Coaching, Is it in you? Chris Ross English 3053 Mrs. Seawright December 4, 2009
Basketball Coach A coach of male or female basketball players. Can be a Junior High, High School, College, or NBA coach. Teaches the skills and fundamentals needed to play the sport basketball. They come up with the teams plays and schemes on both offense and defense. Help their team succeed. There for guidance and motivation.
Weight Lifting Coach A coach of maybe one team or many teams of either boys or girls. Some only are the weight lifting coach for their team of which sport they chose to coach or they are the official weight lifting coach for a school or maybe even a school district. The purpose is to help their team(s) to become bigger, faster, stronger in their respected sports. They guide and motivate the athletes to do their best work and to continue to get better as time goes on. Also their to teach technique and to be a safety check, so that athletes do not get hurt while working out.
History of Basketball It all began with one man and a need for an indoor sport in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891. Dr. James Naismith was running a winter program from the local YMCA and needed a sport that could be played inside in a relatively small area. From a soccer ball and two peach baskets, basketball was born. Naismith wanted a sport that would drive participants to get exercise and also develop and test their skills, rather than rely on brute strength. The thirteen rules of basketball that Naismith created are still the basis of the professional game that is played today. The sport immediately caught on in the US and grew in world popularity to the point that it was featured in the Olympics in 1936. Naismith was flown to watch the competition in Berlin and died three years later. http://www.electro-mech.com/team-sports/basketball/history-of-basketball-in-america/
History of Weight Lifting The genealogy of lifting traces back to the beginning of recorded history where man's fascination with physical prowess can be found among numerous ancient writings. A 5,000-year-old Chinese text tells of prospective soldiers having to pass lifting tests. Ancient Greek sculptures also depict lifting feats. The weights were generally stones, but later gave way to dumbbells. The origin of the word dumbbells comes from the practice of removing clappers from bells, rendering them soundless during lifting. The first modern day Olympics were held in 1896 and weightlifting was included as an official sport. Weightlifting did not appear in the 1900 Games, but returned in 1904, and has been a regular event since 1920. In 1932, three lifts were standard: the press (eliminated in 1972), the snatch, and the clean & jerk. In 1932, there were five weight classes. Today there are eight weight classes for men and seven weight classes for women. http://weightlifting.teamusa.org/pages/1400
My Path Double Major: 1. Food, Human Nutrition and Hospitality: General Foods Concentration -Gain knowledge on the nutritional needs of athletes and how to teach it. 2. Kinesiology Concentration: Exercise Science-Fitness Specialist - Learn the movements of the body in a fitness matter. Learn the ins and outs of the human body Basketball is the sport chose to coach because it is the sport that I love and that I have the knowledge base to teach to others no matter their age. Weight Lifting was another hobby and enjoyment in life for me. I feel like with the right training, people can become what they have always dreamed of and be able to fulfill their dreams of becoming the best.
Many different paths to becoming a coach As long as you gain the States Licensure for coaching and gain a college degree, anyone can become a coach. Most universities have the path set up for the students. If you don’t decide until later down the road that you want to be a coach different licensures are being made available for coaching and teaching. As in NTL, Non-Traditional Licensure.
Life of a Basketball/Weight Lifting Coach Coaching is an all day everyday job. You truly have to have the love of the sport you are coaching to be able to be in the game day in and day out. Most of your time will be spent with your players and most of your time spent on schemes and coaching philosophies will be during the off season of your given sport. As a basketball coach and weight lifting coach you will be in charge of your teams weight programs, what your teams diet is, and also your team on the basketball court. Practice and games will become routine and also doing fun things to keep your team together and allow them time to get closer can also be part of your strategy. When you are at home most of the time plays and thoughts of what will be the best for your team in practice or in the game will be going through your head and might even show up in dreams.
What are the professionals reading? NSCA-National Strength and Conditioning Association books, website and magazines Just keeps me up to date on today’s weight lifting standards. BFS- Bigger Faster, Stronger Magazine Specialized high school athletic weight training. Encourage positive changes in the lives of young people through character education and sports fitness Bible- New American Standard These are not idle words but they are in deed my life.
What are the professionals reading? John Wooden’s a game plan to Life Coach K Both give information and knowledge that help gain insight on how to handle certain situations Both are for business and pleasure
What are the professionals reading? John Wooden’s book on UCLA offense Internet information on basketball websites Sports Illustrated All give knowledge, wisdom, and excitement
Advice from what Basketball coaches are reading I believe in three guiding leadership principles: 1.Everyone on the team must focus on the same goal. It's my job to effectively communicate those goals to the team. 2. Emphasize those goals every day. 3. Understand that although everyone has a common goal, individuals also have goals, needs, and dreams that must be cared for. -Roy Williams Instructor Randy Erickson's diverse and creative drills cover basics such as passing, ball handling, and offensive/defensive transitioning, as well as fun warm-up and end-of-practice routines. - (Coaches can find drills and warm-ups for the team that might help to give the team some new life)
A case study found in a journal read by the professionals
While there is ample evidence that motor imagery (MI) contributes to enhance motor performance, it is still unknown whether mental practice may help to improve game plans or strategies of play in open skills. The present study was thus devised to investigate the effect of MI on the learning of basketball tactical strategies in 10 national female players. Three attack movements were objectively and subjectively evaluated during a pre-test. The first game strategy was physically and mentally practiced twice a week over a 6-week period. The second was physically performed, while the third was not trained. The combination of MI and physical practice was found to significantly improve motor performance during the post-test. Scores awarded by the coach suggested that such a combination was the most efficient training condition, however, MI was not found to be significantly more efficient than physical practice alone. Hence, the results support the assumption that MI may lead to improved motor performance in open skills when compared to the no-practice condition However, additional research should be conducted to reach more conclusive results and MI should rather be considered an alternative technique to reduce physical training or prevent overtraining.
Motor imagery (MI) is a dynamic state during which an action is mentally simulated without any body movement. This technique is a multi-sensorial experience as images can include visual, auditory, tactile and kinesthetic components. Two of the principle imagery perspectives that athletes use, are internal and external visual imagery. These perspectives require the visualization of movement, using either a first- or a third-person perspective, whereas kinesthetic imagery requires to mentally perceiving muscle contractions and stretching, as well as joint amplitude. Although visual and kinesthetic imagery have been found to be significantly correlated (Callow & Hardy, 2004), specific characteristics of motor performance may be enhanced by various imagery modalities (White & Hardy, 1998). Experts have been differentiated from novices by their ability to use visual and kinesthetic imagery (Barr & Hall, 1992; Mahoney & Avener, 1977). Non-expert athletes have been found to have usually greater difficulty in feeling the movement (Guillot & Collet, 2005b; Guillot, Collet, & Dittmar, 2004), kinesthetic imagery being beneficial only with an adequate degree of expertise (Hardy & Callow, 1999). While there is ample evidence that MI contributes to enhance motor performance, self-confidence and motivation, it still remains unknown whether mental practice may help to improve game plans or strategies of play in open skills.
Advice from what Weight lifting Coaches are reading Now a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine (Aug. 13, 2009) has turned conventional wisdom on its head. The report, which is based on the largest clinical trial of its kind, indicates that graduated weight training doesn’t exacerbate and can even ease the symptoms of lymph edema. (Some articles can give coaches a confirmed look at what the correct thoughts are on a specific part of the field) A 17-year-old boy, who was a weight lifter in high school, sustained a stress fracture of the first rib. Several cases of stress fractures of the first rib have also been reported as sports-related injury, such as baseball, tennis, soccer, ballet dancer, and weight lifting (Coris and Higgins, 2005; Matsumoto et al., 2003; Mikawa and Kobori, 1991; Mithöfer and Giza, 2004; Prisk and Hamilton, 2008). In these sports, the players play elevating their upper extremities and the main cause of stress fracture has been understood as repetitive muscle action and overuse of the upper extremities. (Journals can also teach coaches that some things are more dangerous than others and allow it to be known so that they are not caught off guard if it happens in their gym)
What should professionals and students be reading? Peer reviewed products and those that are scientifically backed. Anything that keeps them up to date in the new techniques or theories. Magazines like Sports illustrated and State magazines like VIPE (Arkansas’ High School Sports Magazine) are great for a look into High School ball for kids and coaches Hooton's magazine and Sports illustrated will allow the professionals and students to get more in touch with their sport and get excited about being not only a coach but a fan as well.
What Professionals Write on the Job? Weekly written updates for workouts Practice Reports, Scouting Reports, Plays, Practice Schedules Lesson plans for class, drills and plays, requests to Athletic Director for equipment and/or money for uniforms, events, etc.
What do the professionals do to help other professionals Send Tapes of matches and send records of pins, tech faults, etc. Talk to other professionals about 2 to 4 times a week usually over email about sending tapes and talking strategy. Communication between teachers, principals and athletic directors for game scheduling and getting the kids out of class for away games if needed. Grade Reports from teachers. Game film and articles on new advancements on offense and defense.
Field Knowledge “Does not pay a lot but is very rewarding” – Coach Casey “Exciting, hands on field. You have a chance to impact lives everyday.” – Coach Loyd “Very competitive, unstable job security because of a lot of pressure to win, but is fun, and it keeps you active.” – Coach Wiley
Daily Routine Conditioning, Strength Training, Heavy weight technical training 2 hour daily practices, and 2 night a week games Watching game film and thinking of new plays Maybe teaching a class or working for the school in other ways as in a counselor or an Athletic Director
Do you have what it takes? YouTube - Basketball Skills & Tips : How to Become a Basketball Coach Many magazines, books, and websites are out there for you to gain information for the concerns you have and to see if this is what you are interested in and if you can do the job day in and day out.
Always looking to the future Begin early! Start reading up on your desired sport/field. Maybe help out as a volunteer coach and just work with the kids. Really see if you are in it for the money or fame or for the love of the game. Don’t be afraid to talk to professionals and get the answers you are seeking. Coaching jobs open up everyday and as the population grows so will the opportunities. If you have a dream go for it.
Works Cited Casey, Josh. Telephone interview. 19 Nov. 2009. Fujioka, Hiroyuki, et al. "Stress fracture of the first rib in a high school weight lifter." Journal of Sports Science & Medicine 8.2 (2009): 308-310. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. Guillot, Aymeric, Edyta Nadrowska, and Christian Collet "Using Motor Imagery to Learn Tactical Movements in Basketball." Journal of Sport Behavior 32.2 (2009): 189-206. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. King, Douglas "Backyard Lacrosse/Fielding Drills & Techniques/Coaching Your Coaches: A Guide to Coaching Fundamental Basketball." Library Journal 134.14 (2009): 83. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. Loyd, Trent. Personal interview. 24 Nov. 2009. "Weight lifting eases lymph edema symptoms in breast cancer survivors." Harvard Women's Health Watch 17.3 (2009): 5. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. Wiley, Harmon. Personal interview. 24 Nov. 2009. Williams, Roy "Knowing Leadership When You See It." U.S. News & World Report 146.10 (2009): 45. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2009.