EU DG Climate Action Initiative

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EU DG Climate Action Initiative

  1. 1. Win-win approaches Low Emission & Climate Resilient Development EU DG Climate Action Initiative Energy Efficiency as a strategic contribution to Climate Resilient Societies Ziad Jaber, Energy Expert COP19- Side Event, Warsaw, 14th November 2013
  2. 2. Energy Sector Background - Energy Sources - Fuel Based - Hydro Power - Renewable Sources
  3. 3. Power Sector Characteristics - Generation Capacity - ~2200MW Fuel Based - ~274MW Hydro Power - Generation Availability (~1700MW) - Demand (~2600MW) - Supply (rotating outages, self-generation) - Transmission Network - Distribution Network
  4. 4. Vulnarability of Energy Sector - Higher Demand - Increased Cooling Demand - Increased Water Pumping - Need for Desalination Plants?? - Energy Supply - Higher Fuel Prices - Decreased Hydro Power -Power Sector - Higher Demand - New Capacities - Network Upgrades
  5. 5. Adaptation Criteria - Adaptation Criteria - Sustainability Reliability Availability Economy URGENCY ?!
  6. 6. Adaptation Measures - Business as Usual Basis - Cleaner / More efficient ways - Energy Sources Diversification Cleaner Fuels Renewable Sources Energy Efficiency Demand Side Management Synergy with Mitigation Mitigation co-Benefits Low carbon
  7. 7. Adaptation Measures -Cleaner Solutions Direct/Indirect Effects - Economy Productivity Health Education Others
  8. 8. Mobilizing Resources - Government Commitment - Policies and Regulations Support - International Support - Financing - Private Public Partnership - Private Sector Initiatives - Banking Sector Involvement
  9. 9. Adaptation Measures – Lebanon Case - Policy Paper for Electricity Sector (2010) - Infrastructure: - Generation; Transmission; Distribution - Supply and Demand: - Fuel Sourcing; Renewable Energies; Demand Side Management / Energy Efficiency; Tariffs - Legal Framework: - Norms and Standards; Corporatization of Électricité Du Liban; Legal Status - Energy Efficiency Components - Renewable Energy Sources Components
  10. 10. Implementation Measures – NEEAP - National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (2011) - Developed, Monitored and Updated by LCEC 1. Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon 2. Adoption of Energy Conservation Law and Institutionalization of the LCEC 3. Promotion of PV and Wind Applications in the Residential and Commercial Sectors 4. Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions 5. Design and Implementation of a National Strategy for Efficient Public Street Lighting 6. Electricity Generation from Wind Power
  11. 11. Implementation Measures – NEEAP - National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (Cont.) 7. Electricity Generation from Solar Energy 8. Hydro Power for Electricity Generation 9. Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies 10. Building Code for Lebanon 11. Financing Mechanisms and Incentives 12. Awareness and Capacity Building 13. Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business 14. Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment
  12. 12. Solar Water Heaters - 5,169 Interest Free Loans - 2,550 Citizens Received US$ 200 Grant Subsidy -12,197 Units Installed in Residential Sector in 2011 - US$18,131,183 Market Value in 2011 - 43,500m2 Collector Area Installed by 2011 - 18,390 Tons CO2 Saved Annually (2011 data) - US$ 3,754,687 Yearly Savings (2011 data) - 190,000m2 Target 2009 – 2014 - 50,000m2 Target Each Year till 2020 - 1.05 million m2 Target by 2020 - Involvement of Private and Banking Sectors
  13. 13. NEEREA - National Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Action - Financial Mechanism through National Commercial Banks for RE & EE Components - Supported by Banque du Liban (BDL) - Near 0% Interest Rate - ~US$ 100 million Dispersed and Gaining Momentum
  14. 14. BRSS - Beirut River Solar Snake - 7Km - 10MW PV - 10K houses - US$ 40 million - Phase 1: - 1MW - US$ 4million - MoEW Fund
  15. 15. Other Sample Projects - Wind Energy - Wind Atlas (completed) - 60 – 100MW Wind Farm (bid evaluation) - 1MW Single Wind Turbine (planned) - Bio-energy - Bio-Energy Strategy (completed) - Energy Efficiency - 3 million CFL (completed) - Efficient Street Lighting (on-going) - ESCOs
  16. 16. Stakholders Roles - Government - Dedicated Entity - Private Sector - Banking Sector - NGOs - Regional / International Bodies - International Donors
  17. 17. Stakholders Roles - Government - Dedicated Entity - Private Sector - Banking Sector - NGOs - Regional / International Bodies - International Donors

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