Representation other theorist

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  • 1. Representation Other theorist to consider along with Stuart Hall.
  • 2. Feminist Theory Laura Mulvey • Theory: ‘The Male Gaze’ • Set out in her book • Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema. Written in 1975
  • 3. Laura Mulvey • “The cinema apparatus of Hollywood cinema puts the audience in a masculine subject position with the woman on the screen seen as an object of desire. Film and cinematography are structures upon ideas. Protagonists tended to be men.”
  • 4. Laura Mulvey • Mulvey suggests two distinct modes of male gaze voyeristic (women as whores) and fetishistic women as unreachable madonnas. • Mulvey also suggest that women are narcissistic: “women watching film see themselves reflected on the screen.”
  • 5. Laura Mulvey • People who criticise her ideas say that she is ignoring the fact that all genders male and female want to feel dominated and overwhelmed by the cinema experience. Also, she ignores the fact that men are capable of metaphoric transvestism whereby they are able to view the film from the perspective of a woman.
  • 6. Subculture Dick Hebdidge • Representation of Groups • From his book, • ‘Subculture and The Meaning of Style’
  • 7. Dick Hebdidge • Dick Hebdidge explains a subculture as a group of like minded individuals who feel neglected by the dominant societal standards and who develop a sense of identity that is different to the expected identity.
  • 8. Dick Hebdidge • Hebdidge refers to Ken Gelder’s list of the ways in which a subculture can be recognised, which is: • 1) Often have negative relationship to work • 2) Negative or ambivalent relationship to class • 3) Through their associations with territory • (The street, the hood, the club) rather than property
  • 9. Dick Hebdidge • 4) Through their stylistic ties to excess • 5) Through their movement out of home into non-domestic forms of belonging (social groups as opposed to family) • 6) Through their refusal to engage with what they might see as the banalities of life.
  • 10. Dick Hebdidge • Hebdidge also states that the “Other ways of recognising a subculture might be through the symbolism attached to clothes, music and visual affectations like tattoos etc. Hebdidge concludes that subcultural values are often associated with being cool.