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  • 1. The development of blended L&T methods for curriculum optimisation in technology-centric programmes
    ZenonMichaelides
    University of Liverpool Management School
  • 2. Introduction
    Current model:
    Cohorts of ever-increasing numbers of international students from diverse cultural and social backgrounds, with varying academic abilities, often with different expectations(from both sides).
    The challenges include:
    Internationalisation:the need to develop a more pragmatic & systemic coherent approach, for managing learning and teaching under such conditions.
    Huge numbers: the need for a change strategy: development of a “self-service” approach to L&T; introduction of a “pull” approach vs. the “push” method for managing synergies.
    2 of 15
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    21/06/2010
  • 3. Aims
    Introduction of a “blended teaching and learning” approach, for enabling primarily technology-centric subjects, which are traditionally seminar-based.
    3 of 15
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    21/06/2010
  • 4. Change models & literature
    Lewin’s (1951) model based on unfreezing existing behaviours and re-freezing new behaviours by introducing additional/behavioural change:
    Research addressing the internationalisation experience in UK higher education suggests that “research neglects to explore the complexities of interactions between students and academics from many different cultures” Hyland et al (2008)
    4 of 15
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    21/06/2010
  • 5. Current challenges
    Student numbers-[increase of 150%].
    Language-[increasing cases of poor performance related to poor English language skills].
    Dominance by certain student groups-[classes comprising of 90% students of Asian origin].
    Cultural-related issues-[assessment, evaluations, feedback, affecting participation].
    Varying levels of competence, limited exposure to advanced systems, no common platform.
    Frustration on both sides
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    5 of 15
    21/06/2010
  • 6. Proposed outcomes
    L&T methods which overcome cultural barriers.
    Technology becomes the baseline communication tool, an enabler. Less focus on language, [students with less of an ability in language are not disadvantaged].
    Dominance by single groups is less evident.
    21/06/2010
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    6 of 15
  • 7. Deployment plan
    Student Questionnaire to 2010-2011 cohort:
    Which method do you prefer
    There was almost an even split, with 47.9% preferring blended learning over traditional face-to-face method.
    Only 5% preferred the e-learning only method
    21/06/2010
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    7 of 15
  • 8. Conclusions
    Current methods of delivering technology-based content are constrained by a number of factors, including large student numbers from diverse cultural, academic and ethnic backgrounds.
    Blended L&T methods allow a diversion of resources and operations in a more optimal, efficient, and effectivemanner, in dealing with the constrains associated with the above mentioned factors in HE.
    21/06/2010
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    8 of 15
  • 9. Thank you
    Questions?
    21/06/2010
    Zenon Michaelides, ULMS
    9 of 15