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At the core of architectural teaching is the Design Review or Critique in which students present their work to both their tutors and peers to receive immediate formative feedback.

At the core of architectural teaching is the Design Review or Critique in which students present their work to both their tutors and peers to receive immediate formative feedback.

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    Mike knight Mike knight Presentation Transcript

    • architectural design reviewsa collaborative system between Liverpool and XJTLUFunded by the eLearning Steering GroupMike Knight, Andre Brown and Martin WinchesterSchool of Architecture
    • background teaching of architectureMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • teaching of architecture professionally validated degree Royal Institute of British Architects qualification stages... Part 1 BA (Hons) Architecture 3 years Year in practice Part 2 MA - Master of Architecture 2 years Year in practice Part 3 Professional Practice exam Advanced Diploma in Professional PracticeMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • teaching of architecture Liverpool School of Architecture is the oldest RIBA course in the world with the pattern of education established here ... • 50% taught modules • 50% studio based • studio design teaching is based around small group teaching and the design review or ‘critique’Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • design is a collaborative processMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • addMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Enric Miralles – conceptual drawing for Santa Caterina market, Barcelona
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • design review (or ‘crit’)• students present their work to tutors and their peers• mimics what happens in practice when presenting clients and internal design processes• a ‘crit’ is a dialogue between student, critic and peers• Cultural differences evident in performance at a crit• length varies according to year of study First year : 15mins final year : 45mins - 1 hour+• work presented verbal presentation plus analogue and digital drawings / sketchbooks / physical models / digital animations etcMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • First year crit
    • First year critMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • final year critMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • XJTLUMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • XJTLU• common foundation first year• subject specific second year - mirrors Liverpool BA1 modules current numbers first year : 128 second year : 101Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • XJTLU• common foundation first year• subject specific second year - mirrors Liverpool BA1 modules current numbers first year : 128 second year : 101 September 2102 : 160 XJTLU students join BA2 current research is allow XJTLU students to experience design reviews in Liverpool before they arriveMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • low cost eCrit solution?Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • problem definition mobile solution to give student experience of Liverpool teaching before they arrive video feed 3 cameras required ... camera 1 : student (tripod) camera 2 : critics (tripod) camera 3 : work (mobile) audio feed 2 microphones required ... microphone 1: student microphone 2: criticsMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • • System diagramMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Liverpool SuzhouMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • solutions ‘standard’ video conferencing + high quality and proven - expensive fixed location does not give the atmosphere of a studio based reviewMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • known problems • design reviews are noisy and busy • students unfamiliar with being filmed • time difference to Suzhou is 8 hours • Skype bandwidth can be unpredictable • Chinese government control of internet • small amount of money availableMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • systemSoftware (all streaming to Skype)• Vidblaster (vidblaster.com) podcasting software and digital stream mixer• Xsplit (xsplit.com) record and stream video streamshardware• 3 high quality Logitech webcams• 2 hand held microphones (later wireless)• audio mixing deskrequires a powerful laptop to stream and record simultaneouslyMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • initial resultsMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • testing processstep 1 : local recordingstep 2 : test with known quality sourcestep 3 : initial tests with XJTLUMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • step 1 : local recordingtest of hardware, software and logisticstest recording of crit and tutorial recording of MA groupcurrent MA is 97% Chinesetesting of hardware and softwarelooking for unforeseen logistical problemsassessment of student feedbackMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • overall view of students plus ‘picture in picture’ of handheld detailMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • full screen of handheld detailMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • overall view of detail plus ‘picture in picture of overall viewMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • view of criticsMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • overall view of detail plus ‘picture in picture’ of studentsMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • spit view of students and criticsMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • tutorial recordingMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • stage 1 : results• overall, better than expected• noise : Chinese students are noisier in crits than UK students• setup and moving of equipment needs to be quicker and simpler• students need to learn a slightly different process• minor changes to hardware and software configurationsunexpected feedback from students : students found recording process useful to assess their own performanceMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • step 2 : test with known quality sourceTechnical University of Graz crit of undergraduate architecture students who were designing a scheme in Liverpool known excellent network link qualityMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • deteriorating video qualityMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Skype shared desktopMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Skype shared desktopMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • screenshot from GrazMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • step 2 : results• some good, some problemsgood• hardware and software largely worked well apart from connection problems to old projector• use of Skype shared desktop for digital presentationsproblems• intermittent and unpredictable Skype line quality• dropped connectionsMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • stage 3 : testing with XJTLU original plan was to test with the final crit in XJTLUbut ... logistical problems (crits at incompatible times/dates) and other staff commitments resulted in a full crit test not happening measurements have been taken during regular Skype meetings line quality is mainly average and frequently poor.Mike Knight : School of Architecture
    • overall conclusions• hardware / software worked more smoothly than anticipated• software has a fairly steep familiarisation period• student feedback has been largely positive, but some prior education/familiarisation is necessary• Skype maybe not the best solution so other networks are being tested oovoo oovoo.com vsee vsee.comMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • future workhardware consolidate and rationalise hardware to make more portable build into laptop and mixer in to system caseMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • future workdepartmental plan is to have a full working system in 2012-13• full testing with XJTLU• recording and streaming of lectures in Liverpool• back-to-back comparison of different networksMike Knight : School of Architecture
    • Mike Knight : School of Architecture