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Rococoand Neoclassical Group

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  • 1. Clinton Hulslander
    Edwin Pena
    Zuny Kocsis
    Rococo&Neoclassical Art
  • 2. Rococo Overview
    Louix XIV ushered in the Rococo period
    Lasted from 1730 to 1765
    Signified extravagance and the pursuit of pleasure
    ‘Rococo’ means ‘fancy rock’
    The style spread rapidly across Europe
    Confession booth at FarrkircheSteingaden, Bavaria
  • 3. Rococo was replaced after Louis XIV died
    Revived in 1765
    Signifies restraint and control
    Discovery of ancient Grecian ruins made this the most accurately authentic neoclassicism
    Syron House, Brentford, Middlesex from 1761
    Neoclassical Overview
  • 4. Rococo
    and
    Neoclassical
    Architecture
    Capitol Building in D.C.
    Neoclassical
    Benedictine Abbey, Ottobeuren, Bavaria
    Rococo
  • 5. Rococo1715-1789
    Rococo style is defined by its over the top ornamentation with intricate designs, both on the exterior and interior of buildings.
    Johann Baltasar Neumann
    Residenz at Wurzburg, 1722
  • 6. Rococo style was derived in Paris and comes from the word “rocaille” meaning: fancy rock or shell work.
    Rococo mainly focused on the interior and displayed fancy plasterwork of flowers, cherubs and other intricate and delicate designs.
    Rococo architecture was more interior design than pure architecture.
  • 7. Rococo Architects
    GermainBoffrand
    JahanBaltazar Neumann
  • 8. The ballroom of the Catherine Palace in TsarskoyeSelo
  • 9. Neoclassical1750-1850
    Neoclassical architecture is the rebirth of the Greek and Roman styles. The most outstanding feature of the style is the use of columns.
  • 10. The neoclassical designs got rid of all the over the top ornamentation of the rococo period.
    They replaced the plaster foliage, cherubs and other loud designs with more simplistic interior designs. That featured clean symmetrical geometric shapes.
  • 11. In the New America the neoclassical style took hold and is still seen today in our monuments and other historical buildings.
  • 12. Neoclassical Architects
    Jacques-GermainSoufflot
    James Gibbs
    Thomas Jefferson
  • 13. Rococoand NeoclassicalSculpture
    By Ed Pena
  • 14. A Brief Introductionto Rococo
    Rococo Style (1715-1750) : The term Rococo is a fusion of two words, Rocaille(decorative shells and rubble) and Barocco(Baroque) being the style that heavily influenced Rococo. The style originated in Versailles, France during the years succeeding King Louis XIV death. The Nobility and Aristocracy favored the extravagancy and playful nature of Rococo to that of the more restrained and linear Baroque style that preceded it.
  • 15. Rococo Sculpture
    Rococo Sculpture embodies the lighthearted nature and playful form of its subjects without following the stricter confines of the Baroque style.
    One of the most celebrated Rocco sculptors of this period is Claude Michell, better known as Clodion. What Rococo sculptures lack in scale, they make up in detail.
    The Intoxication of Wine,
    Ca. 1775. Terracotta, ht.23 ½ in.
    Claude Michell (Clodion)
    Cupid and Psyche
    Ca. 1798.Terracotta, ht. 59cm.
    Claude Michell (Clodion)
  • 16. Neoclassical Intro
    • Neoclassical Style (late 1700’s
    – 1830)
    There are many reasons for the start of neoclassicism. The discovery of ancient artifacts at the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii in 1738 was one of the biggest inspirations to the beginning of neoclassicism. In conjunction with the revival of classic Greek and Roman fervor at this time, was a revolt against the frivolous preferred style of the oppressive French aristocracy Rococo. The return to a more noble and classical art form gave birth to some of the most influential sculpture from the 18th century and beyond.
    Pauline Borghese as Venus Ca. 1808, Marble, life sized. Antonio Canova
  • 17. Rococo and Neoclassical Sculpture Comparison
    Making the distinction between Rococo and Neoclassical
    Sculpture is not difficult to achieve. The playful and spontaneous poses of Rococo starkly contrast the refinement and restraint displayed in Neoclassical form. Notice the differences between Coysevox’sDiana and Bartholdi’s Lady Liberty. Can you note 3 major differences between the two?
    The Duchesse of Bourgogne as Diana
    Ca.1710, Marble
    Coysevox
    The Statue of Liberty
    Ca.1886,Copper
    Frederic AugusteBarthodi
  • 18. Characteristics
    Flowing curves and flourishes
    Elaborate ornamentation
    Freeform
    Gilded with precious metals
    References the feminine form
    Lots of color
    Rococo Furnishings
  • 19. Characteristics
    Straight lines and simple motifs
    Order and symmetry
    Refined understatement
    Is considered a masculine form
    Monotones and contrasts (like cameos)
    Neoclassical Furnishings
  • 20. Rococo
    Armchair 1753
    Carved and gilded beechwood, covered with
    the original silk and wool Beauvais tapestry covers
    Neoclassical
    Armchair 1788
    Carved, painted, and gilded walnut
    Comparisons Gallery - Furnishings
  • 21. Rococo
    Commode, ca. 1710–32
    Walnut veneered with ebony and marquetry of engraved brass and tortoiseshell, gilt-bronze mounts, verd antique marble top
    Neoclassical
    Commode, ca. 1795
    Milan. Birchwood Marquetry, black marble top
    Comparisons Gallery - Furnishings
  • 22. Rococo
    18th century French gold mantel clock
    Neoclassical
    1830 French Inlayed Rosewood and Ormolu Glazed Table Regulator with Annual Calendar
    Comparisons Gallery - Furnishings
  • 23. Characteristics
    Theme was the pursuit of pleasure
    Romantic love was depicted as sensual and indulgent
    Wistful, feathery strokes
    Pastels and muted colors
    Attention to finer details
    Public expressions of fashion and vanity
    Rococo Paintings
  • 24. Characteristics
    Themes were politics, history and mythology
    Depictions of reason and logic
    Principles of clarity and symmetry
    Chiaroscuro revisited
    Firm contours and polished brushstrokes
    Historical subjects
    NeoclassicalPaintings
  • 25. Rococo
    Francois Boucher, The Fountain of Love 1748
    Neoclassical
    Charles III Visits Pope Benedict XIV at the Coffee House of the Quirinale
    Comparisons Gallery - Paintings
  • 26. Rococo
    François Boucher, portrait “Marquise de Pompadour”
    Neoclassical
    Jacques Louis David : Portrait of Madame Seriziat 1795
    Comparisons Gallery - Paintings
  • 27. Rococo
    Natoire, Venus and Cupid, 1745
    Neoclassical
    Jacques Louis David : Cupid and Psyche
    Comparisons Gallery - Paintings
  • 28. Conclusion
    We hope you enjoyed our presentation of Rococo and Neoclassical Art , Architecture, and Sculpture.
    What moves men of genius, or rather what inspires their work, is not new ideas, but their obsession with the idea that what has already been said is still not enough.Eugene Delacroix
  • 29. Architecture – Clinton Hulslander
    Paintings – Zuny Kocsis for Jennifer Claas
    Furnishings – Zuny Kocsis
    Sculpture – Edwin Pena
    Galerie des Glaces, Versailles (Rococo)
    Credits