What is a C.V. / Resume?Cv DescriptionTypes of Cv’sCultural differencesThe Cover LetterSamplesThe do’s and don’tsThe wordsGetting Started
a Curriculum Vitae (CV) is Latin for "course of ones life.“In Britain the term "curriculum vitae" (abbreviated CV) is synonymouswith "resume“The difference between a resume and a CV? The primary differencesare the length, the content and the purpose.In the United States a Curriculum Vitae is used primarily whenapplying for international, academic, education, scientific orresearch positions or when applying for fellowships or grants.Both a CV and a resume are about one or two page summary of yourskills, experience and education.
Skills basedChronologicalLawScientific / Technical CVCreative CV part-One page CV suitable for a part-time job Which would you use?
Skills basedUse:When you don’t have much related experienceWhen you have too muchWhen you are going through a career change transferable skills Always support any mention of skills with evidence of how and where these skills were developed (try to quantify with evidence as far as possible when describing skills, sales increased by ...., number of customers increased by....). Doing all above the CV becomes targeted and focused.
ChronologicalUse:When you have direct related experience.If you are a post graduate student who is taking a course tobuild on existing skills and experience and are hoping todevelop further within your existing career Information is presented in reverse chronological order. Usually experience first followed by academics
LawTypically this would be a chronological CV as previous type, giving details of any experience within the law sector
Scientific / Technical CVThis CV should contain more detailed information oncoursework (including final year projects), technicalequipment used and outline of the procedures followed. There is a real role for scientific jargon in this type of CV
Creative CV The medium of black print on paper might not always be appropriate for creative CVs (e.g. for applying for jobs in advertising or the media).Use your: imagination creativityCareful with “content vs. style”
part-One page CV suitable for a part-time jobThis type of CV is appropriate for part-time non graduate jobs where theemployer only needs to know thatyou have the necessary skills andexperience for a specific role.
In the USA: Cover letter a must/ no photo or date of birth /gender (explain name). Difference between CV and ResumeIn the UK: Cover letter,In France: hand written cover letterIn Germany: lots of documentation and references & PhotoIn Asia: require personal information and a photograph. Insome case recommendation by agency a must. Note: Placement agencies can be useful when submitting a CV for a job abroad
It should answer the following question : Why should I hire you?And should: It should grab the employers attention Point out why you, above all other applicants, should be contacted for a personal interview.
steps:The steps: 1 YOUR ADDRESS (Do not put your name here) TODAYS DATE Mr./Ms. EMPLOYERS NAME (If you dont have one, get one!) TITLE COMPANYS NAME ADDRESS DEAR Mr./Ms. EMPLOYER:
steps: The steps: 2FIRST PARAGRAPH: This is the "why Im writing to you" paragraph whichimmediately tells the employer the position you want to be considered for. This isshort - usually 2-3 sentences.Points to cover:Why you are writing and which position you are applying for.How you heard about the position is irrelevant unless it is a mutual contact orrecruiting program. Do not write, "I learned of this opportunity through the CareerServices Office."Show from your research why you are interested in this position or organization. Thegoal is to make a connection - do this Briefly and Specifically or leave it out; .sweeping statements will not work.
steps:The steps: 3SECOND PARAGRAPH: This is the "why Im qualified" paragraph.Highlight some of your most relevant experiences and qualities as they relate tothe position for which you are applying. Choose 2 - 3 points you want to makeabout Specific experiences/accomplishments or about general qualities you haveexhibited, and provide Specific examples to support those points. •The first sentence : should be a hard-hitting opener. •The body of the paragraph should provide evidence to back up what youve just claimed. •The final sentence is a summary of what youve discussed above.
steps:The steps: 4FINAL PARAGRAPH: This is a short 2-4 sentences paragraph. You shouldrefer to the enclosed resume, request an interview and let the reader knowwhat will happen next (Contact them within specific period of time unless it is arecruiting program).It is vital that you thank the reader for his/her time and consideration.Sincerely,Your SignatureYour Name
Lets check some Cv’s… What are you going to look for? Style Grammar Spelling Words used Information Data … ¿?
Spelling / grammatical errors = • does not pay attention to details • low level of EnglishUnclear message= • unable to communicate • can’t articulate ideasCongested= • stuffed with information because you don’t know what to leave off. • unable to evaluate what is important
Don’t.- Lie- Go beyond two pages- Use personal pronouns (I, my, me) in your resume.- leave out the locations of your past jobs- mix noun and verb phrases when describing your jobs. (use action verbs)- use expressions like "Duties included," "Responsibilities included," or "Responsible for." Thats job-description language, not accomplishments-oriented resume language that sells.
Don’t.- list too much experience on your resume. 10 to 15yrs max. is Ok- emphasize skills and job activities you dont want to do in the future.- List high school (bachillerato)- list references right on your resume. Maybe better for latter on, keep on a separate piece of paper for the interview with all the contact info.
Do:- consider a bulleted style to make your resume as reader- friendly as possible.- consider a resume design that doesnt look like everyone elses.- your resume as sharp a focus as possible.- list your job information in order of importance.- list your jobs in reverse chronological order.
Do: Do- think in terms of accomplishments.- emphasize transferable skills.- quantify whenever possible. Use numbers to tell employers how many people you supervised, by what percentage you increased sales, how many products you represented, etc.- proofread carefully. Misspellings and typos are deadly on a resume.
Before Resume: After Resume:o Accounting / Recordkeeping Management of A/R and A/P Accountso Administrative Computerized Accountingo Computer Skills Applications Departmental Administration / Recordkeeping Which set of headings are the strongest for an Accounts Payable / Receivable Manager position?
Before Resume: After Resume:Maintained records for Managed over 1,000 accountsaccounts receivable and receivable and payableaccounts payable accounts working directly withaccounts. the Chief Financial Officer.Before Resume: After Resume:Typical Verbs: Power Words:Gave work assignments to Directed workflow, supervised and trained accounting staffstaff of entry level performing posting to generalaccounting clerks. ledger, accounts receivable and payable accounts.
Leadership Initiative Devised Set Up Developed Revitalized Originated Designed Directed Drove Initiated Started Managed Guided Formulated Established Created Generated Led Organized Introduced Redesigned Inspired LaunchedAchievement Problem Solving Analyzed Evaluated Achieved Obtained Delivered Solved Investigated Attained Completed Secured Eliminated Corrected Negotiated Effected Enhanced Utilized Reduced Produced Increased Expanded Identified Tackled Performed Succeeded Conducted Reorganized Reviewed Improved Surpassed Resolved Reshaped Implemented Accomplished Strengthened Streamlined Demonstrated Simplified Examined Revised
Analyze Ads and Job Descriptions to Identify KeyWords Accounts Receivable Manager Seeking experienced A/R Manager to oversee accounts, manage billing and collections, train accounting and clerical staff, develop status reports for management and prepare monthly balance sheets. B.A. Degree or A.A. Degree with minimum of 2 years experience required. Even though this ad is small it contains 12-13 key words or phrases that should be addressed in your resume. Can you find them?
Analyze Ads and Job Descriptions to Identify Key Words – Hidden needs:In addition to the skills or needs listed in the ad shown before, theemployer will have many more needs that you should identify andaddress in your resume and cover letter. For example, thisemployer will need someone who can deal effectively with otherdepartments, research accounting issues and records to solveproblems. To beat todays heavy competition for jobs, itsimportant that you identify and anticipate the full range of needseach employer faces and show how you can solve those needs.
Financial Commercial Analyst 4111 Job in LondonCompany name: Westminster City CouncilSalary: £60714 per annumDuration: PermanentJob details:We are looking for someone who is able to provide financial andcommercial expertise to support key policy development and projectsacross the Council. You will be used to providing advice and constructivechallenge to ensure that the Councils policy making is financially soundand is commercially astute. The successful applicant will need to havehighly developed commercial problem solving skills, together withexcellent analytical and interpretative skills, and to provide advice tosenior managers and Councillors. or complete employer application formavailable from firstname.lastname@example.org job ref: 4111
Sell the Benefits of Your Skills A secretarys resume might state she can type 80 wpm and is extremely accurate. The real benefit is that the employee can produce more work and ultimately save the employer money.Selling The Benefits of Skills Achieved top production volume by maintaining high degree of accuracy with typing speed at 80 wpm. · Cut labor expense over $6,000 annually by eliminating the need for part-time word-processing staff.
If you write with low expectations… you get a “low” job; create an image that presents you at the appropriate level.Example: Seeking an entry level position in the accounting field.Better: Seek an Accounting position utilizing my experience:
Research the company.Avoid sentences with “I” or the passive voice.Don’t use contractions: (I’d / I’ll / didn’t)Review four spelling and gramer and panchuationSign your letter, better in black inkKeep it short and simpleUse good quality paper that matches your resumepaper and envelopes.
1) Check your network / employment agencies / etc2) Identify your objective company or business3) Research: company4) Make a list of: a) academic experience diplomas / certificates b) work experience companies/ dates c) skills (transferable skills) d) list your references (updated) with contact infoStart you first layout or draft.
• Interpersonal skills • Communication skills • Self-management skills • Intellectual skills Job / task Skills LevelWorked part time B.K. Handled customers 1-Grill / cleaning customer orientation 1-Cash register Group work 2 Repetitive tasks 1 Met deadlines 1=highly skilledPlace a check next to those skills which 2=moderately skilledyou enjoy using. 3=needs improvement).
A creative CVMentions all that anemployer would need toknow.Except contact info…why?