Athens sparta
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Athens sparta Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CITY-STATES City-States are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. City-States were geographically formed by mountains and valleys The two most famous Greek city-states were Athens and Sparta
  • 2. ATHENS Athenians thought that having a strong mind was equally as important as being physically strong Athens was an important trading center. (it is located 4 miles from the coast)
  • 3. ATHENS (CONTINUED) Athenian boys began school when they were six years old boys were taught reading, writing, music and history. a boy became a citizen in Athens when he was eighteen. (he was expected to know all the laws) After a boy became a citizen he spent the next two years in the army
  • 4. ATHENS (CONTINUED) Athens had the first democratic government. (everyone had a voice in their government) Athens had many famous philosophers that included Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
  • 5. SPARTA Sparta was Athens’ rival city-state. Sparta valued strength, deceit of an enemy and fearlessness about death Sparta’s power came from its tough and professional army
  • 6. SPARTA (CONTINUED) Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy (small ruling group) of rich families. Spartans valued order and discipline. Dominated Greece from 600 B.C.to 371 B.C.
  • 7. SPARTA (CONTINUED) Newborn babies were inspected to see if they were strong enough to be a Spartan Boys at the age of seven left their family to begin military training Spartan boys were whipped if they made a mistake. They were supposed to show no sign of pain while being whipped.
  • 8. SPARTA (CONTINUED) Spartan boys had only a basic education. They were instructed in reading and writing. Men became full citizens at the age of 30. Then they could hold office or vote. All Spartan men ate their meals with the army; not with their families .
  • 9. SPARTA (CONTINUED) Spartan women’s job was to have strong healthy babies. Spartan girls were just as athletic as the boys. They learned how to wrestle, throw a javelin and they exercised daily. Spartan women could own their own land, run their households and conduct business.
  • 10. SPARTA (CONTINUED) Spartan men were not allowed to do any manual labor outside of their job as soldiers. Slaves were used to do the manual labor. Spartans were expected to fight to the death. Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431 to 404 B.C.) Sparta’s dominance only lasted until 371 B.C. when it was defeated by the city-state of Thebes.