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Vinoo thomas rahul_mohandas__indian_cybercrime_scene - ClubHack2009
 

Vinoo thomas rahul_mohandas__indian_cybercrime_scene - ClubHack2009

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  • Demo for audience: Perform a live internet search on an Indian celeb or breaking news and get to a compromised website that will try to install malware on the machine.
  • Verified by Visa (VBV) phishing emails for Indian banks
  • Ask the audience – which the latest version of Adobe Acrobat.
  • educate the student population in schools and colleges along with parents. children in the program are thought about using the internet safely – not just from computer viruses but from sexual predators

Vinoo thomas rahul_mohandas__indian_cybercrime_scene - ClubHack2009 Vinoo thomas rahul_mohandas__indian_cybercrime_scene - ClubHack2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Indian Cybercrime Scene
    Vinoo Thomas Rahul Mohandas
    Research Lead Research Scientist
    McAfee Labs McAfee Labs
    Caught In the Cross-Fire
  • Agenda
    Knowing the enemy – Who’s at your front door?
    India in the information age
    World “Wild” Web – Indian users caught in the cross fire
    India’s contribution to worldwide Spam, Botnet and DDOS attacks
    Regional malware
    Targeted attacks
    The future
    2
  • http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm
    India’s Growing Cyber Population
  • http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/2008/press/Worldwide%20Internet%20usage%2008.pdf
    Why do Indians go online?
  • http://www.google.com/insights/search/#
    What do Indians search online?
  • Breaking news? Think Malware
    Malware authors make use of breaking news or popular search terms to ensure a higher return on investment.
    Popular news items that were misused include:
    Searches for Michael Jackson’s death lead to malware
    Benazir Bhutto assassination, Bangalore Blasts
    Indian celebrities and cricketers
  • Riskiest Indian Celebrities
    7
    http://www.hindustantimes.com/cinema-news/mirchmasala/Ash-more-dangerous-than-Katrina/Article1-451587.aspx
  • Popular Indian Sites Compromised to Serve Malware
    8
  • World “Wild” Web
    Risks on the Web are constantly changing. A site that is safe one day, can be risky the next.
    It’s not always easy for consumers to identify which site is safe. Even experienced users can be deceived if a trusted site was compromised to serve malware.
    Thousands of legitimate web sites are compromised every day to serve malware to unsuspecting users.
    High-profile Indian sites that been compromised to serve malware include banks, security vendors, portals, businesses, as well as educational and government sites.
  • Payload and impact of users getting infected
    Compromised users on a limited bandwidth Internet plan can end up getting a huge bill at the end of month – for no fault of theirs!!
  • W32/Conficker in India vs. rest of world
    11
  • Conficker world infection map
    http://www.confickerworkinggroup.org/wiki/uploads/ANY/conficker_world_map.png
    12
  • W32/Conficker.worm - Infection Data
    http://www.team-cymru.org/Monitoring/Malevolence/conficker.html
  • Twitter-Facebook Episode
    Twitter, Facebook, Live Journal, YouTube, Fotki–what do they have in common?
    Hosted an account of a pro-Georgian blogger who went under the nickname cyxymu (taken after Sukhumi, the capital of Abkhazia, one of Georgia’s pro-Russian breakaway republics).
    They all suffered a massive distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack. The attack that was able to take down Twitter for several hours and significantly slow down connectivity to YouTube, Live Journal and Facebook .
    http://www.avertlabs.com/research/blog/index.php/2009/08/07/collateral-damage/
  • India’s Contribution to DDoS
    India’s Contribution was 8%
    http://www.avertlabs.com/research/blog/index.php/2009/08/07/collateral-damage/
  • India’s Spam Contribution
    http://www.trustedsource.org`
  • Phishers target Indian Banks
    Uses pure Social engineering to deceiveusers
    Stolen credentials make itsway to underground forumsand sold there
    Commercial Do-It-YourselfPhish kits available forIndian banks
    Increase in phish emailsobserved during Verified by Visa and MasterCard SecureCode campaign.
    17
  • Malware source code freely available
    18
  • Malware is localized and targeted
  • Exploits using MSWord, Excel,PowerPoint, WordPad areincreasingly popular
    Multiple zero-day vulnerabilities in office discovered and exploited in 2009.
    Mostly spammed to users or hosted on malicious website
    Attachment claims to contain sensitive information on Pakistani Air force.
    Exploits a patched vulnerabilityin Microsoft ms06-028 bulletin.
    Targeted Attacks: Microsoft Office
    20
  • Targeted Attacks: Adobe PDF
    21
    >80% users have Adobe Acrobat installed
    Easy to social engineer useras it’s considered trustworthy
    Over 5 new exploits releasedthis year alone includingzero-days.
    Most exploits use JavaScript to spray shellcode on heap
    Heavily deployed in webattack toolkits.
  • The future.......
  • Cyber Crime Altering Threat Landscape
    23
    • Over 1,500,000 unique malware detections in 2008
    • 1H09 up 150% from 1H08
    • Malware is heavily obfuscated with packers and compression technologies
    • 80% of threats are financially motivated, up from 50% two years ago with password stealing Trojans being rampant
    • 6500+ new variants analyzed daily
  • Why take to cybercrime?
    Low Risk
    + High Reward
    + Opportunity
    =
    Safer than traditional crime
  • 25
    Cyber Crime – India Statistics
    India: 63% of businesses have seen an increase in threats from 2008 to 2009
    India: 40% of businesses in India had an incident that cost an average of $13,543 to fix and recover from and causing revenue loss.
    India is the 14th most dangerous domain for web surfing with 3.07% of Indian websites rated Red or Yellow by McAfee Site Advisor.
    http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Infotech/Internet/Chasing-the-cyber-criminal/articleshow/5166638.cms
  • Summary - What does this mean to you?
    The malware problem is here to stay – threats are becoming more region specific and sophisticated.
    Monetary reward is the primary motivation for malware authors.
    India’s growing cyber population makes an attractive target.
    Need to improve user education and awareness at grassroots level.
    26
  • McAfee In Action
    McAfee Initiative to Fight Cybercrime
    http://www.mcafee.com/us/about/corporate/fight_cybercrime/
    http://www.dsci.in/images/stories/mcafee_announces_grant_of_rs._2.5_mn_for_dsci.pdf
    27
  • 28
    McAfee Security Resources
    Web Sites
    McAfee: http://www.mcafee.com
    Threat Center: http://www.mcafee.com/us/threat_center/default.asp
    Submit a Sample: http://vil.nai.com/vil/submit-sample.aspx
    Scan Your PC: http://home.mcafee.com/Downloads/FreeScanDownload.aspx
    Notifications
    Security Advisories: http://www.mcafee.com/us/threat_center/securityadvisory/signup.aspx
    Word of Mouth
    Blog: http://www.avertlabs.com/research/blog/
    Podcasts: http://podcasts.mcafee.com/
  • Q & A
    Thank You!
    Rahul Mohandas
    Vinoo Thomas
    vinoo@avertlabs.com
    rahul@avertlabs.com