Earth's Structure Review
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Earth's Structure Review

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Review for Unit 2 Test

Review for Unit 2 Test
Ms. Meyerson

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Earth's Structure Review Earth's Structure Review Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Water vapor is water in the form of: A. B. C. D. Steam Crystals A gas droplets
  • 2. Holes drilled into the Earth’s interior provide evidence about the Earth’s crust in the form of: A. B. C. D. Seismic waves Rock samples Liquid iron Volcanic eruption
  • 3. What is the correct order of Earth’s layers, starting from the interior? A. Inner core, lithosphere, outer core, crust B. Inner core, outer core, mantle, lithosphere C. Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust D. Outer core, crust, mantle
  • 4. A transfer of energy through empty space is called: A. B. C. D. Conduction Fire Convection Radiation
  • 5. Using data from seismic waves, geologists have learned the Earth is made up of: A. B. C. D. Trenches Ridges Layers Continents
  • 6. Which layer of Earth is the thickest? A. B. C. D. Inner core Outer core Mantle Crust
  • 7. Which sphere of Earth contains most of its mass? A. B. C. D. The geosphere The biosphere The hydrosphere The atmosphere
  • 8. The inner core is: A. A dense ball of solid metal B. A layer of molten rock C. A layer of hot rock D. A layer of rock that forms Earth’s outer skin
  • 9. Transfer of heat through the movement of a fluid. Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 10. The ability to do work Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 11. The densest parts of Earth including the crust, mantle and core Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 12. The layer of rock that forms Earth’s outer surface Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 13. All the water on Earth Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 14. Any natural process that builds up Earth’s crust Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 15. Forces that destroy or wear away land masses. Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 16. Layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of Earth Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 17. The layer of hot, solid material between Earth’s crust and core Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 18. A usually light colored rock that is found in the crust Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 19. A dark, fine-grained rock found in the crust Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 20. Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during an Earthquake Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 21. A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 22. The transfer of heat through direct contact Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 23. The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature and density, that transfer heat Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 24. A layer of Earth composed of the bottom of the crust and top of the mantle Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 25. Transfer of energy in rays Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 26. How much mass there is a given volume of a substance Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 27. Part of Earth that contains living organisms Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 28. Envelope of gasses that surround Earth Energy Atmosphere Geosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Constructive Force Destructive Force Seismic Wave Crust Basalt Granite Mantle Lithosphere Outer Core Inner Core Radiation Convection Conduction Density Convection Current
  • 29. True or False Rock in the mantle rises because it is more dense.
  • 30. True or False The Earth’s crust is primarily composed of granite and basalt.
  • 31. True of False The Earth’s core is made of nickel and basalt.
  • 32. True or False The inner core is molten metal.
  • 33. True or False The lithosphere is made up of the lower part of the crust and upper part of the mantle.
  • 34. True or False The outer mantle is the hottest layer of Earth.
  • 35. True or False The outer core has the highest pressure of the layers of the Earth.