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Intro to the bible online class

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  • 1. + The Bible: An Introduction Brett Opalinski Christ Church UM
  • 2. + Religion of the Book  Judaism and Christianity are religions of a book.  Judaism was the first of Western Civilization.  Other religions, put more emphasis on ritual ceremonies and sacrifices.
  • 3. + Bible Basics  Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament.  Library/Collection of Books (66 not counting the Apocrypha)  Different authors, settings, places.
  • 4. + Hebrew Bible/Old Testament  Many books across a wide range of time.  Written in Hebrew.
  • 5. + Basic Parts of the Hebrew Bible  Torah: Books of the Law  Prophets  Poems  Wisdom  History
  • 6. + New Testament: Basic Information  27 Books.  Written in Greek.  Between the Years 50-120 CE (Earliest I Thessalonians)
  • 7. + Types of Writings in the New Testament  Letters  Gospels  History  Sermons  Apocalyptic Literature
  • 8. + Basic Dates for Early Christianity  6-4 BCE – Birth of Jesus  10 CE – Birth of Paul  29 CE – Death and Resurrection of Jesus  31-33 CE – Paul’s Transformation  50-60 CE – Letter’s of Paul  64 CE – Death of Paul and Peter  65-70 – Gospel of Mark written
  • 9. + What Scriptures did Early Christians Use  Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament)  Jesus’ words and teachings.  Paul’s Letters  Gospels  Later Writings
  • 10. + There Were Many Early Christian Writings  Gospels  Acts/Histories  Revelations  Which ones should be used?
  • 11. + Athanasius: Bishop of Alexandria  367 CE – Letter to his Churches in Egypt.  Instructed them to use the 27 books that made up the New Testament.
  • 12. + Council of Carthage – 394 CE  Finalized the List of Books that we use today in Western Christianity.  Eastern Christians still used: I Clement, Barnabas, Shepherd of Hermas. Omitted Revelation.
  • 13. + Criteria for Which Books Were Selected  Rule of Faith: Consistent with basic teaching of the Apostles.  Apostolic Authorship.  Accepted and Used by Many Churches.  No agreement over which was the most important.
  • 14. + What About the Apocrypha  Books that are from the Hebrew tradition, but not part of the Old Testament. Valued and used by Early Christians.  Baruch, Tobit, Psalm 151, 1-4 Maccabees, Wisdom of Solomon, Letter of Jeremiah.  Some Bibles include these today!
  • 15. + Manuscripts  We do not have the original copies of the books.  There are over 5,500 manuscripts, fragments or papyri.  Copying was done by hand, not by printing presses.
  • 16. + How Do We Get Our Bibles Today  Scholars work with Manuscripts and Fragments to determine what the originals may have looked like.  Put together into a common Greek version. (Hebrew for OT).  Different translations from that.
  • 17. + Final Thoughts  Translations: Common English Bible or New Revised Standard Version (NRSV).  Don’t just read the Bible, study it!  If you would like to know more, email me at: bopalinski@echristchurch.org