Analyzing the Hawaiian Culture Connor Milliken Professor GeoffroyCross-Cultural Psychology May 2, 2012
Overview• Brief History• Hawaiian Culture Defined• The “Aloha Spirit”• Speaking Hawaiian• Traditions• Biases & Stereotypes• Human Development• Thinking Approach
Brief History• 1,500 Years Ago, – Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands first set foot on Hawaiis Big Island. With only the stars to guide them, they sailed over 2000 miles in canoes to migrate to the islands.• 500 Years Later – Settlers from Tahiti arrived, bringing their beliefs in gods.• 1778 – Captain James Cook (British Explorer) landed on Kauai. Cook opened up western travel to the islands.• 1810 – King Kamehameha unified all of the Hawaiian Islands into one royal kingdom.• 1820 – First Protestant missionaries arrived on Hawaii’s Big Island, western culture expanded on the islands.• 1893 – American Colonists who controlled much of Hawaiis economy, overthrew the Hawaiian Kingdom.• 1898 – Hawaii became a territory of the United States.• 1941 – Japanese launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on Oahu. Four years later, Japan surrendered.• 1959 – Hawaii became the 50th State of the United States.
Hawaiian Culture Defined (The Skin)• Behavior – Laid Back “Aloha Spirit” and very down to Earth• Clothes – Flip-flops, shorts, and Tees (includes tacky Hawaiian Shirts) – Traditional Hawaii; Grass Skirt, Coconut Bra, and Flower Lei• Food – Mostly Seafood (Rare Fish) and Meat (Famous Pig Roast)• Language – Hawaiian and English• Housing – Typical Housing in America – Traditional Hawaii; Polynesian
The “Aloha Spirit” (Cultural Norms – The Pulp)• Cultural Attitude & Emotion – Aloha is said to be the coordination of mind and heart within each person; it brings each person to the self; each person must think and emote good feelings toward others – The Aloha Spirit is a large component of Native Hawaiian culture – Removing your shoes when entering a home is common – Islanders pride themselves on their laid-back manner – People slow down and enjoy life – Car horns are used to greet friends in Hawaii – Problems are let go and forgotten
Speaking Hawaiian• Hello/Goodbye • Turtle – “Aloha” – “Honu”• Thank You • I Love You – “Mahalo” – “Aloha Au Ia ʻOe”• Sorry/Excuse Me • Till We Meet Again – “E kala mai iaʻu!” – “A hui hou”• Please • Your Welcome – “Hōʻolu” – “ ’A ‘ole pilikia”• How Are You? • Yes – “Pehea ʻoe?” – “ ’Ae”• Take Care • No – “Malama Pono” – “aole”
Traditions• Flower Lei • Legends and Beliefs – A lei should be offered graciously – Ancient Hawaiians were known to with a kiss and removed only in be storytellers. Legends were a way private of documenting history, – Its considered rude to remove a lei knowledge, facts and beliefs from once its accepted generation to generation• Hula – Some Legends: • Maui: Demi God/Pulled Island from Sea – Hula represents the spirit of Hawaii • Pele: Goddess of Fire/Volcanoes through graceful movements and • Kumulipo: Creator of Hawaiian Islands captivating music – Rain and Rainbows are considered – Hawaiians actually believe that the blessings from the Gods first hula was performed by a god – Causes of Bad Luck or Bad Omens or goddess • Wearing a lei while pregnant – The dance is considered more as a • Taking rocks from the islands sacred ritual than as a form of • Festivals entertainment – Merrie Monarch Hula Festival – Two types of Hula: (1) Hula Kahiko, – Aloha Festival and (2) Hula Auana – Lei Day
Human Development (The Core)• Collectivist vs. Individualistic – Hawaiian culture is based on the assumptions of a collectivist society where the groups goals hold more importance than those of the individual. Relationships are the core to Hawaiian values. In particular, the relationship of the individual to the family, the community, the land, and the spiritual world is emphasized. The ʻOhanaʻ (family) is the fundamental unit in Hawaiian culture.
Human Development (cont.) (The Core)• Life Milestones – All milestones are celebrated with a Luau to respect the elder Hawaiian culture. Most milestones that we celebrate are also celebrated by Hawaiians. • Birthdays • Graduations • Weddings
Thinking Approach (The Core)• Illness Treatments – A person with a disability can substantially inﬂuence the amount of support or the acceptance that a person receives from family and friends; and how much that person matches the common social identity.• Western vs. Eastern – Todays Culture: Western – Culture Before Migration: Eastern
Summary• Brief History• Hawaiian Culture Defined• The “Aloha Spirit”• Speaking Hawaiian• Traditions• Biases & Stereotypes• Human Development• Thinking Approach
Side-Note for Professor• Hey Professor, I just wanted to write this little note to thank you for awonderful class experience. I have taken several online classesand have truly felt that this class has given me a differentoutlook on life and will benefit me in my life journey. Yourlessons showed me that there is more to life than whatpeople may think and that we must accept each otherculturally because even though we may come from separatecultures, we all have many ideals in common that bring us alltogether. I feel touched to have been able to learn from you asa student. Thank you so much for this wonderful experience, Ihope to take another class with you before I graduate (hopefullyin class too), and will hopefully meet you too! Thank You!!