Ancient Greece VocabularyParthenon— symbol of Ancient Greece. It was a temple to Athena. Athenians believed that the Parthenon (the temple to Athena)provided protection for their city- stateAcropolis– fortress located in the center of most city-states. A place that provided Greeks with protection, a place to worship and a place to socialize (gather).
Ancient Greece VocabularyCity-State--are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. Many city- states were geographically formed by rugged mountains and isolated valleysAthens– city-state located in eastern Greece. Famous for its focus on education, literature, government and art
Ancient Greece VocabularySparta– rival city-state of Athens. Famous for its focus on its militaryHellenistic –”Greek-like” Historians refer to blended cultures (cultures that have aspects of Greek influence) as Hellenistic.
Ancient Greece VocabularyGolden Age— a period in a society’s history marked by great achievement. In Greece it was a time when Greek thinkers, artists and writers contributed many new ideas to the world.Pericles—most famous leader in all Athenian history. He encouraged Athenians by supporting education, art, literature and architecture
Ancient Greece VocabularyAlexander the Great— a ruler who united all of Greece.Direct Democracy— A system of government in which the people participate directly in decision making.
Ancient Greece VocabularyThe following columns were created by the Greeks and are still used in architecture today.Doric Column--a Greek-style column with only a simple decoration around the top
Ancient Greece VocabularyIonic Column--a Greek-style column topped by a single scroll just below the top
Ancient Greece VocabularyCorinthian Column-- a Greek-style column topped by bag of curlicues, scrolls and other lavish decoration.
Ancient Greece VocabularyMythology--is the body of stories and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes. These stories were about the nature of the world.
Ancient Greece VocabularyMonotheism--belief in a single GodPolytheism—belief in multiple (many) gods