FungiBy: Christina Martin, Madeline Ryan, and Megan Brinkerhoff
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis It can been found in North America, South America, Europe and Africa. This pathogen often causes diseases and death in many amphibians. It invades the top layer of skincells that are keratinized and thickens them so that it is hard to breathe. It also makes use of zoospores for various reasons . It also uses a flagella to help it maintains its mobility. They can live on land or in the water.
Rhizopus stolonifer (Black Bread Mold)It is heterotrophic and dependant on sugar and starch, so it attaches to foods like bread. It releases spores through itsmycellium and when the spores mature they turn black. Its spores are commonly found in the air. If moist enough, it can take over a piece of bread in a few days. It hascommercial use in manufacturing alcohol and organic acids.
Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric)It is a poisonous fungus that lives throughout the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It contains psychoactive chemicals ibotenic acid and muscimol. It’s a mushroom with oval shaped spores. It has been used as a treatment for cancer, sore throat, and arthiritis.
Sarcoscypha coccinea (Scarlet Elf Cup) It can be found in Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, andAustralia. They only appear in the winter months. The cupped area is no morethan 4 centimeters across. The colors vary and may be orange, yellow, or even white. Its spores are translucent and have lipids at both ends.
Acaulospora myriocarpaIt can be found in South America and Asia. Its spores occursingly and in loose small groups. They can be found in soil, crevices, roots, insect bodies, and old seeds. They are formed with a sporiferous saccule. It forms mycorrhizae with other species.