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Grammar handbook
 

Grammar handbook

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    Grammar handbook Grammar handbook Presentation Transcript

    • Grammar Book
      CarlotaDavis
    • Table of Contents
      Preterite
      Trigger Words
      Car Gar Zar
      Spock
      Cucaracha
      Snake Verbs
      Snakey Verbs
      Imperfect
      Trigger Words
      Irregulars
      Preterite vs. Imperfect
      Ser vs. Estar
      13. Verbs like Gustar
      14. Comparatives/ Superlatives
      15. Transition/Connecting Words
      16. Future
      17. Trigger Words
      18. Irregulars
      19. Por/Para
      20. Por Expressions
      21. Para Expressions
    • Prederite
      AR
      a amos
      aste
      o aron
      ER/IR
      iimos
      iste
      ioieron
    • Pretérito Trigger Words
      Ayer: Yesterday
      Estanoche:
      Tonight
      Hace dos días:
      Two days ago
      El miércoles :
      On Wednesday
      Unavez:
      One time/Once
      Anteayer: Day
      before yesterday
      El lunespasado:
      Last Monday
      Unavez:
      One time/Once
      Durante dos siglos:
      During two centuries
      El día anterior:
      The day before
      A lasocho:
      At 8 o'clock
      Ayer por la mañana: Yesterday morning
      El otrodía:
      The other day
      Desde el primer momento:
      From the first moment
      Entonces: Then
    • Car Gar Zar
      Verbs that end in Gar in the Preterite change the g to gu in the yo form
      Verbs that end in Car in the Preterite change the c to qu in the yo form
      juguéjugamos
      jugaste
      jugójugaron
      busqué buscamos
      buscaste
      buscó buscaron
      Verbs that end in Zar in the Preterite change the z to c in the yo form
      crucé cruzamos
      cruzaste
      cruzó cruzaron
    • Spock Hand
      Irregular Preterite Forms
      I
      R
      V
      E
      R
      D
      A
      R
      Vi
      Viste
      Vio
      Vimos
      Vieron
      S
      E
      R
      Fui
      Fuiste
      Fue
      Fuimos
      Fueron
      Di
      Diste
      Dio
      Dimos
      Dieron
      HACER
      Hice
      Hiciste
      Hizo
      Hicimos
      Hicieron
    • Cucaracha Verbs
      Tenertuv
      Venirvin
      Conducirconduj
      Producirproduj
      Traducirtraduj
      Decirdij
      Traer traj
      Andaranduv
      Estarestuv
      Poderpud
      Poner pus
      Quererquis
      Saber sup
    • Snake Verbs
      Snake verbs change in the third person preterite. They change from an i to an e.
      PedíPedimos
      Pediste
      PidióPidieron
    • Snakey Verbs
      LeíLeímos
      Leíste
      LeyóLeyeron
      Snakey Verbs are verbs that in the preterite change from an i to a y in the third person singular and plural.
    • Imperfect
      AR
      aba
      abas
      aba
      abamos
      aban
      ER/IR
      ia
      ias
      ia
      íamos
      ían
    • Imperfecto Trigger Words
      Siempre: Always
      Todos los días/ Cadadía:
      Every day
      A menudo:
      Often
      De vez en cuando:
      Occasionally
      Cadames:
      Every month
      Muchasveces:
      Many times
      Casisiempre:
      Almost always
      Mientras:
      While
      Por un rato:
      For awhile
      Variasveces:
      Several times
      En aquellaepoca:
      At that time
      Nunca:
      Never
      Generalmente:
      Generally
      Frecuentemente:
      Frequently
      A veces:
      Sometimes
    • Imperfect Irregulars
      Ir
      iba
      ibas
      iba
      íbamos
      iban
      Ser
      era
      eras
      era
      erámos
      eran
      Ver
      veía
      veías
      veía
      veíamos
      veían
    • Health
      O
      Emotion
      C
      Origin
      iendo
      ando
      T
      Location
      O
      R
      Present Condiction
      D-Description
      O- Occupation
      C-Characteristics
      T- Time
      O- Origin
      R- Relationship
      P- Possession
      E-Event
      D- Direction
    • Verbs Like Gustar
      Aburrir
      Encantar
      Faltar
      Fascinar
      Importar
      Interesar
      Molestar
      Quedar
      Caerbien/mal
      Disgustar
      Hacerfalta
      Procupar
      Soprender
      Aptecer
      When gustar and verbs like gustar are followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive the singular form of gustar or a verb like gustar is used.
      “A” comes before the subject of the sentence when a verb like gustar is being used.
      Example: A Adela le enconta la musica de Shakira.
    • Comparatives/Superlatives
      Superlatives=definite article+noun+mas(menos)+adjective+de
      Example: Felipe es el chico más inteligente en la clase.
      Comparatives
      Más… que- more than
      Menos… que- less than
      Tan…como- as…as
      Tanto…como- as much
      Example: Ana esmásaltaque Jessica.
    • Transition/Connector Words
      Sin embargo/ no obstante-nevertheless
      Pero- But
    • El Futuro
      Yo- infinitive+é
      Tu- infinitive+ás
      El/Ella/Usted- infinitive+á
      Nosotros- infinitive+emos
      Vosotros- infinitive+éis
      Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas- infinitive+án
    • Future Trigger Words
      En el futuro
      En el futuro
      Próximo
      Mañana
    • Future Irregulars
      Dar-dir
      Hacer- har
      Poner- pondr
      Salir- saldr
      Tener- tendr
      Caber- cabr
      Valer- valdr
      Poder- podr
      Querer-quer
      Saber- sabr
      Haber- habr
      Vendir- vendr
    • Por
      PORtal- Passing through
      PORtugal- general rather than specific location
      PORever- how long something lasts
      PORpuse- the cause of something
      imPORT/exPORT- an exchange
      I am POR, pay for me- doing something in place of or instead of something else
      transPORtation- a means of transportation
      Para
      Surprise PARAty- for whom something is done
      PARAguay- destination
      PARAchute- the purpose for which something is done
      PARAdon me- the express an opinion
      comPARA- the compara or contrast
      PARAmedic- to express idea of deadline
    • Por Expressions
      Por adelantado- in advance
      Por ahora- fornow
      Por allí- aroundthere
      Por aquí- aroundhere
      Por favor- please
      Por ejemple- forexample
      Por desgracia- unfortunately
      Por completo- completely
      Por lo tanto- consequently
      Por mi padre- as for me
      Por otra parte- ontheotherhand
      Por suerte- fortunately
      Por todas partes- everywhere
      Por todosladias- onallsides
      Por último- finally
    • Para Expressions
      Para siempre- forever
      Para abajo- downward
      Para que?- Why?
      Para variar- justfor a change
      Para que- so that, in orderto
      Para esa época- bythat time
      Estar para- tobeaboutto
      Para entonces- bythat time
      Para detrás- backward
      Para otra vez- foranotheroccasion
      Ser tal para cual- betwo of a kind
      Para adelante- forward