Clinton Hulslander Edwin Pena Zuny Kocsis Rococo&Neoclassical Art
Rococo Overview Louix XIV ushered in the Rococo period Lasted from 1730 to 1765 Signified extravagance and the pursuit of pleasure ‘Rococo’ means ‘fancy rock’ The style spread rapidly across Europe Confession booth at FarrkircheSteingaden, Bavaria
Rococo was replaced after Louis XIV died Revived in 1765 Signifies restraint and control Discovery of ancient Grecian ruins made this the most accurately authentic neoclassicism Syron House, Brentford, Middlesex from 1761 Neoclassical Overview
Rococo and Neoclassical Architecture Capitol Building in D.C. Neoclassical Benedictine Abbey, Ottobeuren, Bavaria Rococo
Rococo1715-1789 Rococo style is defined by its over the top ornamentation with intricate designs, both on the exterior and interior of buildings. Johann Baltasar Neumann Residenz at Wurzburg, 1722
Rococo style was derived in Paris and comes from the word “rocaille” meaning: fancy rock or shell work. Rococo mainly focused on the interior and displayed fancy plasterwork of flowers, cherubs and other intricate and delicate designs. Rococo architecture was more interior design than pure architecture.
The ballroom of the Catherine Palace in TsarskoyeSelo
Neoclassical1750-1850 Neoclassical architecture is the rebirth of the Greek and Roman styles. The most outstanding feature of the style is the use of columns.
The neoclassical designs got rid of all the over the top ornamentation of the rococo period. They replaced the plaster foliage, cherubs and other loud designs with more simplistic interior designs. That featured clean symmetrical geometric shapes.
In the New America the neoclassical style took hold and is still seen today in our monuments and other historical buildings.
Neoclassical Architects Jacques-GermainSoufflot James Gibbs Thomas Jefferson
A Brief Introductionto Rococo Rococo Style (1715-1750) : The term Rococo is a fusion of two words, Rocaille(decorative shells and rubble) and Barocco(Baroque) being the style that heavily influenced Rococo. The style originated in Versailles, France during the years succeeding King Louis XIV death. The Nobility and Aristocracy favored the extravagancy and playful nature of Rococo to that of the more restrained and linear Baroque style that preceded it.
Rococo Sculpture Rococo Sculpture embodies the lighthearted nature and playful form of its subjects without following the stricter confines of the Baroque style. One of the most celebrated Rocco sculptors of this period is Claude Michell, better known as Clodion. What Rococo sculptures lack in scale, they make up in detail. The Intoxication of Wine, Ca. 1775. Terracotta, ht.23 ½ in. Claude Michell (Clodion) Cupid and Psyche Ca. 1798.Terracotta, ht. 59cm. Claude Michell (Clodion)
– 1830) There are many reasons for the start of neoclassicism. The discovery of ancient artifacts at the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii in 1738 was one of the biggest inspirations to the beginning of neoclassicism. In conjunction with the revival of classic Greek and Roman fervor at this time, was a revolt against the frivolous preferred style of the oppressive French aristocracy Rococo. The return to a more noble and classical art form gave birth to some of the most influential sculpture from the 18th century and beyond. Pauline Borghese as Venus Ca. 1808, Marble, life sized. Antonio Canova
Rococo and Neoclassical Sculpture Comparison Making the distinction between Rococo and Neoclassical Sculpture is not difficult to achieve. The playful and spontaneous poses of Rococo starkly contrast the refinement and restraint displayed in Neoclassical form. Notice the differences between Coysevox’sDiana and Bartholdi’s Lady Liberty. Can you note 3 major differences between the two? The Duchesse of Bourgogne as Diana Ca.1710, Marble Coysevox The Statue of Liberty Ca.1886,Copper Frederic AugusteBarthodi
Characteristics Flowing curves and flourishes Elaborate ornamentation Freeform Gilded with precious metals References the feminine form Lots of color Rococo Furnishings
Characteristics Straight lines and simple motifs Order and symmetry Refined understatement Is considered a masculine form Monotones and contrasts (like cameos) Neoclassical Furnishings
Rococo Armchair 1753 Carved and gilded beechwood, covered with the original silk and wool Beauvais tapestry covers Neoclassical Armchair 1788 Carved, painted, and gilded walnut Comparisons Gallery - Furnishings
Rococo Commode, ca. 1710–32 Walnut veneered with ebony and marquetry of engraved brass and tortoiseshell, gilt-bronze mounts, verd antique marble top Neoclassical Commode, ca. 1795 Milan. Birchwood Marquetry, black marble top Comparisons Gallery - Furnishings
Rococo 18th century French gold mantel clock Neoclassical 1830 French Inlayed Rosewood and Ormolu Glazed Table Regulator with Annual Calendar Comparisons Gallery - Furnishings
Characteristics Theme was the pursuit of pleasure Romantic love was depicted as sensual and indulgent Wistful, feathery strokes Pastels and muted colors Attention to finer details Public expressions of fashion and vanity Rococo Paintings
Characteristics Themes were politics, history and mythology Depictions of reason and logic Principles of clarity and symmetry Chiaroscuro revisited Firm contours and polished brushstrokes Historical subjects NeoclassicalPaintings
Rococo Francois Boucher, The Fountain of Love 1748 Neoclassical Charles III Visits Pope Benedict XIV at the Coffee House of the Quirinale Comparisons Gallery - Paintings
Rococo François Boucher, portrait “Marquise de Pompadour” Neoclassical Jacques Louis David : Portrait of Madame Seriziat 1795 Comparisons Gallery - Paintings
Rococo Natoire, Venus and Cupid, 1745 Neoclassical Jacques Louis David : Cupid and Psyche Comparisons Gallery - Paintings
Conclusion We hope you enjoyed our presentation of Rococo and Neoclassical Art , Architecture, and Sculpture. What moves men of genius, or rather what inspires their work, is not new ideas, but their obsession with the idea that what has already been said is still not enough.Eugene Delacroix
Architecture – Clinton Hulslander Paintings – Zuny Kocsis for Jennifer Claas Furnishings – Zuny Kocsis Sculpture – Edwin Pena Galerie des Glaces, Versailles (Rococo) Credits