Exploiting Data in the Cloud
                                               Dr Paul Miller
                               ...
cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/nickwebb/3024917166/
Getting Started
cloudofdata.com         www.flickr.com/photos/nickwebb/3024917166/
moving infrastructure to Cloud




cloudofdata.com             www.flickr.com/photos/pallotron/2480365594/
...but why not data?




cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/62327186@N00/2774206139/
‘Security’ - reason or excuse?




cloudofdata.com          www.flickr.com/photos/himmelundholle/434612787/
re-imagining the Semantic Web




 cloudofdata.com                www.flickr.com/photos/_-amy-_/3167333250/
re-imagining the Semantic Web

                                “Stop hugging
                                    your data...
eg Thomson Reuters




cloudofdata.com     www.flickr.com/photos/crowbot/2513650642/
eg UK Gov.

                  but first…

                   - recap Cloud
                  - introduce ‘Semantic’
       ...
take a step back




cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/pearbiter/141931319/
take a step back




      The Cloud




cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/pearbiter/141931319/
cloudofdata.com
                  User perspective
                  ‘Cloud’ means- device/location independence
Image © Apple




cloudofdata.com
                  User perspective
                  ‘Cloud’ means- device/location inde...
Traditional 3 layer model - there are plenty of others!
                  all ‘Cloud’… but DIFFERENT!


                  ...
outsource raw infrastructure - avoid
                                       significant CapEx
                             ...
‘does heavy lifting’
                                      concentrate on your app’s USP

                             Saa...
light weight applications, delivered over Web
                        mostly low-end disruptors for now...


             ...
data are at every level of the stack…
                         becomes more important as the
                         stac...
Rode Cloud meme in 2008.
Listen to our podcast.




 cloudofdata.com           http://tr.im/dzxm
Recent perspective on opportunity




 cloudofdata.com                    http://tr.im/gqot
Gradual transition to the
Cloud saves money
Includes Private Clouds
But data in ghettos




 cloudofdata.com
Gradual transition to the
Cloud saves money
Includes Private Clouds
But data in ghettos




 cloudofdata.com
Gradual transition to the
Cloud saves money
Includes Private Clouds
But data in ghettos




 cloudofdata.com
Gradual transition to the
Cloud saves money
Includes Private Clouds
But data in ghettos




 cloudofdata.com
Gradual transition to the
Cloud saves money
Includes Private Clouds
But data in ghettos




 cloudofdata.com
TimBL’s TED talk reminded me of this...                                     Image © 2008, David Simonds

March 2008 Econom...
cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/303503677/
The Semantic Web



  http://tr.im/flqo

cloudofdata.com      www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/303503677/
recent, useful.

                             ore                                                  cast Tom Scott on BBC
 ...
complex early vision




  cloudofdata.com      www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=the-semantic-web
complex early vision




   http://tr.im/timbl
   http://tr.im/hendler
  cloudofdata.com         www.sciam.com/article.cfm...
URI - 1994
                            XML - 1998
                            RDF - 1999/ 2004
                           ...
simple principles, pragmatically applied




  cloudofdata.com                          linkeddata.org/
reaches back to
TimBL’s original
vision of the
  cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/3212373419/
Read/Write Web
“the Web done
                             right”
                    Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2008




reaches back to
TimBL’...
cloudofdata.com   www.opencalais.com/
http://tr.im/pridor
                  http://tr.im/calais4




cloudofdata.com             www.opencalais.com/
Slide © 2009, Thomson Reuters




                                                                                        ...
Slide © 2009, Thomson Reuters




cloudofdata.com
NSF, JISC etc getting
to grips with massive
data sets




 cloudofdata.com        www.diggingintodata.org/
Amazon - ‘public’ data free
                  online, avoiding net work
                  costs of loading data




cloudo...
Amazon - ‘public’ data free
                  online, avoiding net work
                  costs of loading data




cloudo...
cut costs, mass produce, standardise -
                  create opportunities for growth




cloudofdata.com              ...
cut costs, mass produce, standardise -
                   create opportunities for growth



      Data as Commodity




c...
data is a cost
we treat all data as Core and confidential
most actually Context and a commodity
 cloudofdata.com           ...
“from Data Centre
  to data-centric”
  JP Rangaswami, 2009




data is a cost
we treat all data as Core and confidential
mo...
lots of closed doors
some hide monsters!
presumption is ‘No’
presumption should be ‘Yes’




 cloudofdata.com
What if…
-crowdsourced address updates
-wisdom of crowds, like GoldCorp mining
data in Canada
-expose some commercial data...
‘The Data Exhaust’




 cloudofdata.com     www.flickr.com/photos/big-ashb/535904273/
common to try to copyright data… or to
use a CC license to ‘do the right thing’.
Copyright does not apply, and as CC based...
common to try to copyright data… or to
use a CC license to ‘do the right thing’.
Copyright does not apply, and as CC based...
Image for illustrative purposes.
I am not applying a CC0 license
to this presentation.




Contract Law works… or initiati...
cloudofdata.com   www.flickr.com/photos/king-edward/2152782252/
Closing Thoughts
cloudofdata.com          www.flickr.com/photos/king-edward/2152782252/
cloudofdata.com
most data ‘context’ not ‘core’

             but we apply one size fits all thinking…

             move from a presumption...
most data ‘context’ not ‘core’

             but we apply one size fits all thinking…

             move from a presumption...
please…

                            Even NYT did last week




“Stop hugging
your data”
Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2009
cloudof...
cloud of data




  Thank you                                                                                             ...
credit Paul Miller, The Cloud of Data
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Exploiting Data in the Cloud

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My presentation to the ISKO UK Conference in London on 23 June 2009, in which I discussed Cloud Computing, the Semantic Web, and the opportunities offered by broader adoption of Linked Data Principles.

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Exploiting Data in the Cloud

  1. 1. Exploiting Data in the Cloud Dr Paul Miller The Cloud of Data paul.miller@cloudofdata.com cloudofdata.com
  2. 2. cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/nickwebb/3024917166/
  3. 3. Getting Started cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/nickwebb/3024917166/
  4. 4. moving infrastructure to Cloud cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/pallotron/2480365594/
  5. 5. ...but why not data? cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/62327186@N00/2774206139/
  6. 6. ‘Security’ - reason or excuse? cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/himmelundholle/434612787/
  7. 7. re-imagining the Semantic Web cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/_-amy-_/3167333250/
  8. 8. re-imagining the Semantic Web “Stop hugging your data” Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2009 http://tr.im/timblvideo cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/_-amy-_/3167333250/
  9. 9. eg Thomson Reuters cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/crowbot/2513650642/
  10. 10. eg UK Gov. but first… - recap Cloud - introduce ‘Semantic’ or Data Web cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/lorentey/1438477358/
  11. 11. take a step back cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/pearbiter/141931319/
  12. 12. take a step back The Cloud cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/pearbiter/141931319/
  13. 13. cloudofdata.com User perspective ‘Cloud’ means- device/location independence
  14. 14. Image © Apple cloudofdata.com User perspective ‘Cloud’ means- device/location independence
  15. 15. Traditional 3 layer model - there are plenty of others! all ‘Cloud’… but DIFFERENT! Software/Application [as a Service] (SaaS) Platform [as a Service] (PaaS) Infrastructure [as a Service] (IaaS) cloudofdata.com
  16. 16. outsource raw infrastructure - avoid significant CapEx scale to meet demand - Eli Lilly, payroll SaaS - IBM Blue Cloud hybrid PaaS Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) computers (Amazon EC2, Rackspace, GoGrid...) storage (Amazon S3, MobileMe, Google Drive...) Elasticity (Rightscale…) Bandwidth (Limelight, Amazon CloudFront…) Electricity Cooling etc. cloudofdata.com
  17. 17. ‘does heavy lifting’ concentrate on your app’s USP SaaS Platform as a Service (PaaS) Salesforce force.com Apprenda SaaSGrid Google App Engine Microsoft Azure Appistry Talis Platform IaaS cloudofdata.com
  18. 18. light weight applications, delivered over Web mostly low-end disruptors for now... Software as a Service (SaaS) Google Apps, Zoho Acrobat.com, iWork.com Kashflow, Sage Live WordPress.com MobileMe Salesforce.com PaaS IaaS cloudofdata.com
  19. 19. data are at every level of the stack… becomes more important as the stack commoditises SaaS Data PaaS IaaS cloudofdata.com
  20. 20. Rode Cloud meme in 2008. Listen to our podcast. cloudofdata.com http://tr.im/dzxm
  21. 21. Recent perspective on opportunity cloudofdata.com http://tr.im/gqot
  22. 22. Gradual transition to the Cloud saves money Includes Private Clouds But data in ghettos cloudofdata.com
  23. 23. Gradual transition to the Cloud saves money Includes Private Clouds But data in ghettos cloudofdata.com
  24. 24. Gradual transition to the Cloud saves money Includes Private Clouds But data in ghettos cloudofdata.com
  25. 25. Gradual transition to the Cloud saves money Includes Private Clouds But data in ghettos cloudofdata.com
  26. 26. Gradual transition to the Cloud saves money Includes Private Clouds But data in ghettos cloudofdata.com
  27. 27. TimBL’s TED talk reminded me of this... Image © 2008, David Simonds March 2008 Economist Remarkably similar to - and different from - Enterprise data in the Cloud? cloudofdata.com www.economist.com/business/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10880936
  28. 28. cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/303503677/
  29. 29. The Semantic Web http://tr.im/flqo cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/303503677/
  30. 30. recent, useful. ore cast Tom Scott on BBC includes ologyf Techn al y journ arterl A qu 2009 g Sprin 32 ateg y for ” I ’s str messy B A CIO king “ rethin eb 20 eman tic W sue In t his is gS Makin ctions conne 04 ata W eb ad ning Spin cloudofdata.com www.pwc.com/techforecast
  31. 31. complex early vision cloudofdata.com www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=the-semantic-web
  32. 32. complex early vision http://tr.im/timbl http://tr.im/hendler cloudofdata.com www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=the-semantic-web
  33. 33. URI - 1994 XML - 1998 RDF - 1999/ 2004 OWL - 2004 SPARQL - 2008 Applications - 2007/8 cloudofdata.com Image © World Wide Web Consortium
  34. 34. simple principles, pragmatically applied cloudofdata.com linkeddata.org/
  35. 35. reaches back to TimBL’s original vision of the cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/3212373419/ Read/Write Web
  36. 36. “the Web done right” Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2008 reaches back to TimBL’s original vision of the cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/3212373419/ Read/Write Web
  37. 37. cloudofdata.com www.opencalais.com/
  38. 38. http://tr.im/pridor http://tr.im/calais4 cloudofdata.com www.opencalais.com/
  39. 39. Slide © 2009, Thomson Reuters 5 Metadata 3 Which provides 1 returned to the information and other Linked Unstructured user with keys Data pointers Text 4 Keys provide access to the Calais Linked Data cloud 2 Calais extracts entities, facts and To a range of open 6 events and partner Linked data assets – possibly including including Thomson Reuters TR in the future cloudofdata.com
  40. 40. Slide © 2009, Thomson Reuters cloudofdata.com
  41. 41. NSF, JISC etc getting to grips with massive data sets cloudofdata.com www.diggingintodata.org/
  42. 42. Amazon - ‘public’ data free online, avoiding net work costs of loading data cloudofdata.com aws.amazon.com/publicdatasets/
  43. 43. Amazon - ‘public’ data free online, avoiding net work costs of loading data cloudofdata.com aws.amazon.com/publicdatasets/
  44. 44. cut costs, mass produce, standardise - create opportunities for growth cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/starrett/3123216825/
  45. 45. cut costs, mass produce, standardise - create opportunities for growth Data as Commodity cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/starrett/3123216825/
  46. 46. data is a cost we treat all data as Core and confidential most actually Context and a commodity cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/dsifry/2104378305/ Think Different!
  47. 47. “from Data Centre to data-centric” JP Rangaswami, 2009 data is a cost we treat all data as Core and confidential most actually Context and a commodity cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/dsifry/2104378305/ Think Different!
  48. 48. lots of closed doors some hide monsters! presumption is ‘No’ presumption should be ‘Yes’ cloudofdata.com
  49. 49. What if… -crowdsourced address updates -wisdom of crowds, like GoldCorp mining data in Canada -expose some commercial data, in return cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/davehamster/531768924/ for benefits from competitor insight
  50. 50. ‘The Data Exhaust’ cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/big-ashb/535904273/
  51. 51. common to try to copyright data… or to use a CC license to ‘do the right thing’. Copyright does not apply, and as CC based on copyright, CC doesn’t work either. © cloudofdata.com
  52. 52. common to try to copyright data… or to use a CC license to ‘do the right thing’. Copyright does not apply, and as CC based on copyright, CC doesn’t work either. X © does not apply cloudofdata.com
  53. 53. Image for illustrative purposes. I am not applying a CC0 license to this presentation. Contract Law works… or initiatives opendatacommons.org cloudofdata.com such as CC0 and Open Data Commons. wiki.creativecommons.org/CCZero
  54. 54. cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/king-edward/2152782252/
  55. 55. Closing Thoughts cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/king-edward/2152782252/
  56. 56. cloudofdata.com
  57. 57. most data ‘context’ not ‘core’ but we apply one size fits all thinking… move from a presumption of ‘No’ to a presumption of ‘Yes’ data as commodity; can we let go? cloudofdata.com
  58. 58. most data ‘context’ not ‘core’ but we apply one size fits all thinking… move from a presumption of ‘No’ to a presumption of ‘Yes’ data as commodity; can we let go? Semantic Web thinking lets us address data at Web scale the primacy of the link cloudofdata.com
  59. 59. please… Even NYT did last week “Stop hugging your data” Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2009 cloudofdata.com www.flickr.com/photos/scobleizer/2510349462/
  60. 60. cloud of data Thank you Download this presentation slideshare.net/cloudofdata Dr Paul Miller The Cloud of Data paul.miller@cloudofdata.com Made on a skype: cloudofdata Mac phone: +44 7769 740083 Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence. To view a copy of this licence, visit creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ or send a letter to cloudofdata.com Creative Commons, 171 Second St, San Francisco, CA 94105, United States of America
  61. 61. credit Paul Miller, The Cloud of Data

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