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4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference
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4th International Transportation Systems Performance Measurement Conference

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What are some of LACMTA\'s Sustainability and Climate Change Metrics and Tools and why we use them

What are some of LACMTA\'s Sustainability and Climate Change Metrics and Tools and why we use them

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  • 1. Climate Change and Sustainable Transit Performance Presented by Cris B. Liban, D.Env., P.E. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority May 18, 2011 MetroLos Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 2. Transit Paradox4th International Transportation Systems Performance Transit’s Effects on Regional Carbon FootprintMeasurement Conference APTA, 2010 To reduce emissions from mobile sources, we need higher levels of public transit and more compact patterns of land use that transit supports. Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 3. Transit’s Impact on GHG Emissions4th International Transportation Systems Performance Mode Shift Avoided trips from privateMeasurement Conference autos GHG Emissions Congestion Relief GHG Impacts from of Transit Transit Improves fuel efficiency • Transit vehicles and fuels • Facilities, stations, and maintenance yards • Construction and Compact maintenance Development • Nonrevenue vehicle fleets Fewer auto trips required Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 4. Metro’s Sustainability Approach4th International Transportation Systems Performance • Increase and expand our system through Measure R while simultaneously finding ways to significantly reduce our own carbon footprintMeasurement Conference • Integrate sustainability principles in our Planning, Construction, Operation, and Procurement efforts • Use Environmental Management System principles in our operations PLAN ACT DO Metro CHECK Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority 4
  • 5. 4th International Transportation Systems PerformanceMeasurement Conference ANNUAL SUSTAINABILITY REPORT AS A TOOL Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 6. Methodology4th International Transportation Systems Performance • Use of the GRI Protocol • Considered common inputs and outputs • Energy, Water, Materials<<==>>Emissions, Effluents, WasteMeasurement Conference • Considers impacts on biodiversity • Compared the change in environmental impacts to the changes in service and ridership • Efficiency of growth can be estimated • Normalizing factors • Boardings • Revenue Hours Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 7. Sustainability Indicators4th International Transportation Systems PerformanceMeasurement Conference Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 8. Major Indicator Trends: 2009 to 20114th International Transportation Systems Performance • Changes in electricity usage based on reassignment of accounts not magnitude of usage • Overall water use increased faster than ridership growthMeasurement Conference • Overall decrease in Greenhouse Gas Emissions • 100% CNG Busses • Further improvements in Ridership, Fuel Use, and Facility Electricity Use • Significant decrease in criteria pollutants • Steady increase of non-hazardous liquid waste • Attributed to the increase in number of bus washers and facilities Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 9. Annual Reporting Benefits4th International Transportation Systems Performance • Enables our Board to adopt informed performance targetsMeasurement Conference • Provides information necessary to implement plans to meet those targets • Creates a structure that can be used to regularly monitor progress • http://www.metro.net/sustainability Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 10. 4th International Transportation Systems PerformanceMeasurement Conference COST-EFFECTIVENESS AS CLIMATE CHANGE REDUCTION STRATEGY Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 11. Why Cost Effectiveness Analysis?4th International Transportation Systems Performance Compare the cost and emissions impacts of potential transit strategies to further reduce emissionsMeasurement Conference Cost effectiveness rated in $ per ton of emissions reduced Informs decision making although with some challenges Informs Climate Action and Adaptation Plan Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 12. Cost-Effectiveness Calculation4th International Transportation Systems PerformanceMeasurement Conference Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 13. Results: Cost Effectiveness4th International Transportation Systems PerformanceMeasurement Conference Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 14. Results: GHG Reduction Potential4th International Transportation Systems Performance Large GHG Ridesharing/Transit Programs for Employers Benefit Transit Oriented Development (> 10,000 Vanpool Subsidy MtCO2e/year) On-board Railcar Energy StorageMeasurement Conference 45-foot Composite Buses Moderate Facility Lighting Efficiency GHG Benefit $ Metro Employee Transit Subsidy < $14 / ton (1,000-10,000 $$ Bicycle Paths along Transit Corridors $ $300-900 / ton MtCO2e/year) $$ Gasoline-Electric Hybrid Buses $$ >$1000 / ton $$ Wayside Energy Storage Substation Red Line Tunnel Lighting Retrofit Hybrid Non-Revenue Cars Small GHG Recycled Water for Bus Washing Benefit Low Water Sanitary Fixtures (< 1,000 $ Solar Panels MtCO2e/year) $ Bike-to-Transit Commuter Incentives $$ Hybrid Non-Revenue Light Trucks Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 15. Using Results in Decision Making4th International Transportation Systems Performance Must consider co-benefits of strategies Transit service MobilityMeasurement Conference Water conservation Waste reduction Range of cost effectiveness for some strategies is too wide to support decision making Does make a case for implementation of cost savings strategies Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 16. “Cost-Effectiveness” as a Strategy?4th International Transportation Systems Performance Largest GHG reduction opportunities are typically those that reduce VMT Many of the most cost effective strategiesMeasurement Conference address GHG emissions from facility energy use. Too early to generalize from these results Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 17. Metro’s Role in a Sustainable Region4th International Transportation Systems Performance • Metro’s programs organically create a nexus among various sustainable elementsMeasurement Conference • Forging partnerships and finding common-ground solutions • Ensures that our operations consider environment, economy, and society Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 18. Metro’s Recent Sustainability Successes4th International Transportation Systems Performance Reduced priority air pollution per vehicle mile by more than 74% through the use CNG buses Increased our renewable energy portfolio by moreMeasurement Conference than 50% to one of transit’s largest in the nation, currently about 2MW of renewable energy power Began to reduce water use by a quarter of a million gallons per day over five years About 44% of our generated waste are now recycled Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 19. Continuing Environmental Leadership4th International Transportation Systems Performance Partnerships with Federal, State, local, non-profits and other 3rd Party entitiesMeasurement Conference Clean/Green Construction Policy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Policy Climate Action and Adaptation Plan Energy Conservation and Management Plan Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
  • 20. 4th International Transportation Systems Performance QuestionsMeasurement Conference Cris B. Liban, D.Env., P.E. p: 213/922-2471 e/m: libane@metro.net For additional information: www.metro.net/sustainability 213/922-1100 Metro Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority

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