Raymond Williams A Lecture on Realism The development of Realism: A move towards social extension – including the working classes A movement towards action about the present – the inclusion of contemporary issues An emphasis on secular action – action including human figures the inclusion of the ordinary The inclusion of the profane * The development of technology 2 http://www.afterall.org/journal/issue.5/lecture.realism
Documentary Photography as a form of social investigation. The development of a close association between seeing, knowing and aspects of power. This reflected a will to philanthropic reform and control. 3 http://www.nationalmediamuseum.org.uk/Collection/Photography/PhotographsCollection/CollectionItem.aspx?id=1987-5201/28
Robert Flaherty Nanook of the North (1922) Capturing unseen ‘reality’. Ethnographic documentation. ‘Sometimes you have to lie. One has to distort a thing to catch its spirit.’ (In Heider, 2006) 4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cLERFRQl5EY
John Grierson(1898-1972) Coined the term documentary film Night Mail (dir. Wright and Watt, 1936) Provided insights into the lives of under-represented groups – the world of everyday work. 5 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WO7JxYlhOM
Observational Expository Unobtrusive observation of the world A series of found scenes Intimacy and access Events unfold before the camera Loose naturalistic organisation An active attempt to interpret and explain Narration that endorses a ‘god-like’ view Normally a single, coherent, authorial view is offered Representing a view of ‘others’ to ‘us’ 6 Documentary Film Making
Truth, responsibility and ethics 13 We are all witnesses of the world and reality Although not present, we often perceive events ‘live’ in co-presence Does our expanding knowledge of our times bring with it a collective responsibility?