The Evolution of Machine Learning
from Science to Software
Federal Forum 2014
Sean Owen / Director of Data Science / Cloud...
What We Talk About When
We Talk About Data Science

2
www.quora.com/Data-Science/What-is-the-difference-between-a-data-scientist-and-a-statistician
3
4
tist
5
Data Science Is Exploratory Analytics?

www.tc.umn.edu/~zief0002/Comparing-Groups/blog.html
thenextweb.com/microsoft/2013/...
7
Example:
•
•
•
•
•
•

Search, ML over Patient Data
MapReduce for indexing, learning
HBase for storage and fast access
Also...
Adding Operational Analytics

9
2014: Lab to Factory

10
Data Science Will Be Operational Analytics

11
I Built A Model. Now What?

Collect Input

Repeat

12

Build Model

Query Model
I Built A Model On Hadoop. Now What?

?

Collect Input

?
Repeat

13

Build Model

?

Query Model
Example: Oryx

14
www.mwttl.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/IMG_5446_edited-2_mwttl.jpg
15
Gaps to fill, and Goals
•

Model Building
•
•
•
•

•

Model Serving
•
•

16

Large-scale
Continuous
Apache Hadoop™-based
F...
Large-Scale or Real-Time?
Large-Scale
Offline
Batch

vs

Real-Time
Online
Streaming

Why Don’t We Have Both?

λ!
17
Lambda Architecture
Batch, Stream
Processing are different
• Tackle separately in
2+ Layers
• Batch Layer: offline,
asynch...
Batch

19

Serving/Speed
Two Layers
•

Computation Layer
•
•
•

•
•

Java-based server process
Client of Hadoop 2.x
Periodically builds
“generation...
Collaborative Filtering : ALS
•
•
•
•
•
•

21

Alternating Least Squares
Latent-factor model
Accepts implicit or
explicit ...
Clustering : k-means++
Well-known and
understood
• Parallelizable
• Clusters updateable
•

cwiki.apache.org/confluence/dis...
Classification / Regression : RDF
•
•
•
•
•
•

23

Random Decision Forests
Ensemble method
Numeric, categorical
features a...
PMML
Predictive Modeling
Markup Language
• XML-based format for
predictive models
• Standardized by Data
Mining Group
(www...
HTTP REST API
•
•
•
•
•

25

Convention for RPC-like
request / response
HTTP verbs, transport
GET : query
POST : add input...
Wish List
•

Revamp workflow
•

•

Spark / Crunch-like API,
not raw M/R

De-emphasize model
building
Well-solved
• Bring y...
Open Source

github.com/cloudera/oryx
100% Apache License 2.0

27
Cloudera Federal Forum 2014: The Evolution of Machine Learning from Science to Software
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Cloudera Federal Forum 2014: The Evolution of Machine Learning from Science to Software

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Director, Data Science at Cloudera Sean Owen, shares thoughts on data science and advanced analytics.

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Cloudera Federal Forum 2014: The Evolution of Machine Learning from Science to Software

  1. 1. The Evolution of Machine Learning from Science to Software Federal Forum 2014 Sean Owen / Director of Data Science / Cloudera 1
  2. 2. What We Talk About When We Talk About Data Science 2
  3. 3. www.quora.com/Data-Science/What-is-the-difference-between-a-data-scientist-and-a-statistician 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. tist 5
  6. 6. Data Science Is Exploratory Analytics? www.tc.umn.edu/~zief0002/Comparing-Groups/blog.html thenextweb.com/microsoft/2013/07/08/microsoft-brings-the-office-store-to-22-new-markets-adds-power-bi-an-intelligence-tool-to-office-365/ 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Example: • • • • • • Search, ML over Patient Data MapReduce for indexing, learning HBase for storage and fast access Also: Storm for incremental update And: relational DB for most recent derived data API façade for input; API for querying learning Engineering 8 Machine Learning engineering.cerner.com/2013/02/near-real-time-processing-over-hadoop-and-hbase/
  9. 9. Adding Operational Analytics 9
  10. 10. 2014: Lab to Factory 10
  11. 11. Data Science Will Be Operational Analytics 11
  12. 12. I Built A Model. Now What? Collect Input Repeat 12 Build Model Query Model
  13. 13. I Built A Model On Hadoop. Now What? ? Collect Input ? Repeat 13 Build Model ? Query Model
  14. 14. Example: Oryx 14
  15. 15. www.mwttl.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/IMG_5446_edited-2_mwttl.jpg 15
  16. 16. Gaps to fill, and Goals • Model Building • • • • • Model Serving • • 16 Large-scale Continuous Apache Hadoop™-based Few, good algorithms Real-time query Real-time update • Algorithms • • • • Parallelizable Updateable Works on diverse input Interoperable • • • PMML model format Simple REST API Open source
  17. 17. Large-Scale or Real-Time? Large-Scale Offline Batch vs Real-Time Online Streaming Why Don’t We Have Both? λ! 17
  18. 18. Lambda Architecture Batch, Stream Processing are different • Tackle separately in 2+ Layers • Batch Layer: offline, asynchronous • Serving / Speed Layer: real-time, incremental, approximate • … λ? jameskinley.tumblr.com/post/37398560534/the-lambda-architecture-principles-for-architecting 18
  19. 19. Batch 19 Serving/Speed
  20. 20. Two Layers • Computation Layer • • • • • Java-based server process Client of Hadoop 2.x Periodically builds “generation” from recent data and past model Baby-sits MapReduce* jobs (or, locally in-core) Publishes models • Serving Layer • • • • • • * Apache Spark later 20 Apache Tomcat™-based server process Consumes models from HDFS (or local FS) Serves queries from model in memory Updates from new input Also writes input to HDFS Replicas for scale
  21. 21. Collaborative Filtering : ALS • • • • • • 21 Alternating Least Squares Latent-factor model Accepts implicit or explicit feedback Real-time update via fold-in of input No cold-start Parallelizable YT X
  22. 22. Clustering : k-means++ Well-known and understood • Parallelizable • Clusters updateable • cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAHOUT/K-Means+Clustering 22
  23. 23. Classification / Regression : RDF • • • • • • 23 Random Decision Forests Ensemble method Numeric, categorical features and target Very parallel Nodes updateable Works well on many problems age$ 30 >$ female? income$ 20000 >$ Yes Yes Yes No
  24. 24. PMML Predictive Modeling Markup Language • XML-based format for predictive models • Standardized by Data Mining Group (www.dmg.org) • Wide tool support • <PMML xmlns="http://www.dmg.org/PMML-4_1" version="4.1"> <Header copyright="www.dmg.org"/> <DataDictionary numberOfFields="5"> <DataField name="temperature" optype="continuous" dataType="double"/> … </DataDictionary> <TreeModel modelName="golfing" functionName="classification"> <MiningSchema> <MiningField name="temperature"/> … </MiningSchema> <Node score="will play"> <Node score="will play"> <SimplePredicate field="outlook" operator="equal" value="sunny"/> … </Node> </Node> </TreeModel> </PMML> www.dmg.org/v4-1/TreeModel.html 24
  25. 25. HTTP REST API • • • • • 25 Convention for RPC-like request / response HTTP verbs, transport GET : query POST : add input Easy from browser, CLI, Java, Python, Scala, etc. GET /recommend/jwills HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: text/plain "Ray LaMontagne",0.951 "Fleet Foxes",0.7905 "The National",0.688 "Shearwater",0.3017
  26. 26. Wish List • Revamp workflow • • Spark / Crunch-like API, not raw M/R De-emphasize model building Well-solved • Bring your own • 26 More component-ized • Less black-box service • Emphasize integration • • • PMML, etc. “Pull” options • • Kafka? Hive / Impala ?
  27. 27. Open Source github.com/cloudera/oryx 100% Apache License 2.0 27

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