Reported Speech• “I love Chris.” 1 week ago• “I love Dave.” 1 week later• But last week, you SAID that you LOVED Chris!!• We use reported speech to give information about past conversations. Therefore, we must change the tense of the verb from the present to the past.
Typical changes for reported speech• I’m from London. > He said he was from London.• Present > Past• I’ve been to New York. > He said he had been to NY.• Present perfect > Past Perfect• I went to Rome last summer. > He said he had gone to Rome the previous summer.• Past > Past Perfect• I will visit Paris. > He said he would visit Paris.• Will > would• I can’t speak French. > He said he couldn’t speak French.• Can > could• I must learn some French > He said he had to learn some French.• Must > Had to
Reporting verbs• You can use other verbs and• not just say (said)• TELL -“Sit down.” She told me to sit down.• ADVISE -“You should go to the doctor.” She advised me to go to the doctor.• Tell/advise someone to do something• OFFER -“I’ll help you.” She offered to help me.• PROMISE – “I will love you forever!!”• He promised to love her forever.• Offer/promise to do something
Reporting verbs• There are lots of reporting verbs:• SUGGEST – “Why don’t we go to the cinema? “• He suggested going to the cinema.• ADMIT – “I made a mistake.”• He admitted making a mistake.• Suggest/admit doing something• ARGUE – “I think we have to invest more money.”• He argued that they had to invest more money.• ASK – “Where is the station? “• She asked me where the station was.• * the verb comes at the end.