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Grammar handbook

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  • 1. Grammar Book
    CarlotaDavis
  • 2. Table of Contents
    Preterite
    Trigger Words
    Car Gar Zar
    Spock
    Cucaracha
    Snake Verbs
    Snakey Verbs
    Imperfect
    Trigger Words
    Irregulars
    Preterite vs. Imperfect
    Ser vs. Estar
    13. Verbs like Gustar
    14. Comparatives/ Superlatives
    15. Transition/Connecting Words
    16. Future
    17. Trigger Words
    18. Irregulars
    19. Por/Para
    20. Por Expressions
    21. Para Expressions
  • 3. Prederite
    AR
    a amos
    aste
    o aron
    ER/IR
    iimos
    iste
    ioieron
  • 4. Pretérito Trigger Words
    Ayer: Yesterday
    Estanoche:
    Tonight
    Hace dos días:
    Two days ago
    El miércoles :
    On Wednesday
    Unavez:
    One time/Once
    Anteayer: Day
    before yesterday
    El lunespasado:
    Last Monday
    Unavez:
    One time/Once
    Durante dos siglos:
    During two centuries
    El día anterior:
    The day before
    A lasocho:
    At 8 o'clock
    Ayer por la mañana: Yesterday morning
    El otrodía:
    The other day
    Desde el primer momento:
    From the first moment
    Entonces: Then
  • 5. Car Gar Zar
    Verbs that end in Gar in the Preterite change the g to gu in the yo form
    Verbs that end in Car in the Preterite change the c to qu in the yo form
    juguéjugamos
    jugaste
    jugójugaron
    busqué buscamos
    buscaste
    buscó buscaron
    Verbs that end in Zar in the Preterite change the z to c in the yo form
    crucé cruzamos
    cruzaste
    cruzó cruzaron
  • 6. Spock Hand
    Irregular Preterite Forms
    I
    R
    V
    E
    R
    D
    A
    R
    Vi
    Viste
    Vio
    Vimos
    Vieron
    S
    E
    R
    Fui
    Fuiste
    Fue
    Fuimos
    Fueron
    Di
    Diste
    Dio
    Dimos
    Dieron
    HACER
    Hice
    Hiciste
    Hizo
    Hicimos
    Hicieron
  • 7. Cucaracha Verbs
    Tenertuv
    Venirvin
    Conducirconduj
    Producirproduj
    Traducirtraduj
    Decirdij
    Traer traj
    Andaranduv
    Estarestuv
    Poderpud
    Poner pus
    Quererquis
    Saber sup
  • 8. Snake Verbs
    Snake verbs change in the third person preterite. They change from an i to an e.
    PedíPedimos
    Pediste
    PidióPidieron
  • 9. Snakey Verbs
    LeíLeímos
    Leíste
    LeyóLeyeron
    Snakey Verbs are verbs that in the preterite change from an i to a y in the third person singular and plural.
  • 10. Imperfect
    AR
    aba
    abas
    aba
    abamos
    aban
    ER/IR
    ia
    ias
    ia
    íamos
    ían
  • 11. Imperfecto Trigger Words
    Siempre: Always
    Todos los días/ Cadadía:
    Every day
    A menudo:
    Often
    De vez en cuando:
    Occasionally
    Cadames:
    Every month
    Muchasveces:
    Many times
    Casisiempre:
    Almost always
    Mientras:
    While
    Por un rato:
    For awhile
    Variasveces:
    Several times
    En aquellaepoca:
    At that time
    Nunca:
    Never
    Generalmente:
    Generally
    Frecuentemente:
    Frequently
    A veces:
    Sometimes
  • 12. Imperfect Irregulars
    Ir
    iba
    ibas
    iba
    íbamos
    iban
    Ser
    era
    eras
    era
    erámos
    eran
    Ver
    veía
    veías
    veía
    veíamos
    veían
  • 13.
  • 14. Health
    O
    Emotion
    C
    Origin
    iendo
    ando
    T
    Location
    O
    R
    Present Condiction
    D-Description
    O- Occupation
    C-Characteristics
    T- Time
    O- Origin
    R- Relationship
    P- Possession
    E-Event
    D- Direction
  • 15. Verbs Like Gustar
    Aburrir
    Encantar
    Faltar
    Fascinar
    Importar
    Interesar
    Molestar
    Quedar
    Caerbien/mal
    Disgustar
    Hacerfalta
    Procupar
    Soprender
    Aptecer
    When gustar and verbs like gustar are followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive the singular form of gustar or a verb like gustar is used.
    “A” comes before the subject of the sentence when a verb like gustar is being used.
    Example: A Adela le enconta la musica de Shakira.
  • 16. Comparatives/Superlatives
    Superlatives=definite article+noun+mas(menos)+adjective+de
    Example: Felipe es el chico más inteligente en la clase.
    Comparatives
    Más… que- more than
    Menos… que- less than
    Tan…como- as…as
    Tanto…como- as much
    Example: Ana esmásaltaque Jessica.
  • 17. Transition/Connector Words
    Sin embargo/ no obstante-nevertheless
    Pero- But
  • 18. El Futuro
    Yo- infinitive+é
    Tu- infinitive+ás
    El/Ella/Usted- infinitive+á
    Nosotros- infinitive+emos
    Vosotros- infinitive+éis
    Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas- infinitive+án
  • 19. Future Trigger Words
    En el futuro
    En el futuro
    Próximo
    Mañana
  • 20. Future Irregulars
    Dar-dir
    Hacer- har
    Poner- pondr
    Salir- saldr
    Tener- tendr
    Caber- cabr
    Valer- valdr
    Poder- podr
    Querer-quer
    Saber- sabr
    Haber- habr
    Vendir- vendr
  • 21. Por
    PORtal- Passing through
    PORtugal- general rather than specific location
    PORever- how long something lasts
    PORpuse- the cause of something
    imPORT/exPORT- an exchange
    I am POR, pay for me- doing something in place of or instead of something else
    transPORtation- a means of transportation
    Para
    Surprise PARAty- for whom something is done
    PARAguay- destination
    PARAchute- the purpose for which something is done
    PARAdon me- the express an opinion
    comPARA- the compara or contrast
    PARAmedic- to express idea of deadline
  • 22. Por Expressions
    Por adelantado- in advance
    Por ahora- fornow
    Por allí- aroundthere
    Por aquí- aroundhere
    Por favor- please
    Por ejemple- forexample
    Por desgracia- unfortunately
    Por completo- completely
    Por lo tanto- consequently
    Por mi padre- as for me
    Por otra parte- ontheotherhand
    Por suerte- fortunately
    Por todas partes- everywhere
    Por todosladias- onallsides
    Por último- finally
  • 23. Para Expressions
    Para siempre- forever
    Para abajo- downward
    Para que?- Why?
    Para variar- justfor a change
    Para que- so that, in orderto
    Para esa época- bythat time
    Estar para- tobeaboutto
    Para entonces- bythat time
    Para detrás- backward
    Para otra vez- foranotheroccasion
    Ser tal para cual- betwo of a kind
    Para adelante- forward

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