Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations and the Management of Resource


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On 12 May 2011 the Bath Branch held a lively meeting at the Bath Spa Hotel at which Simon Drury, representing WRAP (Waste & Resources Action Programme), gave a presentation on the Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment Regulations (WEEE). Simon's presentation really engaged with the members present and a lively evening was finished off with a practical demonstartion as participants were invited to dismantle common household items (and electric kettle and a desktop fan) to try to see how their design could be imporved to make their eventual recycling easier and more complete.

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Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations and the Management of Resource

  1. 1. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations  l i l d l i i l iand the Management of Resource  Simon Drury Strategic Partnerships Manager WRAP
  2. 2. Introduction to WRAP – Waste & Resources Action Programme WRAP helps businesses and individuals reap the benefits of reducing waste, developing  sustainable products and using resources in an efficient way.  p g y Our three targets for 2008‐2011 are:  8 million tonnes less waste to landfill. 5 million tonnes of CO2 emissions saved. £1.1 billion of economic benefits.
  3. 3. The Resource Efficiency Loop
  4. 4. Environmental legislation A small sample pEnvironmental Protection Act Oil Storage RegulationsEnvironment Act  Household Waste Recycling Act gLandfill Regulations Anti Pollution Works  Anti Pollution Works RegulationsWater Resources Act End of Life Vehicles RegulationsWater Industries ActWater Industries Act Environmental Information Groundwater Regulations RegulationsContaminated Land RegimeC t i t dL dR i Waste and Emissions Trading ActLandfill Regulations Hazardous Waste RegulationsEnvironmental Impact The Clean Neighbourhoods and              Assessment Regulations Environment Act
  5. 5. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  Regulations 2006 (amended)  Regulations 2006 (amended)
  6. 6. Why is WEEE important? y s po ta t 1.5m tonnes of (WEEE) were put onto the market last year. 550,000 tonnes was collected for recycling WEEE is increasing at a rate three times that of averagemunicipal waste growth. The increase of WEEE relates to a number of factors: General increase in use of electronic and electrical equipment. Frequent upgrading of equipment. Relatively high cost of repair compared to the p y g p p purchase of new equipment. q p
  7. 7. Environmental benefits of recycling WEEE? Recent demonstration work has shown a 50% to 75% reduction in emissions from  using recycled WEEE plastics rather than virgin plastics.  It is estimated that only 1% of speciality metals (or ‘rare and precious metals’)  used in electronics are recycled.  Research by the United Nations Environment Programme suggests that microchip  manufacturers use more than 60 of these metals, with demand for indium, for  example, expected to double by 2020.  Recycling these metals is between 2 and 10 times more energy efficient than  smelting the metals form virgin ores (which are also to be found in very few places  on Earth). )
  8. 8. What are the objectives of  the Directive ?The WEEE Directive has 3 main Objectives:1. The prevention of the generation of Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment.2. The drive markets for the reuse, recycling and other forms of recovery of such wastes.3.3 Minimising the environment risks and impacts associated with the treatment and disposal of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment.
  9. 9. Producers“Producer” means any person who, irrespective of selling technique used, including by means of distance communication.1. Manufactures and seller of  their own brand products.2. Re branders some who purchases a product as sells it under 2 Re‐branders some who purchases a product as sells it undertheir own brand name.3. Imports into an EU Member State on a professional basis
  10. 10. Producers have a number of obligations under the Regulations: They must join a Producer Compliance Scheme (PCS) to discharge their obligations.  To Registering as a producer; Reporting data on EEE put on the UK market; Arrange the financing of any costs of collection, treatment, recovery and  disposal of WEEE in line with their notified obligation; 
  11. 11. Producers have a number of obligations under the Regulations: They must ensure the marking of EEE put onto the UK market to assist with its separate collection at the end of its life.They must make information available to treatment facilities in respect of new types of EEE they put on the UK market. 
  12. 12. What is the Regulation?Under the UK WEEE Regulations, the default position for distributors directly supplying new Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) for use by private households is that they are required to offer "in store" take back for all old EEE returned by consumers when they are purchasing new products. This must be free of charge, providing that any such WEEE is of equivalent type to and has fulfilled the of charge providing that any such WEEE is of equivalent type to and has fulfilled thesame function as the supplied equipment. Retailers become exempt from offering in store take back by joining the UK s only Retailers become exempt from offering in‐store take back by joining the UKs onlyWEEE distributor take back scheme (DTS), which in many cases will provide a practical and cost effective alternative.Valpak Retail WEEE Services has been appointed to operate the Distributor Takeback Scheme. Retailers and other distributors that join are required to contribute to a fund that pays local authorities to upgrade civic amenity sites put forward as Designated Collection Facilities.www.valpak.co.uk/weee/
  13. 13. Distributors A distributor, (irrespective of selling technique), for the purposes of the WEEE Regulations is: of the WEEE Regulations is: a retailer of new EEE for use in households; or  A wholesaler of new EEE for use in households.  A wholesaler of new EEE for use in households All distributors selling new EEE for use in households have obligations under the Regulations.  bli i d h R l i to provide a like for like take‐back service to householders  enabling them to return their WEEE free of charge. enabling them to return their WEEE free of charge Enforced is by the VCA . Help for businesses from : http://www.wrap.org.uk/retail_supply_chain/research_to ols/tools/weee_toolkit_guide.html
  14. 14. DistributorsThe WEEE Regulations allow a choice of providing; An “in‐store” take‐back, participating in the Distributor Take‐back Scheme  (DTS),  An alternative system for free take‐back for householders. A lt ti t f f t k b kf h h ld A further obligation placed on distributors is to provide householders with information on the options that are available to them for the free return of information on the options that are available to them for the free return oftheir WEEE and on the environmental benefits resulting from its separate collection.  Information made available to customers must be  retained by distributors for four years. 
  15. 15. Consumers Consumers have no legal obligations under the Regulations. They are encouraged to play their part in the separate collection of WEEE when it is They are encouraged to play their part in the separate collection of WEEE when it isdiscarded as waste.  They are encouraged to deposit WEEE in specific areas at civic amenity (CA) sites across the UK and in other specific collection facilities. 
  16. 16. Local Authorities Local Authorities (LAs) have no direct legal obligations under the WEEE Regulations. However there are implications for LAs if they:  Receive household WEEE deposited by residents at CA sites or Waste Transfer  Stations (WTSs) in their waste disposal authority area; or Make bulky waste collections from residents in their local area. LAs have the opportunity to secure free collection of WEEE separately collected at their CA sites or WTSs if these sites are registered as ‘Designated Collection Facilities` (DCFs). (DCFs)
  17. 17. Approved Authorised Treatment Facilities (AATF) or  Approved Exporter (AE)  Approved Exporter (AE)AATFs and AEs deal with separately collected non‐household WEEE. AATFs and AEs also deal with household WEEE arising at DCFs or on behalf of AATFs and AEs also deal with household WEEE arising at DCFs or on behalf ofProducer Compliance Schemes (PCSs). AATFs and AEs can issue evidence that WEEE has been received and will be treated to the requirements of the Regulations.Authorised Treatment Facilities (ATFs) with the appropriate permits or exemptions should work with AATFs to treat WEEE to the standards of the WEEE Regulations and should work with AATFs to treat WEEE to the standards of the WEEE Regulations andin accordance with the UK’s WEEE Treatment Guidance. 
  18. 18. What does WEEE consist of ?Ferrous MetaF M tNon‐Ferrous MetalRare earth elementsPlastics.Printed circuit boards. (PCBs)Batteries.Capacitors.Liquid crystal displays.Cathode ray tubes.Cathode ray tubesMercury switches.Florescent lamps
  19. 19. What is covered?Environment Agency has published a scoping guidance http://www.wrap.org.uk/retail_supply_chain/research_tools/tools/weee_toolkit_gu ide.html
  20. 20. 10 indicative categories 10 indicative categories1. Large household appliances2. Small household appliances3. IT and telecoms equipment4. Consumer equipment  q p5. Lighting equipment 6.  Electrical and electronic tools7. 7 Toys, leisure & sports Toys leisure & sports8.  Medical devices *9.  Monitoring devices *10.  Auto‐dispensing machines di i hi* Exempt from RoHS requirements for now currently being reviewed