Who shares it All over the world – personal lucky and unlucky numbers Common global beliefs – e.g. 13 is unlucky Asian communities have many superstitions with numbers Thai and Chinese superstitions
Why is it Intermediate Level? Thai Culture – odd numbers are lucky Symbols: 9 can be translated to mean "to enter” and is close to the word "rice” Meanings: “Kgaona” – progress, “Kao” Chinese Culture – 2 and 8 are the most lucky; 4 is the most unlucky Symbols: 8 sounds similar to the word “prosper” Meanings: “fā” – prosper or wealth Norms: Lottery, license plate, phone numbers
What does it show? Numbers could signify many positive and negative aspects of life. Apart from hard work and determination, people also valued luck for their successes and prosperity in life. High values.
Deep-level Culture source No clear source Beliefs could have originated long ago, passed down through generations A group of people valued luck and prosperity through numbers, popularity grew Evidence: Chinese calendar dates, addresses
Conflicts Multi-racial communities Thai-Chinese – disagreeing on which numbers are valued Too superstitious on numbers – can result in loss of money and effort (e.g. lottery, money bets)
Who shares it Northeast area of Thailand Sometimes also in central Thailand Common in rural/dry areas Agricultural culture
Why is it Intermediate Level? Rain – Purity, Goodness Believed to be gifts from the god of rain Shoot rockets to the sky as a signal for need to the god Lack of Rain – Degradation of humans Must plead with the divine powers for rain (essential for agricultural-centered communities) Cat – Hate water, “Meow” when rains Spray cat with water so it cries out -> rain
What does it show? Value placed on agriculture Adaptation of the belief system to fit: - agricultural culture - local climate Sense of community
Deep-level Culture source Animism – There are spirits in every element of nature Supernatural happenings Well-beings of human beings are influenced by higher powers
Conflicts Animal cruelty? Pointless? Western perspective: Scientific explanations Scientific methods to solve drought problems
National pride- To Americans the game was seen of more of just a friendly match but to the Chinese this was less important. The Chinese use sports to promote diplomacy, at times that has been affected by violent flare-ups by players and fans. American/China relations- The Americans where there for a friendly match that where doing a good will match tour. They want to win and one punch starts, an all out fight. Face- When there was a incident on a court, the Chinese player felt they lost face which then lead him to retaliate in order to regain some face Deep Level Cultural Aspect
The Americans came there for good will publicity in China. The Chinese wanted to win to lose was to lose face which is a huge issue in China. These two opposing mind sets contradicted on the court and only took a minor incident to spark a major brawl How might it cause Conflict?
Two sides of the conflict Americans Were there for a friendly match Collegiate basketball players Chinese There for a friendly match but national pride was on the line Chinese army team
Wanting to win It was supposed to be a friendly match but national pride was on the line Student athlete vs Army Athlete Different socioeconomic statuses of opposing teams Rich vs poor The idea of face really affected the Chinese. Why is it Intermediate Level?