Student presentation on mythology of Greek & Roman Heroes



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Greek And Roman Heroes Greek And Roman Heroes Presentation Transcript

  • Greek and Roman Heroes By Joe A., Katie H., Sarah D., Patrick T., and Ben B.
  • Achilles
      • Achilles was born to a titan Nereid Thetis and to a mortal man
      • She dunked him in the Styx river which made him invincible except for his heel which she held him by
      • His purpose in society is to protect the Greeks which he did against Troy in the Trojan War
      • He was a great influence to the armies he lead and the armies he destroyed because he was indestructible
  • Achilles
      • He was a symbol to humankind because even someone who is so strong can be destroyed and has a weakness
      • Achilles ended up dying when he was shot in his heel by a bow and arrow
      • This muscle even today is known as the achilles tendon
      • I don’t think he would relate to a catholic saint because God wouldn’t make a human indestructible
  • Twelve tasks of Hercules
    •      hurcules is his roman name and huracles is his greek name his parents were Zues and a mortal women which made zueses queen mad so she put two snakes in his crib but he stramgled them one in each hand.
    •      At one point hurcules killed both of his children he was punished for this and was given twelve tasks he needed to complete.
    •      1.he had to kill some superhuman lion that was more like a monster, he did it with his bear hands the wore the like as like a cape/helmet. 2.kill hydra so he and his uncle went and found it then hercules would cut its head off then his uncle would stuff flames down her neck so two more heads would not emerge. 3.his 3rd task was to capture a crazy fast deer with golden horns but he didnt want to hurt it because it was sacred to the geddoss of the hunt so he chased for years and finally pinned it againts a river and then carefullky aimed his bow and shot between its legs pinning it to the ground with out drawing blood!
  • Twelve tasks continued...
    • 4 . Hurcules went to arcadia and had to bring a huge boar back alive While tracking it down he stopped to visit the centaur Pholus. This creature half-horse, half-man was examining one of the hero's arrows when he accidentally dropped it on his foot. Because it had been soaked in poisonous Hydra venom, Pholus succumbed immediately. Heracles finally found the boar on Mount Erymanthus and managed to drive it into a snowbank, immobilizing it. Flinging it up onto his shoulder, he carried it back to Eurystheus, who cowered like before in his jar 5. Heracles was to clean out the stables of King Augeas in a single day. Augeas possessed vast herds of cattle which had deposited their manure in such quantity over the years that a thick aroma hung over the entire Peloponnesus. Instead of employing a shovel and a basket as Eurystheus imagined, Heracles diverted two rivers through the stableyard and got the job done without getting dirty. But because he had demanded payment of Augeas, Eurystheus refused to count this as a Labor.
    • 6 . This labor pitted Heracles against the Stymphalian birds, who inhabited a marsh near Lake Stymphalus in Arcadia. The sources differ as to whether these birds feasted on human flesh, killed men by shooting them with feathers of brass or merely constituted a nuisance because of their number. Heracles could not approach the birds to fight them - the ground was too swampy to bear his weight and too mucky to wade through. Finally he resorted to some castanets given to him by the goddess Athena. By making a racket with these, he caused the birds to take wing. And once they were in the air, he brought them down by the dozens with his arrows. 7.Queen Pasiphae of Crete had been inspired by a vengeful god to fall in love with a bull, with the result that the Minotaur was born -- a monster half-man and half-bull that haunted the Labyrinth of King Minos. Pasiphae's husband was understandably eager to be rid of the bull, which was also ravaging the Cretan countryside, so Hercules was assigned the task as his seventh Labor. Although the beast belched flames, the hero overpowered it and shipped it back to the mainland. It ended up near Athens, where it became the duty of another hero, Theseus, to deal with it once more.
    Twelve tasks continued...
  • Twelves tasks continued
    • 8.  Heracles was instructed to bring Eurystheus the mares of Diomedes. These horses dined on the flesh of travelers who made the mistake of accepting Diomedes' hospitality. In one version of the myth, Heracles pacified the beasts by feeding them their own master. In another, they satisfied their appetites on the hero's squire, a young man named Abderus. In any case, Heracles soon rounded them up and herded them down to sea, where he embarked them for Tiryns. Once he had shown them to Eurystheus, he released them. They were eventually eaten by wild animals on Mount Olympus. 9. Heracles was instructed to bring the hellhound Cerberus up from Hades, the kingdom of the dead. The first barrier to the soul's journey beyond the grave was the most famous river of the Underworld, the Styx. Here the newly dead congregated as insubstantial shades, mere wraiths of their former selves, awaiting passage in the ferryboat of Charon the Boatman. Charon wouldn't take anyone across unless they met two conditions. Firstly, they had to pay a bribe in the form of a coin under the corpse's tongue. And secondly, they had to be dead. Heracles met neither condition, a circumstance which aggravated Charon's natural grouchiness. But Heracles simply glowered so fiercely that Charon meekly conveyed him across the Styx. The greater challenge was Cerberus, who had razor teeth, three (or maybe fifty) heads, a venomous snake for a tail and another swarm of snakes growing out of his back. These lashed at Heracles while Cerberus lunged for a purchase on his throat. Fortunately, the hero was wearing his trusty lion's skin, which was impenetrable by anything short of a thunderbolt from Zeus. Heracles eventually choked Cerberus into submission and dragged him to Tiryns, where he received due credit for this final Labor.
  • Jason
      • Jason  was born to the king of Iolcus but his Uncle Pelias overthrew him and his mom pretended he was dead and sent him away so we wouldn't be killed
      •   After falling in favor of the Goddess Hera he went back to take the throne but on his way he lost his sandal
      • His uncle set him to find the golden fleece knowing that Jason probably wouldn't return from this journey
      • He rounded up some other heros called Argonauts and they sailed away on a boat made by Hera
      • On their way they encountered many perils including crashing rocks and a dragon gaurding the fleece
      • With a sorceress they met, Medea, Jason defeated the dragon with a potion and went back to take his throne back   
  • Jason (Continued)
      • When they returned Jason's parents were killed so Jason boiled Pelias to death
      • Jason and Medea were married and had two kids
      • Jason left Medea and married a Corinth princess
      • He finally died at a ripe old age
      •   He influenced many people in Greece by his bravery and his courage
      • He is a symbol for overcoming the impossible
      •   I think he would relate to the Israelites escaping from Egypt because they met many burdens on their way to the promise land which is like the golden fleece
  • Odysseus-Life before the Trojan War
      • His father was Laertes, King of Ithica, and Anticleia
      • Odysseus was the ruler of Ithica before the Trojan war.
      • He was not exactly a suitor of Helen, but he was more into her cousin, Penelope
      • He married Penelope and she bore him a son
      • As a suitor of Helen he had to fulfill his oath that he would defend the interests of the person Helen chose to marry, which was Menelaus
      • He had to go to Troy for the Trojan war
      • He tried to avoid this by acting insane, but he was found out and sent to Troy
  • Odysseus-Life during the Trojan War
      • Odysseus had to go to Troy
      • He was a heroic fighter and leader
      • He brought 12 ships from Ithica to aid in the ten year battle
      •   He convinced Achilles to join the war
      • He killed Palemedes, the man who forced him to join the war
      •   Even though Odysseus was injured he continued to fight relentlessly
      •   After Achilles death Odysseus came up with the Trojan horse
      • They built a giant horse and hid in it, after it was brought into the city they came out of it and opened the gates storming the city, Troy fell
  • The Odyssey
      • After the Odyssey Odysseus went to travel home
      • He had been gone for ten years
      • Odysseus' ships survived a massive storm sent by Poseiden that destroyed most of the Greek fleet
      • The first island Odysseus cam upon was the Lotus eaters
      • When some of his men ate Lotus, they forgot everything except Lotus, Oddyseus had to drag them to his ship
      •   Next, Odysseus came upon the cyclops, which Odysseus blinded in order to escape, incuring Poseiden's wrath
      • Odysseus also ran into a city of giants and the keeper of win
  • The Odyssey
      • Odysseus then came to Circe, who turned his men into pigs, then back to men
      • Odysseus had to visit the underworld to find how to get back home
      • Odysseus then encountered the sirens, who he passed by safely
      • He then ran into Scylla and Charybdis, a monster and a whirlpool
      • He escaped, only to be driven back in a storm
      • Everyone but him was sucked into the whirlpool, only Odysseus survived
      • Athena acted upon Odyseus' behalf, allowing him to come home 20 years after he left
      • He, Penelope, and Telemachus (son) were back together again
  • Odysseus
      • Odysseus was the son of two humans, his grandfather was Hermes
      • Odysseus was created to help win the Trojan war, and to show that those blessed by Gods could overcome about anything
      • Odysseus' purpose was a ruler of a kingdom and a military leader
      • He had great influence among humans since he was a born leader, clever, intelligent, and courageous
      • Odysseus signified perseverence, he should've died a whole mess of times and didn't 
      • He would've been affective at influencing behavoir, he was a charismatic guy with a sword
      • He would probably equate to St. Paul and the prodigal son
      • St. Paul traveled around a lot helping people, he also sailed
      • Odyseus travelled around a lot sailing, sometimes helping hostile people
      • He is also the prodigal son because he was though dead but came back alive
  • Perseus
      • Perseus was the son of Danae, a human, and Zeus, who was a god
      • He was created when Danae was locked up in a tower; Zeus got in, disguised as a shower of gold, with the result that Perseus was born
      • Perseus was killed by Dionysus.
      • Perseus and Andromeda (the princess he saved) were put up in the sky as constellations.
  • Perseus
      • With the help of the gods, Perseus first obtained an invisible helm, magical sword, and winged sandals. He then stole the single eye of the Graiai, three ancient hags, who told him where to find the Gorgones. He approached the sleeping Medousa, and beheaded her while looking at her reflection in a mirror, to avoid turning into stone. He was on his way back to Greece, when he spied the princess Andromeda chained to the rocks as a sacrifice to a sea-monster. Perseus pulled out Medusa’s head and turned the monster to stone, and rescued the girl, bringing her back to Greece as his bride.
  • Theseus
      • Theseus was born to Posidon a god and to a human princess. He also had a dad named Aegeus
      • Theseus was created to kill the minotaur and to kill a bunch of bad guys along the way to Athens.
      • Theseus killed them by using what they did to others to kill them
      • He was a hero of Athens and later in life a king
  • Theseus and the Minotaur
      • Theseus went to kill the Minotaur on the island of Crete he told his father he would put white flags up if he survived.
      • When he got to Crete the king's daughter Ariadne, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of thread that never ended to use in the maze. Theseus then went and killed the minotaur.
      •   He then left the island with Ariadne and sailed to an island called Naxos were Ariadne fell asleep and Theseus left her.
      •   Theseus then sailed to Athens but he forgot to change sails so his dad thought he was dead and his dad jumped into the sea giving it its name the Aegean Sea.
  • Theseus
      • Theseus' influence on humans was by being a leader, showing and giving respect, and being kind.
      • It would sometimes be effecive for infleuncing human behavior because him being forgetful caused his dad to kill himself, but he was also part of many Greek stories meaning he was important to the Greeks.
      •   I think Theseus equates to Peter because they both did a lot of traveling, were well liked, and were both killed by an evil king.