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Mass Communication & Media Literacy 10

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  • 1. Mass Communication & Media Literacy 10
    1
  • 2. Raymond Williams
    A Lecture on Realism
    The development of Realism:
    A move towards social extension – including the working classes
    A movement towards action about the present – the inclusion of contemporary issues
    An emphasis on secular action – action including human figures
    the inclusion of the ordinary
    The inclusion of the profane
    * The development of technology
    2
    http://www.afterall.org/journal/issue.5/lecture.realism
  • 3. Documentary
    Photography as a form of social investigation.
    The development of a close association between seeing, knowing and aspects of power.
    This reflected a will to philanthropic reform and control.
    3
    http://www.nationalmediamuseum.org.uk/Collection/Photography/PhotographsCollection/CollectionItem.aspx?id=1987-5201/28
  • 4. Robert Flaherty
    Nanook of the North (1922)
    Capturing unseen ‘reality’. Ethnographic documentation.
    ‘Sometimes you have to lie. One has to distort a thing to catch its spirit.’
    (In Heider, 2006)
    4
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cLERFRQl5EY
  • 5. John Grierson(1898-1972)
    Coined the term documentary film
    Night Mail (dir. Wright and Watt, 1936)
    Provided insights into the lives of under-represented groups – the world of everyday work.
    5
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WO7JxYlhOM
  • 6. Observational
    Expository
    Unobtrusive observation of the world
    A series of found scenes
    Intimacy and access
    Events unfold before the camera
    Loose naturalistic organisation
    An active attempt to interpret and explain
    Narration that endorses a ‘god-like’ view
    Normally a single, coherent, authorial view is offered
    Representing a view of ‘others’ to ‘us’
    6
    Documentary Film Making
  • 7. John Grierson
    7
    Long, 2008
    • This is not about mere reproduction but about the correct kind of mediation and interpretation of the world
    • 8. The ordinary was the guarantor of truth
    • 9. A responsibility to reality encourages a social awareness that can lead to social reform and social cohesion
  • 8
    Who is speaking, about whom, and to whom?What is the nature of the knowledge produced by the text?
    Questions
  • 10. Nick Broomfield
    9
    http://www.nickbroomfield.com/home.html
  • 11. Reality Media: The Ordinary
    10
  • 12. 11
    Evidence of a democratic turn?
  • 13. Cheap programming?
    12
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_television_stations_in_the_United_Kingdom
  • 14. Truth, responsibility and ethics
    13
    We are all witnesses of the world and reality
    Although not present, we often perceive events ‘live’ in co-presence
    Does our expanding knowledge of our times bring with it a collective responsibility?
  • 15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XYOj_6OYuJc
    14
  • 16. Band Aid
    15
  • 17. New Media – Eye Witnesses
  • 18. New Media – Eye Witnesses
  • 19. New Media – Eye Witnesses