Starts with the concept of an ethnic community. In Europe these communities began to take shape in the Middle Ages.
Before nations we find elements of ethnic communities (the Welsh with a shared language: the Scots with their allegiance to a feudal state distinct from the English) which were the raw materials for the creation of the modern nation.
The difference between ethnic community and nation is the possession of:
An historic territory, or homeland;
Common myths and historical memories;
A common mass, public culture;
Common legal rights and duties for all members;
A common economy with territorial mobility for all members. (1986)
Culture & Identity CULTURES IDENTITIES language beliefs/values signs/symbols art religion can be markers of them and us, origins of sameness and difference can create narratives and rituals that historically define identities can provide core sense of self and community
What changed the map and demanded the invention of Britain and Britishness was the 1707 Act of Union. Passed by Westminster it linked Scotland to England and Wales and announced there would be ‘one United Kingdom by the name of Great Britain’.
So, there was an embryonic British nation state but no British nation.
It was invented around five key pillars. Look at these pillars and try to unpack their importance.
Durkheim: The Elementary forms of the religious life (1915)
Despite differences in content there are few formal or functional differences between religious and national, secular ceremonies and rituals; their intentions, consequences and processes employed to attain the same results are similar.
Religious ceremonies reinforce collective values and reaffirm a sense of community. They move people from the mundane to the sacred.