Arts in the roaring twentiesPresentation Transcript
Roaring twenties Arts – Architecture, sculpture and painting Anais Vidal, Clara Ponte .
THE ROARING TWENTIES
2) Art deco
The Roaring 20's was a colorful decade in the United States. There were other nicknames for the 1920's like the Jazz Age and the Dollar Decade. This age began with the ending of World War I and lasted until the Market Crash of 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression. The changes of the 1920's affected almost everything , from the change in women, the automobile, and prohibition, and ARTS.
Art Deco was the style of design and architecture that marked the era. Originating in Belgium , it spread to the rest of western Europe and North America towards the mid-1920s. In the U.S., one of the most remarkable buildings featuring this style was constructed as the tallest building of the time: the Chrysler Building . The forms of art deco were pure and geometric, even though the artists often drew inspiration from nature. In the beginning, lines were curved, though rectilinear designs would later become more and more popular.
Art Deco buildings have many of these features:
Ziggurat shapes: Terraced pyramid with each story smaller than the one below it
Complex groupings of rectangles or trapezoids
Bands of color
Strong sense of line
Illusion of pillars
Expressionism and Surrealism
Painting in North America during the 1920s developed in a different direction than that of Europe. In Europe, the 1920s were the era of expressionism , and later surrealism . As Man Ray stated in 1920 after the publication of a unique issue of New York Dada : " Dada cannot live in New York".
Expressionism developed during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Expressionis was opposed to academic standards that had prevailed in Europe and emphasized artist's subjective emotion , which overrides fidelity to the actual appearance of things. The subjects of expressionist works were frequently distorted, or otherwise altered. Landmarks of this movement were violent colors and exaggerated lines that helped contain intense emotional expression. Application of formal elements is vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic . Expressionist were trying to pinpoint the expression of inner experience rather than solely realistic portrayal, seeking to depict not objective reality but the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in them.
Three painters too great to be contained by Surrealism - Picasso , Klee and Miro - produced Surrealist work, while remaining somewhat aloof from the group. Miro and Picasso created improvisatory images and techniques that were ambiguous and suggestive rather than figurative. The Three Dancers, painted by Picasso in 1925, is a brilliant example of this kind of painting. Klee's 'poetry of the heart', was a deceptively simple attempt to transcend the gulf between people and nature, and is at once abstract and representational.
The most famous painter of Surrealist Art was Salvador Dali . Born in Figueras, Catalonia, Spain, Dali was strongly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theories and moved to Paris in the late 1920s, joining the Surrealists. The imaginative dream world of Dali’s art contains everyday objects realistically depicted, but deformed or weirdly juxtaposed with other objects, creating a hallucinatory view. Surrealist Art showcases eccentricity and idiosyncracy, declaring it is not indicative of madness . Dali, considered quite idiosyncratic, said there was only one difference between himself and a madman—he was not mad. A capitalist and supporter of Spain’s Francisco Franco’s fascist dictatorship, Dali was considered a traitor to the philosophy of Surrealism and was excommunicated from the group by Breton in the late 1930s.