a method of interpreting actions in a manner that generates understanding in the terms of those performing the actions
Geertz: thick/thin description
Conquergood: ‘instead of speaking about them one speaks to and with them’ (1985)
the hermeneutic circle: rendering thick description Distance-experience meaning, in which the ethnographer tries to understand the behaviour using concepts removed from the context of study near-experience meaning, in which the ethnographer progressively gains appreciation of behaviours from the point of view of those behaving translation of near-experience meaning into distance-experience meaning for outsiders whilst preserving the near-experience meanings behaviour observed by people who are outside the ethnographers culture or social community
a self-defining process that depends upon the monitoring of and reflection upon, psychological and social information about the possible ways that we can live.
‘ The reflexivity of social life consists I the fact that social practices are constantly examined and reformed in the light of incoming information about those practices, thus constitutively altering their character’ (Giddens, The Consequences of Modernity . p. 28)