31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 1
In the practice of tolerance,
one’s enemy is the best
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 2
‘One’ by U2: the lyrics
Is it getting better Did I disappoint you
Or leave a bad taste in
Or do you feel the same
Will it make it easier on You act like you never
you had love
Now you got someone to And you want me to
blame go without
You say one love, one life Well it's too late
When it's one need in the
To drag the past out
night into the light
It's one love We're one but we're
We get to share it not the same
We get to carry each
It leaves you baby
other, carry each other
If you don't care for it One
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 3
‘One’ by U2: the lyrics
You say love is a temple
Have you come here for
Love is a higher law
Love is a temple
Have you come to raise Love is the higher law
the dead You ask me to enter but then
you make me crawl
Have you come here to
And I can't be holding on to
what you got
To the lepers in your When all you got is hurt
head One love, one blood, one life
You got to do what you should
Did I ask too much
One life with each other
More than a lot
You gave me nothing One life but we're not the same
Now it's all I got We get to carry each
other, carry each other
We're one but we're not
We hurt each other, then
we do it again
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 4
After watching U2 and Mary J
Blige singing ‘One’ on You Tube
1. What is the song about?
2. How is the message of the song reinforced by
the image of these two singers?
3. How does it make you feel?
Write some notes together with your partner and then
discuss your answers with the rest of the class.
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 5
Bono’s interpretation of the
“It is a song about coming
together, but it's not the old hippie
idea of quot;Let's all live together.quot; It
is, in fact, the opposite. It's
saying, quot;We are one, but we're not
the same.quot; It's not saying we even
want to get along, but that we have to
get along together in this world if it is
to survive. It's a reminder that we
have no choice.” ~ Bono, 1993
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 6
The definitions are taken from:
A stereotype is an exaggerated belief, image or
distorted truth about a person or group — a
generalization that allows for little or no individual
differences or social variation. Stereotypes are
based on images in mass media, or reputations
passed on by parents, peers and other members
of society. Stereotypes can be positive or negative.
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 7
A prejudice is an opinion, prejudgment or attitude
about a group or its individual members. A prejudice
can be positive, but in our usage refers to a negative
Prejudices are often accompanied by ignorance, fear
or hatred. Prejudices are formed by a complex
psychological process that begins with attachment to
a close circle of acquaintances or an quot;in-groupquot; such
as a family. Prejudice is often aimed at quot;out-groups.quot;
Discrimination is behavior that treats people
unequally because of their group memberships.
Discriminatory behavior, ranging from slights to hate
crimes, often begins with negative stereotypes and
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 8
How do we learn prejudice?
Social scientists believe children begin
to acquire prejudices and stereotypes as
toddlers. Many studies have shown that
as early as age 3, children pick up terms
of racial prejudice without really
understanding their significance.
Once learned, stereotypes and
prejudices resist change, even when
evidence fails to support them or points
to the contrary.
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 9
How do we perpetuate
Bias is perpetuated by conformity with in-group attitudes and
socialization by the culture at large. The fact that white
culture is dominant in America may explain why people of
color often do not show a strong bias favoring their own
Mass media routinely take advantage of stereotypes as
shorthand to paint a mood, scene or character. The
elderly, for example, are routinely portrayed as being frail
and forgetful, while younger people are often shown as
vibrant and able.
Stereotypes can also be conveyed by omission in popular
culture, as when TV shows present an all-white world.
Psychologists theorize bias conveyed by the media helps to
explain why children can adopt hidden prejudices even when
their family environments explicitly oppose them.
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 10
What can we do about
Think about families and schools:
supportive/ loving environment, open-
mindedness, new ideas, beyond
‘inherent’ roles and identities
Feeling hidden bias: automatic, but
consciously rectified (think of these
concepts: gender, age, race, religion)
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 11
Committing to change
If people are aware of their hidden biases, they can
monitor and attempt to ameliorate hidden attitudes
before they are expressed through behavior. This
compensation can include attention to
language, body language and to the stigmatization
felt by target groups.
Common sense and research evidence also suggest
that a change in behavior can modify beliefs and
attitudes. It would seem logical that a conscious
decision to be egalitarian might lead one to widen
one's circle of friends and knowledge of other
groups. Such efforts may, over time, reduce the
strength of unconscious biases.
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 12
How would you react if you saw your
father doing the washing up instead of
What would you think if you saw a 50-
year-old man taking part in the same
dance class as you? What if this person
was a 20-year-old woman?
What would you say if a fully-qualified
man from Nigeria sought to work in your
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 13
Write an email (of about 300 words) to
your classmate describing what we did
in this lesson that he/she missed.
Explain all the concepts we discussed
and provide relevant examples.
Finally, express your own opinion on
how tolerant people are nowadays and
suggest ways of improvement.
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 14
Some food for thought…
31/3/2009 MARKAKI SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES 15
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.