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Story elements
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Story elements

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  • 1. Story Elements
  • 2. Plot
    See the slides with the Plot diagram
  • 3. Setting
    Time – when is the story taking place (historical time period, time of day, year, etc..)
    Place – Geographical location
    Weather conditions
    Social conditions – what is the daily life of the character like? Does the story focus on local color (what the characters dress like, talk like, customs of a certain place etc…)
    Mood or atmosphere – what is the overall feeling of the story created in the beginning?
  • 4. Types of Conflict
    External – outside forces are working against a character
    Internal – the conflict is within the character
  • 5. Kinds of Conflicts
    Man vs. Man (external)
    Man vs. Self – (internal; psychological) a character has an internal struggle going on with a decision he/she has to make or something else that is affecting him/her psychologically.
    Man vs. Nature (external)
    Man vs. Technology (external)
    Man vs. Society (external)
  • 6. CHaracter
    Protagonist – main character; all major events are centered on this person
    Antagonist – opposes the main character
    Static – doesn’t change in the story
    Dynamic – changes occur to this character in the story, for better or worse
  • 7. Point of View
    1st person – story is told through one of the characters; uses words like “I” and “me” to tell the story
    3rd person limited – story is told through one of the characters and we get only his/her perspective; uses words like “him,” “her,” “their,” “them.”
    3rd person omniscient – story is told from multiple points of view; reader sees many different sides to a story; uses words like “him,” “her,” etc…
  • 8. Theme
    Author’s underlying meaning in a piece of fiction
    Author’s overall thoughts on a topic or view of human nature
    Title of work may point to theme; literary devices in the work point to theme
    For example: love conquers all, people are afraid to change, believe in yourself, cheaters never win