Health and safety made simple

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Health and Safety Made Simple based on INDG 449 produced by the Health and safety executive UK and additional information provided by Clive Burgess 'clive Live' October 2011
This slide show should be usede with PBOG the sociology of organisational life... for more information email clive154@live.co.uk... thank you

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Health and safety made simple

  1. 1. Health & Safety Made Simple ...the basics for your business by Clive Burgess INDG 449 – Simple Guidelines October 2011Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  2. 2. Health & Safety Made SimpleWhat we will cover and what the micro-site containsA need for a Competent personHealth and Safety policies for businessesArrangements for first aid, accidents and ill healthManage the risks in business and risk assessingConsultation with employeesProvide training and information for employeesProvide the right workplace facilitiesDisplay the health and safety law posterGet insurance for the businessKeep up to date... get a business plan and produce afire risk assessment Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  3. 3. Health & Safety Made SimpleThe Health & Safety Executive (HSE) has launched a newmicro-site for employers, Health and Safety Made Simple.The INDG 449The basics for your business, has been designed to make iteasier for employers to comply with the law and managehealth and safety at work.The micro-site gives employers and sole traders basicinformation on what they must do to ensure their businesscomplies with health and safety law.These slides give a brief insight into what is requiredunder the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  4. 4. Health & Safety Made SimpleThe site contains sections to help businessowners:●Decide who will help with their duties●Write a health and safety policy for their business●Manage the risks in their business●Consult their employees●Provide training and information Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  5. 5. Health & Safety Made Simple●Provide the right workplace facilities●Deal with first aid, accidents and ill health●Display the health and safety law poster●Get insurance for their business●Keep up to dateClive Burgess copyright October 2011A feature of the site is ‘Stop check!’ boxes,which tell visitors when you may need to takeextra steps, and provide signposts to moredetailed guidance and industry-specific advice
  6. 6. Health & Safety Made SimpleThe INDG 449 booklet or PDF offers basic information to help youcomply with the law...Stop check!The guide includes ‘Stop check!’ boxes – they tell you whenyou may need to take extra steps and provide signposts tomore detailed guidance and industry-specific advice. HSE website Stop Check! Sign Posts Comply Guidelines Plan Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  7. 7. Health & Safety Made SimpleAn employer, must appoint someone competent to help themmeet their health and safety duties. A competent person issomeone with the necessary skills, knowledge andexperience to manage health and safety.They could appoint (one or a combination of):The employer themselves... one or more of their workers...someone from outside their business...Follow the links below for further information...Get competent advice (www.hse.gov.uk/business/competent-advice.htmHSE leaflet: Getting specialist help with health and safety (www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg420.pdf)Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  8. 8. Health & Safety Made SimpleHealth and Safety Policy:If a business has five or more employees, they must have awritten policy.The policy does not need to be complicated or time-consuming.To help the HSE have created a template that can be downloadand complete.(www.hse.gov.uk/risk/risk-assessment-and- policy-template.doc)They also provide an example health and safety policy to give anidea of what to include when writing one...(www.hse.gov.uk/risk/health-and-safety-policy-example.doc)A policy will only be effective if the employer, the managementand their staff follow it and review it regularly.Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  9. 9. Health & Safety Made SimpleA policy is a written statement, usually comprises threeelements:“a statement section (often a single page) detailing howsafety will be managed and that demonstrates theorganisations commitment to health and safetyan organisation section that details whereresponsibilities are allocated and how employees fit intothe overall safety management systeman arrangements section that contains details of howspecific activities and functions are managed.”Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  10. 10. Health & Safety Made SimpleThis arrangements section could include suchmatters as risk assessments, fire safety, first aid,accident reporting, electrical safety, workequipment, hazardous substances, manualhandling and other workplace issues.In larger organisations the arrangements sectionmay refer to other documents, such as safetymanuals or safe systems of work.Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  11. 11. Health & Safety Made SimpleManage the risks in your businessThink about what, in the business, might cause harm to peopleand decide whether enough is being done to prevent that harm.This is known as a risk assessment.A risk assessment is not about creating huge amounts ofpaperwork, red tape or bureaucracy but rather about identifyingsensible measures to control the risks in your workplace.The booklet (PDF) states that the law does not expect you toremove all risks, but to protect people by putting in placemeasures to control those risks.The employer is probably already taking steps to protect theiremployees, but a risk assessment will indicate whether theorganisation should be doing more or not.Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  12. 12. Health & Safety Made SimpleAssessing risks in the workplaceThere are no hard and fast rules as to how Risk Assessmentsshould be carried out, as every organisation is different and mayrequire a slightly different approach. It’s important that RiskAssessments are carried out systematically and all of theforeseeable risks considered.In order to assess risks it is important to be aware of thedistinction between hazard and risk.The following definitions are usually applied to these terms:Hazard: Anything with the potential to cause harm. Typicalexamples are electricity, hazardous substances and noise.Risk: The likelihood that damage, loss or injury will be caused bya hazard and how severe the outcome may be.Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  13. 13. Health & Safety Made SimpleThe Health and Safety Executive recommend anapproach where you carry out the process in fivesteps:1 - identify the hazards associated with work activities2 - identify who could be harmed by those hazards3 - identify how you manage the risks at present and whatfurther steps might be required to reduce the risks further.These are the control measures.4 - record the findings of your assessment and informthose at risk of the controls5 - review the Risk Assessment on a regular basis, e.g. ifthe staff, the activity, or the equipment used change.Clive Burgess copyright October 2011.
  14. 14. Health & Safety Made SimpleIt is a good idea to review your Assessments at leastannually.Look at each activity as critically as possible, observing howit is carried out, and checking existing guidelines andinformation.Check accident reports and inspection and maintenancerecords to see if anything can be learned from existingrecordsClive Burgess copyright October 2011
  15. 15. Health & Safety Made SimpleControlling risksWhen deciding on control measures the following principlesshould be applied:...can the risk be avoided or eliminated?...can the risks be contained at source?...can the work be adapted to suit the individual? e.g. layoutof workplace, choice of equipment and methods of working...can engineering or technical controls be used?Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  16. 16. Health & Safety Made SimpleInformation, instruction and training, and providingpersonal protective equipment should always be consideredas a last resort after the above controls have beenconsidered.Employers should, wherever possible, give priority to thosecontrols that best protect everyone exposed to the risk.Remember that additional controls may be required toprotect vulnerable groups, such as young people orpregnant workers.Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  17. 17. Health & Safetytheir EmployeesEmployers should consult Made SimpleEmployers have to consult all their employees on healthand safety matters. This does not need to becomplicated. They can do this by listening and talking tothem about:...health and safety and the work they do;...how risks are controlled;...the best ways of providing information and training.Consultation is a two-way process, allowing staff toraise concerns and influence decisions on the management of health andsafety is good practice. Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  18. 18. Health & Safety Made SimpleEmployers must protect the safety and health of everyone in theirworkplace, including people with disabilities, and provide welfarefacilities for their employees.Basic things employers need to consider are outlined below.Welfare facilitiesFor employees’ well-being employers need to provide:...toilets and hand basins, with soap and towels or a hand-dryer;drinking water;...a place to store clothing (and somewhere to change if specialclothing is worn or work);...somewhere to rest and eat meals. Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  19. 19. Health & Safety Made SimpleHealth issues Clive Burgess copyright October 2011To have a healthy working environment, employers must makesure there is:...good ventilation – a supply of fresh, clean air drawn fromoutside or a ventilation system;,,,a reasonable working temperature (usually at least 16°C, or13°C for strenuous work, unless other laws require lowertemperatures);...lighting suitable for the work being carried out;...enough room space and suitable workstations and seating;...a clean workplace with appropriate waste containers.
  20. 20. Health & Safety Made SimpleSafety issues Clive Burgess copyright October 2011To keep the workplace safe employers must:...properly maintain their premises and work equipment;...keep floors and traffic routes free from obstruction;...have windows that can be opened and also cleanedsafely;...make sure that any transparent (eg glass) doors or wallsare protected or made of safety material.For more detailed information in Workplace health, safetyand welfare: A short guide for managers (www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg244.pdf).
  21. 21. Health & Safety Made Simple Important – Personal Note...Display a Health and Safety Poster...Get insurance for your business...Keep your business up-to-date and your staff informed...Develop a business plan...And produce a fire risk assessment for your premisesUseful web Business Link... HSE... Direct Gov Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  22. 22. Health & Safety Made SimpleWhat we have covered and what the micro-site containsA need for a Competent personHealth and Safety policies for businessesArrangements for first aid, accidents and ill healthManage the risks in business and risk assessingConsultation with employeesProvide training and information for employeesProvide the right workplace facilitiesDisplay the health and safety law posterGet insurance for the businessKeep up to date... get a business plan and produce afire risk assessment Clive Burgess copyright October 2011
  23. 23. Health & Safety Made Simple ...the basics for your business by Clive Burgess INDG 449 – Simple Guidelines October 2011Clive Burgess copyright October 2011

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