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Need analysis

  1. 1. GROUP MEMBERS• Andy Widiarto 082084248• Febriyan D Cahyono 082084248• Prawiro Didoyo 082084248
  2. 2. SYLLABUS DEFINITION• A syllabus is an expression of opinion on the nature of language and learning; it acts as a guide for both teacher and learner by providing some goals to be attained.• A syllabus is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course. A syllabus is often either set out by an exam board, or prepared by the professor who supervises or controls the course quality. (wikipedia)• Hutchinson and Waters (1987:80) define syllabus as follows: • At its simplest level a syllabus can be described as a statement of what is to be learnt. It reflects language and linguistic performance.• This is a rather traditional interpretation of syllabus focusing on outcomes rather than process. However, a syllabus can also be seen as a "summary of the content to which learners will be exposed" (Yalden.1987). It is seen as an approximation of what will be taught and that it cannot accurately predict what will be learnt
  3. 3. CURRICULUM DEFINITION• a curriculum is the set of courses, and their content, offered at a school or university.• A curriculum is prescriptive, and is based on a more general syllabus which merely specifies what topics must be understood and to what level to achieve a particular grade or standard. (wikipedia)
  4. 4. DIFFERENCES Curriculum Syllabus1. More general in terms of the more specific goals, indicators, materials and competence.2. Covering all subjects covering only one single subject3. Refers to the subjects that are refers to the program or outline of a studied or prescribed for study in course of study. a school or in a college4. Pertains to the entire period of refers to the portions of study study in a college or a school prescribed in a particular subject meant for a particular course of study5. The complete set of taught the outline of topics covered. material in a school system.6. The subjects that are included in a a list of the topics, books, etc. that course of study or taught in a students should study in a particular school, college, etc. subject at school or college.
  5. 5. Curriculum Syllabus7. The consideration of the objectives, the the content, the list of topics/concepts to content, methods chosen to achieve be taught. those objectives. It could/should contain a consideration of the kind of assessment one will use to check progress.8. a focus of study, consisting of various simply an outline and time line of a courses all designed to reach a particular course particular proficiency or qualification.9. developed by the school district, or typically created by each individual college administration so that teachers teacher, so it focuses on a particular class. are aware of what they are expected to teach throughout the year. Similarities between Curriculum and Syllabus1. Have goals, indicators, and materials.2. In the form of official documents.
  6. 6. TYPES OF SYLLABUS1. Product-Oriented Syllabus. • This kind of syllabuses emphasizes the product of language learning and is prone to approval from an authority. There are three types of syllabus described in the following: 1. The Structural Syllabus 2. The Situational Syllabus 3. The Notional/Functional Syllabus
  7. 7. TYPES OF SYLLABUS2. Process-Oriented Syllabuses • Process-Oriented Syllabuses are developed as a result of a sense of failure in product-oriented courses to enhance communicative language skills. 1. Procedural/Task-Based Syllabus 2. Learner-Led Syllabus 3. The Proportional Syllabus
  9. 9. BACKGROUND• Most of the society, work as a fisherman.• a). They get their wage daily and it depends on the weather and season. There, when there’re many fish to catch, the local society call the season as “petengan”. And, if the fish in the sea is hard to catch, they call the season as “terangan”. Back to their wage, they earned 100.000 – 300.000 rupiahs a day as fishermen.• b). Another information about the society, that not only they work as fishermen, but also as ship drivers. The ship drivers, have a job to travel the passengers from one island to another one. And this job depends on the season. From their job, they earned 50.000 – 125.000 rupiahs a day.
  10. 10. NEED ANALYSIS• Materials • Before discussing or teaching a new particular topic, we know in advance that the students will like the topic.• Skills • Reading : - Narrative text about an ocean. - Descriptive text about an ocean with the pictures. • Speaking : - Conversation in everyday activity that is used in bargaining something in the market and asking a quantity of something on the harbor. • Vocabulary: - We teach them by showing the pictures about ocean’s stuff like net, fish, fishing rod, fishhook, and so on, so that the students know better about it. • Writing : - Narrative text about the ocean. - Descriptive text about the ocean.
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