Methamphetamine

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    Methamphetamine Methamphetamine Presentation Transcript

    • Drugs & Society Corey McDonald
    • A Central Nervous System stimulant which releases norepinephrine (Neurotransmitter associated with stress hormone and sympathetic nervous system) and dopamine (Neurotransmitter associated with reward/motivation) to the brain. Methamphetamine causes rapid release of dopamine in the brain’s reward center which creates a euphoric rush in the user. (MethamphetamineAbuse.org)
    •   In the past, methamphetamine was used to treat alcoholism, Parkinson’s Disease, narcolepsy, depression and obesity, to keep soldiers alert during WWII among other things. Today, methamphetamine is only legal in over the counter nasal decongestants that are Central Nervous System inactive and through prescription Desoxyn to treat extreme obesity, narcolepsy and occasionally Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. (History of Methamphetamine)
    •  “I question the morals of anyone that would flirt with someone like me.” (http://www.kci.org/meth_info/msg_board_posts/040206/selected_quotes1.htm)
    •     . Amphetamine is methylated phenylethylamine Methamphetamine is double methylated phenylethylamine. Both release norepinephrine and dopamine to the brain. The additional “methylation” causes stronger and more rapid reaction in the body.
    •  Delivery Methods  Street Names ◦ Oral Ingestion ◦ Meth, crystal, glass ◦ Nasal Ingestion ◦ Ice, sketch, go ◦ Smoked ◦ Crank, chalk, fast ◦ Intravenous ◦ Chalk, speed, tweek (DrugFacts: Methamphetamine) (Methamphetamine Street Names)
    • “Maintaining your habit is so important you've no real interest in anything else.” ― Marian Keyes, Rachel's Holiday
    • Users cts  ◦ Society Environmental  Increased heart rate, high blood pressure, ◦ Production requires acetone, anhydrous tremors; reduced appetite, irritability, ammonia, ether, red phosphorus, and anxiety panic, paranoia, violent behavior, lithium which can remain in the psychosis environment. ◦  Health Risks ◦ Weight loss, insomnia, cardiac or cardiovascular issues, stroke, seizures, addiction, dental decay Combustible products pose threat of explosion/fire and property damage  Population ◦ ◦ ◦ Crime increase Personal/property injury from environment impacts Child abuse/neglect
    • http://channel.nationalgeographic.com /channel/drugs-inc/episodes/thedrug-makers
    •  'Breaking Bad'-Inspired Meth Candy Sparks Controversy - A New Mexico candy store is selling a crushed, light blue, powdery sugar sweet that looks an awful lot like meth (http://qa6.thedailymeal.com/breaking-bad-inspired-meth-candy-sparks-controversy)  In the wake of multiple tests finding a methamphetamine-like compound in the popular sports supplement Craze. (http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/23/driven-sports-sponsors-safety-study-of-craze-supplement/4720747/)
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?featur e=player_embedded&v=3i7rvaCcDKg
    •  The 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), reported that ~ 1.2 million people (0.4% of the population) self-reported methamphetamine use in the past year. 440,000 (0.2% of the population) reported use in the past month which is a decrease of ~ 0.1% since 2006.  In 2012, there were 133,000 new users of methamphetamine age 12 or older.  The average age of new methamphetamine users in 2012 was 19.7 years old.  The 2012 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey of adolescent drug use found that ~1 percent of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders had used methamphetamine within the past year.
    •     Heavy consumption of diet soda can damage teeth as badly as methamphetamine. Addicts suffer from “Picking” caused by Crystal Meth Lice. This causes them to scratch at their face using any tool available. “Picking” leads to self-inflicted wounds causing infection and scarring. The average high from Methamphetamine lasts between two and six hours. Meth overdose symptoms include a rise in body temperature, high fever and seeing spots.
    • Diet Soda can decay teeth. But the woman in the following story hadn’t seen a dentist in over 20 years. (Diet Soda Rots Teeth "Like Meth and Cocaine". ) Picking is an actual symptom of methamphetamine use. (5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Methamphetamine.) The average high for methamphetamine users last between four and twelve hours. (what is Meth?) Meth overdose symptoms include fever, high body temperature and increased pressure on the eyes which cause spots in vision. (5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Methamphetamine.) (
    •      Behavioral therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral and contingencymanagement interventions. Matrix Model, a 16-week comprehensive behavioral approach combines behavioral therapy, family education, individual counseling, 12-Step support, drug testing, and encouragement for non-drug-related activities. Contingency management interventions, which provide tangible incentives in exchange for engaging in treatment and maintaining abstinence. Motivational Incentives for Enhancing Drug Abuse Recovery (MIEDAR), an incentive based method has shown some efficacy in methamphetamine abusers through NIDA’s National Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network. No medication currently available which counteracts methamphetamine addiction. (Methamphetamine: Abuse and Addiction)
    •      Tweaked – Patrick Moore Beautiful Boy : A Father’s Journey Through His Son’s Addiction – David Sheff Crystal Clean: A Mother;s Struggle with Meth Addiction and Recovery – Kimberly Wollenburg Loss of Innocence: A daughter's journey into the underworld of meth addiction and a father's fight to bring her back – Ron and Carren Clem Tweaked: Growing Up on Methamphetamine – Nic Sheff
    •            5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Methamphetamine. (n.d.). LICADD, Long Island Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.licadd.com/info/about-drug-alcohol-treatment/meth/facts-aboutmethamphetamine/ Council on DrugFacts: Methamphetamine. (n.d.). National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Retrieved January 29, 2014, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/methamphetamine Diet Soda Rots Teeth "Like Meth and Cocaine". (n.d.). The Fix. Retrieved February 14, 2014, http://www.thefix.com/content/diet-soda-tooth-decay-meth-cocaine91694 from History of Methamphetamine. (n.d.). Methamphetamine History. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.narconon.org/drug-information/methamphetamine-history.html Methamphetamine: Abuse and Addiction. (n.d.). What treatments are effective for people who abuse methamphetamine?. Retrieved February 12, 2014, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine-abuseaddiction/what-treatments-are-effective-methamphetamine-abusers Methamphetamine Abuse.org. (n.d.). Methamphetamine Abuseorg. Retrieved February 12, 2014, from http://methamphetamineabuse.org/methamphetamine-abuse-signs-how-to-detectthem "National Geographic Society." National Geographic Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. <http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/drugs-inc/episodes/the-drug-makers>. "National Geographic Society." National Geographic Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Feb. 2014. <http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/drugs-inc/video/>. Selected Quotes From Crystal Meth Anon Convention. (n.d.). Quotes From Crystal Meth Anon Convention. Retrieved February 1, 2014, from http://www.kci.org/meth_info/msg_board_posts/040206/selected_quotes1.htm What is Meth?. (n.d.). PBS. Retrieved February 14, 2014, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/meth/faqs