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A presentation of all Conditional types combined with explanations, examples and videos.

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  1. 1. CONDITIONALS 0, 1, 2 AND 3
  2. 2. <ul><li>A conditional sentence has two basic clauses: </li></ul><ul><li>the if-clause </li></ul><ul><li>(this states the condition or hypothesis ) </li></ul><ul><li>the main clause </li></ul><ul><li>(this states the result ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>PAY ATTENTION TO THE </li></ul><ul><li>OF THE VERB IN EACH CLAUSE </li></ul>T E N S E
  4. 4. <ul><li>We put a comma in all conditional sentences when the if-clause (hypothesis) comes before the main clause (result). When the main clause comes first, we do not put a comma. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>If you break the law, the police arrest you. </li></ul><ul><li>The police arrest you if you break the law. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>We use it to talk about: </li></ul><ul><li>things that are always true, general ideas, </li></ul><ul><li>scientific facts </li></ul><ul><li>Form: Present Simple -> Present Simple </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. If you cook butter, it melts. </li></ul><ul><li>I feel ill if I run three kilometres. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes we can replace if with when . </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Snow melts when the temperature rises. </li></ul>ZERO CONDITIONAL
  7. 7. FIRST CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Use: 1)This describes something that is possible in the present or future . 2) We can also give advice or 3) issue a threat/ warning . </li></ul><ul><li>Form: (result) </li></ul><ul><li>-> Simple Future </li></ul><ul><li>( hypothesis) </li></ul><ul><li>If + Present Simple -> Modal (can, may, </li></ul><ul><li>might, must, should) </li></ul><ul><li>-> Imperative </li></ul>
  8. 8. FIRST CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Examples: If you want it, I will buy it. </li></ul><ul><li>If you want it, you can have it. </li></ul><ul><li>If you want it, buy it yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Unless you go now, you will miss the bus. </li></ul><ul><li>UNLESS = IF NOT (used instead of if) </li></ul>
  9. 9. FIRST CONDITIONAL <ul><li>NOTE : so long as , as long as , </li></ul><ul><li>provided (that) , providing (that) -> </li></ul><ul><li>can be used instead of if in 1 st conditional clauses </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><li>As long as you promise to be careful, </li></ul><ul><li>you can use my computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Provided I finish work early tomorrow, </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll come with you. </li></ul>
  10. 16. LISTEN TO A SONG! If I let you go By Westlife
  11. 17. IF I LET YOU GO by WESTLIFE <ul><li>But if I let you go, </li></ul><ul><li>I will never know </li></ul><ul><li>what my life would be </li></ul><ul><li>holding you close to me. </li></ul><ul><li>Will I ever see </li></ul><ul><li>you smiling back at me? </li></ul><ul><li>How will I know </li></ul><ul><li>if I let you go? </li></ul>
  12. 18. Think about it! <ul><li>e.g. Will she come with you if you ask her? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you stay with the baby this evening if we can get tickets for the theatre? </li></ul><ul><li>When we make a question , the question form appears in the main clause , not in the if clause. </li></ul>
  13. 19. SECOND CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Use: This describes: 1) a hypothetical or imaginary situation = something that is not true or real, 2) a situation contrary to the present situation, 3) a hypothetical, but possible situation. It refers to the present or future . </li></ul><ul><li>Form: if+ Simple Past -> would/ could/ </li></ul><ul><li>(hypothesis) might + bare </li></ul><ul><li>infinitive (result) </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. If you asked, she would/could/might help you. </li></ul>
  14. 20. SECOND CONDITIONAL <ul><li>REMEMBER! </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you is often used to give advice . </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. If I were you, I wouldn’t ask him that. </li></ul><ul><li>We usually say if I/he/she/it were instead of I/he/she/it was. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. If he were rich, he would buy a castle. </li></ul>
  15. 27. THIRD CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Use: 1) This describes an imaginary or untrue situation in the past . It may have been possible in the past, but did not happen. </li></ul><ul><li>2) We can also express regret or criticism . </li></ul><ul><li>Form: If+ Past Perfect -> would/could/ </li></ul><ul><li>(hypothesis) might have+ </li></ul><ul><li>past participle </li></ul><ul><li>(result) </li></ul>
  16. 28. THIRD CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Examples : If you had helped me, I could have finished the work earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>(but you didn’t) </li></ul><ul><li>If he had known that I was in the town, he would have phoned me. </li></ul><ul><li>(but he didn’t) </li></ul>
  17. 29. MIXED CONDITIONALS <ul><li>USE: This conditional type shows the present results of a past action . </li></ul><ul><li>If-clause : PAST PERFECT (same as 3 rd type) </li></ul><ul><li>Main clause : WOULD + bare inf. (2 nd type) </li></ul><ul><li>If you had been more careful (in the past), you wouldn’t be in trouble now (in the present). </li></ul><ul><li>If we had gone to bed earlier (in the past) , we wouldn’t feel so tired now (in the present) . </li></ul>
  18. 36. <ul><li>How will you feel if you study the whole chapter on the Conditionals? </li></ul>
  19. 37. The sleepy kitten