Where was Troy and why is it important to us? Troy really did exist. Her remains have been discovered in present day Turkey. The Romans believed that they were descendants of survivors of Troy. Some say Troy was destroyed by the Greeks, while others believe that it was destroyed by an earthquake
Peleus and Thetis Zeus was attracted to a nymph named Thetis It was foreseen that Thetis’ son would be greater than his father. Zeus marries Thetis off to Peleus, an old mortal. (Son = Achilles) All were invited to the wedding,except for Eris, the goddess of Discord.
Apple of Discord Eris throws a golden apple into the party Three goddesses claim it as theirs: Hera, Athena and Aphrodite Zeus won’t choose so he orders Hermes to take them to Earth so that Paris, a sheperd, can choose.
Judgement of Paris Paris is a prince of Troy, but is unaware All 3 goddesses offer a bribe Athena offers wisdom and skill in battle Hera offers political power and control of Asia Aphrodite offers the most beautiful woman in the world Paris chooses Aphrodite
Who’s the most beautiful woman? Helen of Sparta (later know as Helen of Troy) Mother—Leda, Father—Zeus or Tyndareus Zeus seduces Leda and she has two sets of twins: Helen, Clytemnestra, Castor and Pollux. Helen has suitors and all swear to an oath to protect and defend Helen’s marriage. Her father choose Menelaus as her husband. Menelaus’ brother, Agamemnon marries Clytemnestra
Naughty Paris Paris now knows that he’s a prince. Diplomatic mission to Sparta Seduces (or kidnaps) Helen They return to Troy Odysseus and Menelaus try to solve the problem diplomatically All the suitors must fulfill their oath
I don’t want to go. Agamemnon declares himself as leader of the Greek army. Now married to Penelope and father of Telemachus, Odysseus/Ulysses feigns madness. Achilles pretends to be a girl. 1,000 ships went to retrieve Helen. Therefore, Helen is known as “the face that launched 1,000 ships.
House of Atreus Agamemnon becomes leader of the Greeks. Belongs to the House of Atreus Tantalus cuts up his son, Pelops, and feeds him to the gods and goddesses. Endures eternal punishment in the Underworld Sacrifice of Iphigenia Upsets Artemis No winds to sail Must appease Artemis
Important Players Greek Agamemnon—king of Mycenae Menelaus—King of Sparta Achilles—king of Myrmidons Odysseus—King of Ithaca Ajax the great Ajax the lesser Nestor—Agamemnon’s right hand man Neoptolemus—Achilles’ son Trojan Priam—king of Troy Hecuba—queen of Troy Hector—Prince of Troy Andromache—Hector’s wife Aeneas--ancestor of Romans Paris—Prince of Troy Cassandra—Princess of Troy
The Gods & Goddesses Greek Supporters Hera Athena Poseidon Hephaestus Trojan Supporters Aphrodite—mother of Aeneas Ares Apollo Artemis
The Wrath of Achilles Agamemnon receives Chryseis, a priestess of Apollo, as a concubine. Plague strikes the troops. Agamemnon returns Chryseis to her father and the plague is lifted. In return, he takes Achilles’ girl, Briseis. Achilles feels disrespected and refuses to fight.
Death of Patroclus Patroclus, Achilles’ “cousin”, goes into battle under the guise of Achilles. Fights like Achilles and takes out several Trojans Killed by Hector who believes that it is Achilles. Takes Achilles’ armor as is customary
Death of Hector Achilles receives new armor &reconciles with Agamemnon Briseis is returned to Achilles Hector is defeated by Achilles. Body desecrated
A Humble Request Hector’s body has been destroyed Achilles takes it back to his camp Ultimate disgrace—not allowing for proper burial King Priam goes into the Greek camps to request the return of body Achilles obliges. A temporary truce allows time for the funeral games.
Several Shall Fall Achilles kills many, including children Paris shoots him through his only weak spot (with the help of Apollo) Paris is killed by Philoctetes (Hercules’ friend) Achilles’ son now joins the battle (Neoptolemus)
The Trojan Horse Odysseus has a plan Greeks pretend to flee, but hide on a nearby island Several of their best warriors hide inside the horse The horse is supposed to be an offering to Athena for a safe return home. The Trojans think that they have won and party!!!!!
Hear Our Warnings Cassandra advises against taking the horse Has the gift of prophecy No one believes her because of Apollo’s curse Laocoon, a priest, and his 2 small sons are eaten by serpents
Whyyyyyyyyyyy????? Neoptolemus kills King Priam Menelaus kills Helen’s new husband, but spares her. Agamemnon takes Cassandra, Neoptolemus take Andromache, Odysseus gets Queen Hecuba Neoptolemus kills Hector’s infant son
Importance to Us Hector appears to Aeneas in a dream Flees with wife, son (Ascanius) and father. Wife disappears Leads the survivors to Italy after having his own “odyssey” Stops in Carthage along the way (Punic Wars) Unites with the Latins and marries Lavinia His descendents will found Rome.
What about the rest? Gods are angry at the actions of the Achaeans Most won’t make it home Nestor makes it home (no looting/ill acts) Ajax the Lesser—killed by Athena (thrown onto jagged rocks.) Agamemnon—killed by wife and new lover Odysseus—arrives home after 10 years Menelaus—returns to Sparta with Helen