Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
8th Grade Grammar Review Mech Caps,Abbrev,Punc
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

8th Grade Grammar Review Mech Caps,Abbrev,Punc

1,981

Published on

grammar, English, middle school, mechanics

grammar, English, middle school, mechanics

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,981
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
63
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 8 th Grade Grammar Review Mechanics
  • 2. Mechanics
    • Capital rules
    • First word in a sentence
    • First word in dialogue (inside quotes)
    • Proper nouns & adjectives
    • Title of people & things (except prepositions and conjunctions)
    • Abbreviations
    • Always use all caps and periods (where necessary)
      • Titles of people, time and historical dates, geographical names, measurements
    • Punctuation
    • End marks
      • Period
      • Exclamation point
      • Question mark
    • (All end marks are placed INSIDE of quotations; quotes finish off)
    • Connectors
      • Commas used with conjunctions
      • Semicolons ( NEVER use a conjunction with a semicolon)
    • Others
      • Commas
      • Colon
      • Quotation marks
      • Hyphen
      • Apostrophe
  • 3. Capitals
    • First word in a sentence
      • Ex: There were many flavors of ice cream. I like them all.
    • First word in dialogue ( inside quotation marks)
      • Ex: Jim shouted, “What did you say?”
    • All proper nouns & adjectives
      • Ex: CeCe and Jim went to the Science Center of Iowa . (CeCe and Jim are people; SCI is a place)
    • Title of people & things (except prepositions); only capitalize titles in direct address (except government officials; they are always capitalized)
      • Ex: Mr. Swensen was *president of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) . ( Mr. is title, Swensen is proper noun, ASPCA are all the non-preposition or conjunction words) *president is his position in this case, not his title
      • Uncle Harold and Aunt Mary live in Arizona. She is my *aunt. ( Uncle Harold and Aunt Mary are directly addressed; titles after possessive pronouns are NEVER capitalized
  • 4. Abbreviations
    • Always use all caps and periods (where necessary)
    • Titles of people
      • Ex: Mrs. Mr. Ms. Dr. Fr. Bro. Sr. Mme.
    • Time and historical dates
      • Ex: A.M./a.m. P.M./p.m. B.C.E. A.D.
    • Geographical names
      • Ex: (mailing addresses) Ave. Rd. St. P.O. Box
      • Ex: (states/districts) Ia. / IA D.C. B.C.
      • Ex: (countries) U.S.A.
    • Measurements (must be with number in order to use the abbreviation)
      • Ex: in. (inches) yd. (yards) c. (cups) gal. (gallon)
      • * METRIC measurements use NO PERIODS
        • L (liters) C (Celsius) kg (kilograms) m (meters) cm (centimeters)
  • 5. Punctuation
    • End marks
    • Complete a statement; exclamation point may end a non-sentence as well (interjection) & question mark is ONLY used to answer questions.
      • Period
        • Ex: Our dog is Moose. “Yes,” she said, “we want that one.”
      • Exclamation point
        • Ex: You did not! “Holy Cats!”
      • Question mark
        • Ex: “Are you sure?” he asked. Where are we?
    • * All end marks are placed INSIDE of quotations; end quotes are ALWAYS last
    • Connectors
    • Commas used with conjunctions
      • Ex: Marcie was right , but she didn’t rub it in.
    • Semicolons ( NEVER use a conjunction with a semicolon)
      • Ex: Kaylee’s favorite subject is math; Jake’s is history.
      • Ex: We carried in all our food; there are not supply stops out on the trail.
      • * Use of a semicolon shows higher writing skills; this is looked for in testing
  • 6. Punctuation
    • Others - comma
    • Commas in a listing:
      • Ex. Kelly, Josh, and Hank went on the trip.
    • Appositives (non-essential information about the subject or object; separated for clarity)
      • Ex: Tony , our best player, had just fouled out.
    • Dates and places
    • Ex: January 31, 2009 Des Moines, IA
    • Others – colon
    • Used to set off lists
      • Ex: I still need to pack: clothes, books, and my laptop.
    • End a salutation in business letters
      • Ex: Dear sir:
    • Writing time
      • Ex: We have practice from 4:30 – 6:00 tonight.
  • 7. Punctuation
    • Others – quotation marks
    • Always in direct quotes; should be first and last items written around spoken words.
      • Ex: “We did it !” they hollered.
    • Split quotes should end first item with a comma and the last item with an end mark
      • Ex: “Nate,” she called, “Could you let the dog out before you leave?”
    • In references: short stories, articles, episode of TV show, title of song, chapter of book, visual aid.
      • Ex: I enjoyed “Shame” in Boom! By Tom Brokaw. (“Shame” is title of chapter; Boom! is title of book)
    • Underlined in references: title of book, title of play, name of TV show, name of journal / magazine, title of website.
      • Ex: I used Education Today , TIME , and The Greatest Generation and History.com as references in my research paper.
  • 8. Punctuation
    • Others – hyphen
    • Within written numbers / fractions
      • Ex: seventy-five three-fifths
    • Compound nouns
      • Ex: great-grandmother sister-in-law
    • Dividing words in writing: split on the syllable
      • Ex: We are in mid-dle school
    • * With formal writing, DO NOT use hyphens in place of commas
    • Others – apostrophe
    • Possessives all end in “ ‘s” (EXCEPT its); if the word ends in “s”, you only need to add an apostrophe after that “s”
      • Ex: Colleen’s book boys’ shoes Kris’ sled its side
    • Contractions: apostrophe shows where letters were removed to combine words
      • Ex: They’re going to town. It’s my party. I’ll take that bet.
    • Pluralizing letters, numbers, and symbols
      • Ex: You need to roll your r’s in Spanish.

×